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A Revision of Oriental Species of Psilocera Walker (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae) with Descriptions of Two New Species from Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh, India  [PDF]
P. M. Sureshan
ISRN Zoology , 2011, DOI: 10.5402/2011/391796
Abstract: The Oriental species of Psilocera Walker (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea: Pteromalidae) is revised, and two new species, namely, P. namdaphaensis sp.nov. and P. intermedia sp.nov. are described from Arunachal Pradesh, India. The affinities of the new species with the other known species are discussed. Systematic account of the Oriental species of Psilocera and a key to separate them are also provided. 1. Introduction The genus Psilocera Walker belongs to the subfamily Pteromalinae of Pteromalidae (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) and is known for 28 described species throughout the world with seven species known from the Oriental Region [1–3]. Sureshan [2] synonymised the genus Acanthometopon Ashmead under Psilocera, based on the close resemblance of the two genera except for the characteristic humped scutellum with a stout fingernail like tip in the former. He also described two other species, namely, P. scutellata and P. heydoni with a similar scutellum from India. Narendran and Kumar [3] described the species P. neoclavicornis from West Bengal, India with a humped scutellum. There is a gradation observed in the length of the conical hump and the sharpness of the finger nail tip of scutellum in all these species. It may now be assumed that the genus Psilocera contains two species groups, one with a normal scutellum and the other with the scutellum produced in the form of hump with a distinct finger nail-like tip. Boucek [4] had opined that Acanthometopon may constitute a subgenus of Psilocera. During the faunal exploration surveys undertaken in the Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh (27°23′ to 27°39′?N Latitudes and 96°15′ and 96°58′?E longitudes) one of the important biodiversity areas in India, interesting specimens of the genus Psilocera Walker were collected. The collections were made from an evergreen forest patch by sweeping over the leaf litter on the forest floor with an insect net. On detailed studies, the specimens were proved to belong to two undescribed species which are described hereunder. Affinities of these species with other known species are discussed. Systematic account of the other species of Psilocera known from the Oriental Region and a key to separate them are also provided (see Table 1). The type specimens are deposited in Zoological Survey of India, Western Ghat Regional Centre, Calicut, Kerala, India (ZSIC). Table 1: Key to the Oriental Species of Psilocera Walker (Based on Females, Modified from Sureshan 2000). The morphological terminology used in this paper follows that of Boucek [4] and the following abbreviations are used in
JAUNDICE AND ITS TRADITIONAL CURE IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH  [PDF]
Rama Shankar,Rawat M S,Deb S,Sharma B K
Journal of Pharmaceutical and Scientific Innovation , 2012,
Abstract: Jaundice is a highly prevalent disease in Arunachal Pradesh and adjoining states of India which is generally treated by local traditional healers belonging to 26 communities of the state. As per records published in different adjoining states over 105 plants are used for the cure of jaundice. Most of them are also available in Arunachal Pradesh and are also use by local traditional healers. The papers represents the plants used for the cure and management of jaundice by local traditional healers of 26 major communities of Arunachal Pradesh as well as the plants used for the same practice in other adjoining parts of the Country which are distributed or cultivated in Arunachal Pradesh.
Protozoan Diseases of Livestock in Arunachal Pradesh - An Overview
Tilling Tayo,Neeta Longjam and Bangkeng Perme
Veterinary World , 2011,
Abstract: The people (Tribes) of Arunachal Pradesh have the natural tendency to remain close contact with animals since immortal. The domestic animals are kept in basement of the house with human occupants in the first floor of same house. They remain in close contact with cattle, sheep, goat, pigs, poultry, cats and dogs throughout the year, exposing them to many animal born diseases of occupational risk. People are not aware of zoonotic diseases sharing between domesticated animal and human beings except for Rabies. So, there is regular out break of most common protozoan zoonotic diseases in human Giardiosis caused by Giardia spp. and amoebosis caused by Entamoeba spp. in the state. Another important disease of clinical significance is toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasma usually causes a febrile illness and abortions in pregnant women. The source of infection in humans may be due to close proximity with cats and unhygienic sanitation. Similarly high incidences of sarcocystis were reported form many district of Arunachal Pradesh. Source of transmission were adjudge to be eating of smoked pork and other meat product along with natural habit of eating raw vegetable as salad from contaminated areas could be the probable mode of transmission. [Vet. World 2011; 4(7.000): 332-336]
Database management system for the control of malaria in Arunachal Pradesh, India  [cached]
Upadhyayula.Suryanaryana Murty,Mutheneni. Srinivasa Rao,Neelima Arora,Amirapu. Radha Krishna
Bioinformation , 2006,
Abstract: The Arunachal Pradesh state in India is epidemic for malaria, caused by P.vivax and P.falciparum. Despite the implementation of several control strategies, the outbreak of malaria in the state is mainly due to lack of proper information regarding the disease. Hence, we completed a database to help implement appropriate control strategy for the public health officials in Arunachal Pradesh.
