The paper describes rich, a new R package to perform species richness estimation and comparison. Species richness is the simplest surrogate for the more complex concept of species biodiversity. It is relatively easy to assess although estimations strongly depend on sampling intensity with the consequence that richness estimations should be standardized to perform valid comparisons. The R package rich allows such corrections as well as the computation of various statistics and implements different randomization tests to compare cumulative and average species richness of two communities. These tests are useful for ranking sites or communities which is a classical goal in restoration ecology and conservation biology.
Rossi, J.P.; Celini, L.; Mora, P.; Mathieu, J.; Lapied, E.; Nahmani, J.; Ponge, J.F.; Lavelle, P. Decreasing fallow duration in tropical slash-and-burn agriculture alters soil macro-invertebrate diversity: A case study in southern French Guiana. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ.？2010, 135, 148–154, doi:10.1016/j.agee.2009.08.012.