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Laccase isozymes of Pleurotus sajor-caju culture on husk and bran of black sticky rice and their potential on indigo carmine decolourisation

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Abstract:

Extracellular laccases of Pleurotus sajor-caju grown on solid state medium consisted of husk and bran of black sticky rice, were partially purified by DEAE–cellulose chromatography. These laccases could be separated into three groups: unboundLac and bound fractions (pool1Lac and pool2Lac). The optimum pH of these laccases was studied using ABTS as substrate. It was found that the pH optimum for unboundLac fell in the range of 3–5 and 3–4 for pool1Lac and pool2Lac. The indigo carmine decolourisation capacity was compared between unboundLac and pool2Lac. It was found that the optimal pH for indigo carmine decolourisation were 5 and 3 for unboundLac and pool2Lac, respectively. In the range of various dye concentrations tested, it was found that indigo carmine at 10 ìM with the enzyme activity of 0.01 U, gave the best dye decolourisation with 40.47% within 120 min for unboundLac and with 18.61% within 150 min for pool2Lac. High amount of enzyme used of these laccases might improve decolourisation ability.

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