Withanolides are a branch of alkaloids, which reported many remedial uses. Withanolides mainly exist in 58 species of solanaceous plants which belong to 22 generous. In this review, the phyochemistry, structure and synthesis of withanolieds are described. Withania coagulans Dunal belonging to the family Solanaceae is a small bush which is widely spread in south Asia. In this paper the biological activities of withanolieds from Withania coagulans described. Anti-inflammatory effect, anti cancer and alzheimer’s disease and their mechanisms, antihyperglycaemic, hypercholesterolemic, antifungal, antibacterial, cardiovascular effects and another activity are defined. This review described 76 compounds and structures of Withania coagulans.