introduction: the otolaryngology pathology has a high incident. aim: to know the outpatient pathology frequency that allows the creation of suitable permanent training programs. methods: retrospective study. analysis of outpatient daily attention sheets during 2006 at san juan de dios's hospital. results: the most frequent pathology is the otologic, which represents 50% of the consultations. individually, the most common pathology is chronic otitis media, followed tonsilar and adenoid pathology and rhinitis. conclusions: there has been a displacement of the infectious pathology towards the chronic inflammatory pathology.