was hegel's political philosophy, in a proper sense, "liberal"? for renato cristi the answer is a negative one. without being a reactionary, hegel never developed a "progressive liberalism", as many contemporary interpreters tend to think: instead it consisted in an "authoritarian liberalism" with a strong emphasis in authority than in freedom. hegel built his theory of the state with an absolute power monarch whose task should be to pacify civil society's struggling tendencies. by this way, hegel's thought will be close of the classical authoritarian formulations of thomas hobbes and carl schmitt. cristi's thesis have to be analyzed both historical and conceptual, with special regard to his sources.