samples of plant species visited by apis mellifera in castro alves, state of bahia (12°45's e 39°26'w), valley of the paragua？u river, were identified from january of 1994 to february of 1995. the community of apicultural plants was characterised by frequency indexes, constancy, abundance, diversity, uniformity and dominance, in relation to the number of bees collected on each plant species. a total of 48 species and 28 families were visited by a. mellifera during the observation period and the main species were cissus simsiana roem. & schult. (vitaceae), melochia tomentosa l. (sterculiaceae) and portulaca elatior mart. (portulacaceae).