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Some New Records of Stinkhorns (Phallaceae) from Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Assam, India  [PDF]
Girish Gogoi,Vipin Parkash
Journal of Mycology , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/490847
Abstract: This research paper represents for the first time an updated list of stinkhorn family, Phallaceae, in Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary, Jorhat, Assam, India. There are seven species of stinkhorns naturally present in the study area. A description of all the species is given along with images of fruiting bodies of the fungi and their microstructures; information on the ecology and general distribution and data on the literature have been documented. The seven species of stinkhorns were found in and around area of the sanctuary which include Phallus indusiatus, Phallus duplicatus, Phallus cinnabarinus, Phallus merulinus, Phallus atrovolvatus, Mutinus bambusinus, and Clathrus delicatus. 1. Introduction Fungi are some of the most important organisms in the world, because of their vital role in ecosystem function and influence on humans and human-related activities as discussed by Mueller and Bills [1]. Fungi are not only beautiful but play a significant role in the daily life of human beings besides their utilization in industry, agriculture, and medicine as discussed by Cowan [2] and Chang and Miles [3]. Moreover, fungi help in bioremediation, in recycling nutrients, and in decomposing the dead organic matter in soil and litter, as biofertilizers and in many other ways (Gadd [4]). It is necessary to estimate the taxonomic diversity for fungi that will enable fungi to be included in considerations of biodiversity conservation and land-use planning and management as discussed by Mueller and Schmit [5]. The number of fungi recorded in India exceeds 27,000 species, the largest biotic community after insects (Sarbhoy et al. [6]). Recent estimates of the global species numbers of fungi suggest that the much-used figure of 1.5 million is low, and figures up to 5.1 million have been proposed in the last few years (Hawksworth [7]). The literature survey revealed that only a fraction of total fungal wealth has been subjected to scientific scrutiny till date. The first list on Indian fungi was published by Butler and Bisby in 1931 [8] and then later on revised by Vasudeva in 1960 [8]. In North East India as a part of Indo Burma biodiversity hotspot [9] of the world, few number of wild edible macrofungi have been reported by Sarma et al. [10], Tanti et al. [11], Khaund and Joshi, [12], Baruah et al. [13], and N. I. Sing and S. M. Sing [14]. The stinkhorns are easily identified due to their fetid smelling, sticky spore masses, or gleba, borne on the end of a stalk called the receptaculum or cap. The characteristic fruiting-body structure, a single, unbranched
A phytosociological classification of the Hlane Wildlife Sanctuary, Swaziland  [cached]
W.P.D. Gertenbach,A.L.F. Potgieter
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1978, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v21i1.960
Abstract: A phytosociological classification of the vegetation of the Hiane Wildlife Sanctuary was undertaken, with special reference to the vegetation structure and the correlation between plant communities and the biotic and abiotic environment. This study contributes to the drafting of a management plan for the sanctuary.
Ants at Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary, Songkhla
Watanasit, S.,Noon-anant, N.
Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology , 2005,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate diversity of ant at Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary, Hat Yai, Songkhla. Three line transects (100 m each) were randomly set up in 2 types of forest area, disturbed and undisturbed. Hand collecting (HC) and leaf litter sampling (LL) were applied for ant collection within a time limit of 30 minutes for each method. This study was carried out every month during Febuary 2002- Febuary 2003. The results showed that 206 species were placed under 8 subfamilies: Aenictinae, Cerapachyinae, Dolichoderinae, Formicinae, Leptanillinae, Myrmicinae, Ponerinae and Pseudomyrmecinae. Study sites and collection methods could divide ant species into 2 groups, whereas seasonal change could not distinguish the groups by DCA of multivariate analysis.
