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Analysis of Inflation and its Determinants in Nigeria

DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2010.97.100

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Abstract:

The study critically analyzed the dynamic and simultaneous inter-relationship between inflation and its determinants in Nigeria between 1970 and 2007. The time series variables properties were examined using the Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) unit root test and the result reveals that inflation rate, growth rate of real output and money supply and real share of Fiscal deficit are stationary at levels while other incorporated variables in the empirical analysis; real share of Import, Exchange rate and Interest rate are stationary at first difference. The long-run and short-run mechanism of interaction between inflation and its determinants were examined usig the Augmented Engle-Granger (AEG) cointegration test and Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) model, respectively.

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