moses maimonides (1135-1204) is considered the most prominent figure of judaism during the middle ages. born within the sephardic jewish community of córdoba, his rich intellectual education (theological, philosophi-cal and medical) together with a deep spirituality gave birth to the figure of a highly humanitarian, rational and dedicated physician. his medical legacy includes ten treatises, among them 'medical aphorisms of moses', a set of 1,500 aphorisms organized in 25 chapters, each dealing with a different área of medicine. his theological works and the renowned 'guide for the perplexed' raised his figure as a theologist and modern philosopher, being the latest his most universal creation. his life and legacy are an invitation to raise the medical vocation and practice beyond a simple occupation.