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Relationships between grain yield and accumulation of biomass, nitrogen and phosphorus in common bean cultivars

DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832008000500019

Keywords: common bean, genotype, ontogeny, phaseolus vulgaris, plant growth, root.

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Abstract:

shoot biomass is considered a relevant component for crop yield, but relationships between biological productivity and grain yield in legume crops are usually difficult to establish. two field experiments were carried out to investigate the relationships between grain yield, biomass production and n and p accumulation at reproductive stages of common bean (phaseolus vulgaris) cultivars. nine and 18 cultivars were grown on 16 m2 plots in 1998 and 1999, respectively, with four replications. crop biomass was sampled at four growth stages (flowering r6, pod setting r7, beginning of pod filling r8, and mid-pod filling r8.5), grain yield was measured at maturity, and n and p concentrations were determined in plant tissues. in both years, bean cultivars differed in grain yield, in root mass at r6 and r7 stages, and in shoot mass at r6 and r8.5, whereas at r7 and r8 differences in shoot mass were significant in 1998 only. in both years, grain yield did not correlate with shoot mass at r6 and r7 and with root mass at r6. grain yield correlated with shoot mass at r8 in 1999 but not in 1998, with shoot mass at r8.5 and with root mass at r7 in both years. path coefficient analysis indicated that shoot mass at r8.5 had a direct effect on grain yield in both years, that root mass at r7 had a direct effect on grain yield in 1998, and that in 1999 the amounts of n and p in shoots at r8.5 had indirect effects on grain yield via shoot mass at r8.5. a combined analysis of both experiments revealed that biomass accumulation, n and p in shoots at r6 and r7 as well as root mass at r6 were similar in both years. in 1998 however bean accumulated more root mass at r7 and more biomass and n and p in shoots at r8 and r8.5, resulting in a 57 % higher grain yield in 1998. this indicates that grain yield of different common bean cultivars is not intrinsically associated with vegetative vigor at flowering and that mechanisms during pod filling can strongly influence the final crop yield. the esta

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