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Everyday Phenomena in Physics Education: Impact on Male and Female Students Achievement, Attitude and Practical Skills in Urban and Peri-Urban Settings in Nigeria

DOI: 10.3923/pjssci.2011.316.324

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Abstract:

The study integrated some everyday phenomena into the teaching and learning of Physics and determined impact of its implementation on students achievement, attitude and practical skills. The one group pretest-posttest control group quasi-experimental design was adopted. 171 SS2 Physics students (86 males and 86 females) purposively selected from four schools across urban and rural parts of Ibadan metropolis participated in the study. Four instruments viz: instructional package on Integration of Everyday Phenomena into Physics concepts (r = 0.82), Physics achievement test (r = 0.81), Students attitude to Physics scale (r = 0.84) and Practical skills test in Physics (r = 0.81) were employed in the study. Data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics and paired and independent samples t-test. Results showed significant impact of the treatment package on students achievement and practical skills (p<0.05). Also, urban school students performed better in achievement (mean = 14.81) and practical skills (mean = 15.23) than their counterparts in peri-urban schools while female students had higher practical skills score (mean = 15.20) than the males (mean = 13.94). The findings confirmed the assumption that everyday phenomena could establish a positive transfer of learners experiential paradigm to the formal paradigm. Physics teachers should therefore, adopt the approach towards more effective students learning and acquisition of practical skills.

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