Ethnobotany of the Monpa ethnic group at Arunachal Pradesh, India
Nima D Namsa, Manabendra Mandal, Sumpam Tangjang, Subhash C Mandal
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1746-4269-7-31
Abstract: Field research was conducted between April 2006 and March 2009 with randomly selected 124 key informants using semi-structured questionnaire. The data obtained was analyzed through informant consensus factor (FIC) to determine the homogeneity of informant's knowledge on medicinal plants.We documented 50 plants species belonging to 29 families used for treating 22 human and 4 veterinary ailments. Of the medicinal plants reported, the most common growth form was herbs (40%) followed by shrubs, trees, and climbers. Leaves were most frequently used plant parts. The consensus analysis revealed that the dermatological ailments have the highest FIC (0.56) and the gastro-intestinal diseases have FIC (0.43). FIC values indicated that there was high agreement in the use of plants in dermatological and gastro-intestinal ailments category among the users. Gymnocladus assamicus is a critically rare and endangered species used as disinfectant for cleaning wounds and parasites like leeches and lice on livestocks. Two plant species (Illicium griffithii and Rubia cordifolia) are commonly used for traditional dyeing of clothes and food items. Some of the edible plants recorded in this study were known for their treatment against high blood pressure (Clerodendron colebrookianum), diabetes mellitus (Momordica charantia), and intestinal parasitic worms like round and tape worms (Lindera neesiana, Solanum etiopicum, and Solanum indicum). The Monpas of Arunachal Pradesh have traditionally been using Daphne papyracea for preparing hand-made paper for painting and writing religious scripts in Buddhist monasteries. Three plant species (Derris scandens, Aesculus assamica, and Polygonum hydropiper) were frequently used to poison fish during the month of June-July every year and the underground tuber of Aconitum ferrox is widely used in arrow poisoning to kill ferocious animals like bear, wild pigs, gaur and deer. The most frequently cited plant species; Buddleja asiatica and Hedyotis scandens
Fish Diversity of River Siyom of Arunachal Pradesh India: A Case Study  [PDF]
K. Bagra,D.N. Das
Our Nature , 2010, DOI: 10.3126/on.v8i1.4324
Abstract: Arunachal Pradesh being rich in fishery resources biophysically, the status of the fish diversity is not known from all the water bodies. A case study was undertaken in the river Siyom (28°11′25′′-28°10′52′′N and 94°45′17′′-97°47′51′′E) of West Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh from 2002 to 2004 with the fragmentary work till 2007. For the purpose, sampling of fish was done from the river time to time using local contraption along with modern nets. A total of 44 species of fishes belongs to 9 families were identified. Fishes of family Cyprinidae were found to be dominant followed by Balitoridae. Some of the fish species were found very rare in the river, which may be due to various anthropogenic factors. Therefore, in addition to social restriction on community fishing some awareness measures need to be taken to prevent the destructive fishing activities in the river. DOI: 10.3126/on.v8i1.4324
Ichthyological survey and review of the checklist of fish fauna of Arunachal Pradesh, India  [PDF]
Bagra, K.,Kadu, K.,Nebeshwar-Sharma, K.,Laskar, B. A.