A phytosociological reconnaissance of Mlilwane Wildlife Sanctuary, Swaziland  [cached]
B.J. Coetzee,P.J. Nel
Koedoe : African Protected Area Conservation and Science , 1978, DOI: 10.4102/koedoe.v21i1.958
Abstract: The orthodox Braun-Blanquet Method of sampling and synthesis is applied to obtain a classification of the Mlilwane vegetation. Rationalizing discussion of some subjective aspects of the traditional method is included. The Mlilwane Sanctuary stretches from the Swaziland Middleveld to Highveld
Distribution, Status of Migratory and Resident Waterfowls of Drigh Lake (Sindh) Wildlife Sanctuary  [PDF]
Karim Gabol,Sajid Mehmood,Nikhat Yasmin,R.M Tariq
International Journal of Zoological Research , 2005,
Abstract: Drigh Lake has emerged as an important wintering area offer a wide variety of waterfowl 37 species of waterfowl belonging to 6 orders and 9 families have been recorded from the area during the period 1998-2003, which includes some rare and threatened species. The status of each bird species has also been recorded. During mid/winter counts of waterfowl the highest population of 12618 waterfowl was counted in 2000. Drigh lake wildlife sanctuary listed as a wetland of international importance under the Ramsar convention in July 1976.
An ethnozoological study in the adjoining areas of Mount Abu wildlife sanctuary, India
DP Jaroli, Madan Mahawar, Nitin Vyas
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-6-6
Abstract: In order to document the ethnozoological information about animal and their products prevalent among these people in the adjoining area of Mount Abu wildlife sanctuary, a study was carried out from January, 2008 to April, 2008. Data were collected through semi-structured questionnaire and open interview with 25 (16 male and 9 female) selected Garasiya people. The name of animal and other ethnozoological information were documented. Photographs and discussion were also recorded with the help of camera and voice recorder.A total of 24 animal species were used in 35 different medicinal purposes including asthma, weakness, tuberculosis, cough, paralysis and blister and for other religious purposes. It has been find out that animal used by Garasiya, consist of fourteen mammals, five birds, three reptiles, one arthropods and one amphibian. The meat of Cynopterus sphinx used to relieved fever and cough has the highest FL (96%) although flesh of Sus scrofa and tooth of Elephas maximus have the lowest FL (12%). Some protected species such as Elephas maximus (elephant), Semnopithecus priam (monkey), Cervus unicolor (sambhar) were also mentioned as important medicinal resources. We also found that cough, asthma and other respiratory diseases are the most frequently cited disease, as such, a number of traditional medicine are available for the treatment.The present work indicates that 24 animal species were being used to treat 34 various ailments in the surroundings areas of Mount Abu wildlife sanctuary. The results show that ethnozoological practices are an important alternative medicinal practice for the Garasiya people. This study also indicates the very rich ethnozoological knowledge of these people in relation to traditional medicine. So there is an urgent need to properly document to keep a record of the ethnozoological information. We hope that this information will be useful for further research in the field of ethnozoology, ethnopharmacology and conservation point of v
Canopy beetles at Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary, Songkhla
Watanasit, S.,Na Wong, N.,Sirawatchananai, P.
Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology , 2005,
Abstract: The abundance of beetles on canopy trees were examined between disturbed and undisturbed areas of lowland tropical rain forest in Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary, Songkhla, Thailand between November 2001 and November 2002. Pyrethroid fogging was applied to collect the canopy beetles at 3 randomly selected trees in a permanent plot of 100×100 m2 of each study site every 2 months. The results show that the abundance of canopy beetles comprises of 485 species, 80 subfamilies in 42 families. The beetles frequently collected were Anthicidae, Curculionidae, Chrysomelidae, Elateridae and Staphylinidae. No differences in Shannon-Wiener Index and evenness were found between disturbed and undisturbed areasThe effects of seasonal change (dry and wet) and study area on individual number of canopy beetle families were also investigated. It was found that seasonal change influences canopy beetles in families Coccinellidae and Silvanidae, while the study area affects canopy beetles in families Anthicidae, Ceratocanthidae, Coccinellidae and Silvanidae. Interaction between seasonal change and study area is also found in the individual number of the family Attelabidae.The relationships between physical factors (rainfall, temperature and humidity) and the number of individuals of canopy beetles were also determined. The results show that the number of individuals of family Attelabidae was positively correlated with rainfall, whereas the number of individuals of families Buprestidae and Cerambycidae were posivtively correlated with temperature and the number of individuals of family Hydrophilidae was negatively correlated with humidity.
