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PCR identification of rpgip1 transgene in Pisum sativum L.

DOI: 10.2478/v10014-011-0011-y

Keywords: Transgenic pea, fungal diseases, Rubus idaeus, pgip homologues, multiplex PCR

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Abstract:

Recent efforts to increase Ascochyta blight resistance of pea have focused on the introduction of foreign genes by genetic engineering. The rpgip1 gene from Rubus idaeus was introduced by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation into Pisum sativum, cv. Baroness with the aim to increase pea resistance to fungal diseases. Notwithstanding this success, practical applications have to be preceded by the development of analytical methods for screening. Singleplex and multiplex PCR assays were employed to test primer efficiency in identifying the rpgip1 transgene in 11 pea genotypes. Five from ten primer combinations were effective in identifying transgene or insert sequences. PCR amplification using five other primer pairs revealed unspecific amplicons. According to in silico analyses, they arose from retrotransposons and pea genes including homologues of rpgip1. Two sets of primers were prepared with the aim of simultaneous amplification of different rpgip1 fragments. Fingerprints were sums of bands observed from individual pairs so the utility of multiplex assays was demonstrated. An additional advantage of multiplex PCR was clear differentiation between the transgene and endogenous pgip genes present in the donor species, R. idaeus. Sequencing of two PCR products confirms that no substantial rearrangements at the rpgip1 transgene arose during development of transgenic plants. However, a deletion occurred at 59 bp in the PGIP+VST line and a substitution at 392 bp in the PGIP line. The frequency of point mutations was not high (1.1 × 10-3) and comparable with the frequency expected for host genes based on the neutral theory of molecular evolution.

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