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Development of the immature stages of Culex (Culex) saltanensis Dyar (Diptera, Culicidae) under laboratory conditions

DOI: 10.1590/S0085-56262012005000005

Keywords: culex bionomics, eclosion rate, mortality rate, mosquito biology.

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development of the immature stages of culex (culex) saltanensis dyar (diptera, culicidae) under laboratory conditions. culex (culex) saltanensis dyar, 1928 is becoming frequent and abundant in natural and artificial breeding sites in urban and rural areas of brazil. this study contributes to the knowledge of the biology of a brazilian strain of c. saltanensis. the development of specimens reared individually or grouped was observed. the study was conducted at a constant temperature of 27 ± 2°c, 14l:10d photoperiod and 80 ± 5% relative humidity. the immature stages were observed every 6 hours until adult emergence, which occurred in 12.29 days among individually reared specimens and in 13.12 days among group-reared specimens. egg rafts for the experiment were obtained from the laboratory and field. eggs hatched at a rate of 97.48 ± 2.32%. more eggs per egg raft were obtained from the field than from the laboratory. males from individually reared specimens emerged in 12.29 ± 1.11 days and females in 13.12 ± 1.58 days. the male-female ratio was 1:1. larval survival rate was higher than 85% for larvae reared isolated and higher than 95% for group-reared larvae. the culex saltanensis life cycle was completed within 12 to 14 days, where larval instars i and iv took the most time to develop and the pupae, the shortest.


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