to evaluate the reproductive efficiency and its relationship with productive traits and genetic composition of a herd, in tropical climate, 113 cows were ssigned to seven crossbreeding levels: 1/2, 3/4, 7/8, 9/16 and 15/16 holstein x zebu, crossbreed pure holstein and gir. the studied traits were: age at calving, calving season, interval from calving to first service, interval from first service to fertile service, number of services, service period, interval calving, reproductive efficiency, lactation period, milk production by lactation order and genetic groups of the herd. analyses of multiple regression, variance and comparison of averages using tukey test were performed in statistical software saeg. the reproductive efficiency was influenced by the age at calving, lactation period, calving interval and genetic composition of the cows, but it was not influenced by milk production and season. the productive indexes were not influenced by the calving season, but were influenced by the genetic composition of the animals. in this study, the reproductive indexes were satisfactory, the zebu cows presented the smallest productive indexes and the taurine ones the smallest reproductive efficiency, probably by larger sensibility to handling.