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Nymph developmental time and survivorship, adult longevity, reproduction and body weight of Dichelops melacanthus (Dallas) feeding on natural and artificial diets

DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262007000400013

Keywords: biology, food, heteroptera, insecta, pentatomidae.

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Abstract:

the biology of nymphs and adults of the neotropical pentatomid, dichelops melacanthus (dallas), feeding on the natural foods, soybean, glycine max (l.) merrill immature pods, and corn, zea mays l. immature seeds, and on an artificial dry diet, was studied in the laboratory. nymph developmental time was shorter on the natural foods (ca. 21-22 days) than on the artificial diet (28 days), and most nymphs reached adulthood on the food plants (55% on soybean and 73% on corn) than on the artificial diet (40%). fresh body weight at adult emergence was similar and higher for females raised as nymphs on the natural foods, compared to females from nymphs raised on the artificial diet; for males, weights were similar on all foods. mean (female and male) survivorship up to day 20, decreased from 55% on soybean to 40% on corn, down to 0% on the artificial diet. total longevity for females was higher on soybean, while for males was similar on all foods. about three times more females oviposited on soybean than on corn, but fecundity/female was similar on both foods. on the artificial diet, only one out of 30 females oviposited. fresh body weight of adults increased significantly during the first week of adult life, and at the end of the 3rd week, weight gain was similar on all foods.

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