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Microbial biomass and soil chemical properties under different land use systems in northeastern Pará

DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832011000400006

Keywords: secondary vegetation, burning, biomass shredding, cultivation cycles.

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Abstract:

the increase in agricultural production in the brazilian amazon region is mostly a result of the agricultural frontier expansion, into areas previously influenced by humans or of native vegetation. at the same time, burning is still used to clear areas in small-scale agricultural systems, leading to a loss of the soil productive capacity shortly after, forcing the opening of new areas. this study had the objective of evaluating the effect of soil preparation methods that involve plant residue shredding, left on the surface or incorporated to the soil, with or without chemical fertilization, on the soil chemical and biological properties. the experiment was conducted in 1995, in an experimental field of yellow latosol (oxisol) of the embrapa amaz?nia oriental, northeastern pará (brazil). the experiment was arranged in randomized blocks, in a 2x6 factorial design, with two management systems and six treatments evaluated twice. the management systems consisted of rice (oriza sativa), followed by cowpea (vigna unguiculata) with manioc (manihot esculenta). in the first system the crops were planted in two consecutive cycles, followed by a three-year fallow period (natural regrowth); the second system consisted of one cultivation cycle and was left fallow for three years. the following treatments were applied to the secondary forest vegetation: slash and burn, fertilized with npk (q+npk); slash and burn, without fertilizer npk (q-npk); cutting and shredding, leaving the residues on the soil surface, fertilized with npk (c+npk); cutting and shredding, leaving residues on the soil surface, without fertilizer (c-npk); cutting and shredding, with residue incorporation and fertilized with npk (i+npk); cutting and shredding, with residue incorporation and without npk fertilizer (i-npk). the soil was sampled in the rainier season (april 2006) and in the drier season (september 2006), in the 0-0.1 m layer. from each plot, 10 simple samples were collected in order to generate a co

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