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Hydroesterification of <i>Nannochloropsis oculata</i> microalga’s biomass to biodiesel on Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> supported Nb<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> catalyst

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Hydroesterification of Nannochloropsis oculata microalga’s biomass to biodiesel on Al2O3 supported Nb2O5 catalyst

DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.44031, PP. 204-210

Keywords: Biodiesel Microalgae, Hydrolysis, Esterification, Nannochloropsis oculata

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Abstract:

Hydroesterification process has been presented biodiesel production from oil the green microalga Nannochloropsis oculata raw materials. Biodiesel studied in this work is the main product got from the hydroesterification of biomass the Nannochloropsis oculata and was obtained from esterification of fatty acid (product of a hydrolysis reaction) with methanol. It was used as catalyst the niobic acid pure and supported on δ-aluminum. The product was evaluated by gas chromatography and other analyses. The optimum conditions found in the conversion (%) for the hydrolysis reactions of the biomass (92.3%). Better results were observed in the algae concentration 20%, lead at 300?C with 20% of catalyst. For esterification of fatty acids of Nannochloropsis oculata (92.24%), were observed the molar ratio methanol: fat acid 3, lead at 200°C with 20% of catalyst supported.

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