due to the political protest which scenery was peking olympic games of (2008), the olympic movement, for paradoxical reasons, is in a crucial moment which can be the appropriate and necessary one to promote his evolution and progress. on one side, the rpc promised to accomplish the necessary opening in the ambit of the respect for the human rights when, in 2001, peking received the incumbency to organize the games of the xxix olympiad. on the other hand, the coi started to suffer the largest pressures from several ngos, in order to force china to accomplish his promises. jacques rogge recognized, that the olympic movement was in the middle of a crisis difficult to manage in a satisfactory way for every one involved in the process. however, the atmosphere of crises between coi and rpc was not an unknown situation for the two entities. as matter of fact, in the beginning of the fifties the so called "two china" problem got to a point that the noc of prc, in the middle of the cold war, abandoned the coi and several of fi. at the time, avery brundage president of coi, affirmed that the sport has nothing to do with policy. passed more than fifty years, as it is possible to verify in the olympics of peking, the subject of the relationships between the sport and the politics, for the most several reasons, was not still resolved. on one side, the political leaders continue to manipulate the sport subjects in agreement with their conveniences, on the other hand, against all the evidences, most of leaders' of the olympic movement continues to affirm that the sport has nothing to do with policy. the objective of the present rehearsal is to analyze the political subject of the sport, considering the last and present relationships between rpc and coi, in the context of the "two china" problem.