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Molecules  2008 

A New Sesquiterpenoid Hydroquinone from the Marine Sponge Dysidea arenaria

DOI: 10.3390/molecules13061275

Keywords: Sesquiterpenoid hydroquinone, anti-HIV activity, Dysidea arenaria.

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Abstract:

Detailed chemical investigation of the South China sponge Dysidea arenaria resulted in the isolation of a new sesquiterpenoid hydroquinone, 19-hydroxypolyfibrospongol B (1), along with five known compounds: polyfibrospongol B (2), isosemnonorthoquinone (3), ilimaquinone (4), smenospongine (5) and smenotronic acid (6). The structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis. The in vitro anti- HIV activity on HIV-1 RT was evaluated. Compounds 3 -6 displayed moderate inhibitory activity, with IC50 values of 239.7, 16.4, 176.1, and 130.4 μM, respectively, while 1 and 2 were found to be inactive against the same biological target.

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