Ethno-medicinal Active Plants for Treating Cold and Cough in the Vicinity of Nahargarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Jaipur, India  [PDF]
J.B. Khan,G.P. Singh
Our Nature , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/on.v8i1.4332
Abstract: The present investigation is an attempt to enumerate the ethno-medicinal plants distributed in Nahargarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Jaipur, India. Traditional medicinal knowledge on 29 plant species has been documented which have the active principles for the treatment of cold and cough. A field survey of the study area was carried out to describe for the utility of these plants. Different parts of plant (roots, stem, leaves, bark, fruits, seeds, bulb, etc.) or the whole plant/herb is used as medicinal purpose for various ailments. Short diagnostic description, systematic position and local/tribal names of plants are described. DOI: 10.3126/on.v8i1.4332
Tree resources Of Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India with especial emphasis on conservation status, phenology and economic values  [PDF]
Lal Babu Chaudhary,Anoop Kumar,Ashish K Mishra,Nayan Sahu,Jitendra Pandey,Soumit K Behera,Omesh Bajpai
International Journal of Environment , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/ije.v3i1.9949
Abstract: Uttar Pradesh, one of the most populated states of India along international border of Nepal, contributes only about 3% of total forest & tree cover of the country as the major parts of the area is covered by agriculture lands and human populations. The forests are quite fragmented and facing severe anthropogenic pressure in many parts. To protect the existing biodiversity, several forest covers have been declared as National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. In the present study, Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS) has been selected to assess tree diversity, their phenology and economic values as the trees are the major constituent of any forest and more fascinating among all plant groups. The sanctuary consists of tropical moist deciduous type of vegetation and situated along the Indo-Nepal boarder in Bahraich district of Uttar Pradesh, India. After, thorough assessment of the area, a list of 141 tree species belonging to 101 genera and 38 families have been prepared. The family Fabaceae exhibits highest generic and species diversity with 14 genera and 23 species. The genus Ficus of Moraceae has been found the largest with 11 species. Maximum trees with about 51 species have been found to flower in post winter season (February to March) in the forest. About 62 trees are used as medicinal for various purposes, 50 as ornamental & avenue trees, 37 as timber wood, 36 as edible, 16 as fire wood and 12 as fodder. Since the sanctuary area has been surrounded by several villages and facing anthropogenic pressure, the public awareness program related with biodiversity conservation and sustainable uses is highly needed to protect the forest covers. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ije.v3i1.9949 International Journal of Environment Vol.3(1) 2014: 122-133
Diversity of macrofungal genus Russula and Amanita in Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary, Southern Kashmir Himalayas
SHAUKET AHMED PALA,ABDUL HAMID WANI,RIYAZ AHMAD MIR
Biodiversitas , 2012,
Abstract: Pala SA, Wani AH, Mir RA. 2012. Diversity of macrofungal genus Russula and Amanita in Hirpora Wild Life Sancturary. Biodiversitas 13: 65-71. The Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary that extends over an area of 114 km2 lies in the Pir Panjal range at a distance of 70 km in south-west of summer capital Srinagar. It is rich in biodiversity including macrofungal diversity. The Sanctuary has been subjected to high ecological and anthropogenic disturbance due to the construction of Mughal road which is major threat for its biodiversity. Since there is hardly any report of documentation of macrofungi from this sanctuary. In this back drop a survey was carried out during the year 2010 and 2011 to explore and invetorise macrofungal diversity of the sanctuary. During the survey a no of macrofungi were documented, among which Amanita and Russula were dominant genus represented by 7 species each. All the 14 species viz. Amanita ceciliae (Berk. & Broome) Bas. Amanita flavoconia G.F. Atk., Amanita muscaria var. formosa Pers., Amanita pantherina (Fr.) Krombh., Amanita phalloides (Fr.) Link., Amanita vaginata (Bull. ex Fr.) Vitt., Amanita virosa (Fr.) Bertillon, Russula aeruginea Fr., Russula atropurpurea (Krombh.) Britz., Russula aurea Pers., Russula cyanoxantha (Schaeff.) Fr., Russula delica Fr. Russula emetica (Schaeff. ex Fr.) Gray. and Russula nobilis Velen. are ectomycorrhizal in nature and among them Russula aeruginea Fr. is reported first time from the Kashmir.
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