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Spatial segmentation characteristic of focal mechanism of aftershock sequence of Wenchuan Earthquake

DOI: 10.1007/s11434-009-0367-0

Keywords: Wenchuan Earthquake,moment tensor inversion,stress field,segmentation characteristic

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Abstract:

Moment tensor solutions of 88 earthquakes were determined by using the broadband waveform data recorded in six stations within 450 km around the Wenchuan Earthquake sequence by means of the time domain moment tensor inversion method. It was found that the type of the focal mechanism solution is characteristic of obvious spatial segmentation. There are six segments along the main rupture zone from southwest to northeast, where initially the focal mechanism is of main thrust type, finally of main right-lateral strike-slip type and between these two areas there is a transition zone characterized in multiple types of focal mechanisms appearing in turn. Earthquakes of left-lateral strike-slip type perpendicular to the main rupture zone occurred near Xiaoyudong Town. The stress field of each segment is inversed by means of the FMSI program, and it was found that, along the main rupture zone from southwest to northeast, the direction of the maximum principal stress is gradually changing from near EW to NW-SE, and finally changing back to near EW.

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