Check List , 2009,
Abstract: One hundred thirty eight fish species were collected during a systematic survey of 35 rivers in Arunachal Pradesh state,India, in March 2004 to March 2008. Based on this survey and on literature review we developed a checklist with 213fish species for the state. We have added 43 species to the previous record of 170 species. This study confirmed theoccurrence of five new species described by previous investigations and encompasses the discovery of two new species,although the taxonomic status of 27 species is uncertain and requires additional study.
POKA-A TRADITIONAL RICE WINE OF THE GALO TRIBE OF ARUNACHAL PRADESH, INDIA
Bora S.S., Lahan J.P., Madhumita Barooah and Rupjyoti Sarmah
International Journal of Agriculture Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Arunachal Pradesh, the unique territory previously known as the North East Frontier Agency, is a mountainous region extending between the Brahmaputra Valley, whose eastern part it encloses like a horseshoe, Tibet to the north, Burma to the east, and Bhutan to the west. It is the home to 110 ethnic groups (sub-tribes) of great cultural diversity, but in many respects there is an overall uniformity. The Galo population estimated at 80,597 (2001 census) makes them the one of the most populous tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. Poka, a traditional rice wine plays an important role in the socio-cultural life of the Galo tribe of Arunachal Pradesh. It is consumed during most of the festive occasions and celebrations. This paper reports the traditional way of preparation of the wine with ethnobotanical observation.
Measurement of Attitude towards the Adoption of Back Yard Poultry Farming in Arunachal Pradesh  [cached]
M. Kanat,M. S Meena,P Sursh Kumar,V.K Choudhary
Journal of Agricultural Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jas.v4n3p131
Abstract: This study explored the farmers’ attitude towards back yard poultry farming and identified the factors associated with it. An attitude scale consisting of 12 items was developed and administered to 35 back yard poultry farmers of West Siang district in Arunachal Pradesh, India. The results revealed that were majority of the respondents were of medium age group and majority of them were literate and had middle and primary level of education and less number of respondents were illiterate, and had medium level of innovativeness. Almost an equal number of respondents practice agriculture as major occupation and lived in joint families. Most of the respondent had good contacts with the KVK’s personnel for receiving knowledge about new technology and interventions. When their attitude was assessed, majority belonged to 'favorable' category and among the independent variables 'family-type' had a negative value with attitude. Based on the findings, implications were drawn for the extension agencies to promote poultry farming as income generating venture in the tribal areas.
An assessment of abundance, habitat use and activity patterns of three sympatric pheasants in an Eastern Himalayan Lowland tropical Forest of Arunachal Pradesh, India  [PDF]
K. Muthamizh Selvan,Salvador Lyngdoh,Gopi Govindan Veeraswami,Bilal Habib
Asian Journal of Conservation Biology , 2013,
Abstract: Eastern Himalayan biodiversity hotspot is rich in pheasant diversity, as eleven of the seventeen pheasant species in India occur here. Despite the richness, these pheasants have been least studied in their natural habitats and their current population status, ecology and behavioural patterns are unknown. We estimated abundance, habitat use and activity pattern of three pheasants, i.e. Red Jungle Fowl Gallus gallus (RJF), Kalij Pheasant Lophura leucomelanos (KP) and Grey Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron bicalcaratum (GPP) in Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve, Arunachal Pradesh. Data collected from line transects and camera traps were used for estimating abundance, habitat use and activity patterns. Program Oriana 4.2 was used to determine the activity pattern of three species. Questionnaire survey was conducted around the protected area to determine the conservation threats for these species. Red jungle fowl had the highest density of 12.9 individuals/km2 and a photographic rate of 3.19/100 trap nights among all the pheasants. Shrub cover, litter cover and grass cover were positively associated (p<0.001) with pheasant detections, where as disturbance (p<0.001) was negatively correlated. 60% of habitat overlap was observed between KP and RJF. Dillenia indica dominated habitats were significantly correlated with pheasants detections (R=0.34, p<.0001). The mean activity of GPP, RJF and KP were 6.30 hrs ± 3.37 hrs, 7.49 hrs ± 0.14 hrs and 8.29 hrs ± 0.18 hrs respectively. Additional studies on current status of these species and management plans are critical for pheasant conservation in this critical biodiversity hotspot.
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