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Plasmodium Falciparum-Induced Kidney and Liver Dysfunction in Malaria Patients in Freetown, Sierra Leone

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This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Plasmodium falciparum infection on kidney and liver function parameters in malaria patients in Freetown, Sierra Leone. Blood samples taken from 64 malaria patients and 64 non-malaria volunteers at Abanita and Blue Shield Hospitals, Freetown Sierra Leone between January to April, 2009 were examined. Changes in serum biochemical parameters were analysed using normal range values as baseline. Serum bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) concentrations were significantly elevated in falciparum malaria patients compared to their non-malaria counterparts which is an indication of defective liver function. Most of patients with falciparum malaria also have significantly high serum concentrations of urea, creatinine, sodium and potassium showing alteration in kidney function. This study suggests that malaria parasites could be responsible for derangement of kidney and liver functions in patients and could therefore contribute to organ damage in affected individuals if not treated.


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