presents the various stages in the construction of the field of political memory and its potential for future research. initially addresses maurice halbwachs, who thinks of memory as a sociological phenomenon of social cohesion. then, it analyzes the political memory as a construct produced by the state in the formation of national identities. discuss pierre nora and his proposal ''places of memory'' and benedict anderson's concept of ''imagined community''. in a third stage deals with the transformations of the field of political memory as to the emergence of new actors and new types of media. it concludes with observations on political memory devices in rural communities in colombia, raised in the article as forms of expression of the memories groundwater.