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环境科学  2007 

Breakage and Regrowth of Flocs Coagulation with Polyaluminum Chloride (PACl)

Keywords: polyaluminum chloride (PACl),flocculation,flocs,charge neutralization,sweep coagulation,remixing

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The conventional jar test and the monitoring technique of floc size in line were employed to investigate the breakage and regrowth of the flocs formed by PACl. It was found that the breakage and regrowth of flocs varied with coagulation zones. The flocs formed in stabilization zone were of high strength and difficult to break, and could regrow better after broken, with the recovery factor of up to 259%. The flocs formed in charge neutralization zone were of the lowest strength and prone to break, but could reform completely after broken. The flocs formed in restabilization and sweep coagulation zones were also of high strength and difficult to break, but significantly irreversible after broken. The recovery factor of the broken flocs in sweep coagulation zone was only 18.6%. The effects of remixing on the breakage and regrowth of flocs increased with remixing intensity. In sweep coagulation zone, the settling height and mean settling velocity of the interface between flocs blanket and water were lower for the broken and partly reforming flocs than for those unbroken; Moreover, in flocculation settling and zone settling zones, the instantaneous settling velocity of the interface at the same flocs concentration was also lower for the broken flocs than for those unbroken, but in compression settling zone, the instantaneous settling velocity was the same whether the flocs were broken or not.


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