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Increasing Woody Species Diversity for Sustainable Limestone Quarry Reclamation in Canada  [PDF]
Anayansi C. Cohen-Fernandez,M. Anne Naeth
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5031340
Abstract: Environmental sustainability of post mined limestone quarries often requires reclamation to a diverse woody plant community. Woody species diversity may be severely limited if only nursery stock is relied on for propagation material; thus other sources must be evaluated. To address woody species establishment and survival from different propagule sources at a limestone quarry in western Canada, native trees (4) and shrubs (3) were seeded and transplanted into amended substrates (wood shavings, clean fill, unamended control) in two seasons (spring, fall). Plant sources were nursery stock, local forest wildlings, seeds and forest soil (LFH mineral soil mix). Plant emergence, survival, height, health and browsing were evaluated over four years. Survival was greater with fall transplanted seedlings than with spring transplanted. Survival was greater for Picea glauca, Pseudotsuga menziesii and Populus tremuloides from nursery than local source stock. Seedlings from seeds and LFH did not survive for any of the species. Growth and survival were affected by bighorn sheep. Amendments did not improve plant establishment. Diversity of the woody plant community was increased at the quarry in spite of the severe conditions.
Branko Bo?i?,Karlo Braun
Rudarsko-Geolo?ko-Naftni Zbornik , 1992,
Abstract: The optimalization of exploitation in Lakovi i limestone quarry is described. Based on determined discontinuities in the rock mass and their densities, the best possible working site have been located in order to obtain the best possible sizes of blasted rocks and work slope stability. Optimal lowest resistance line size for the quarry has been counted and proved experimentally. New blasting parameters have resulted in considerable saving of drilling and explosive.
Effects of Rock Mass Conditions and Blasting Standard on Fragmentation Size at Limestone Quarries  [PDF]
Takashi Sasaoka, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Wahyudi Sugeng, Akihiro Hamanaka, Hideki Shimada, Kikuo Matsui, Shiro Kubota
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2015.55030
Abstract: The size distribution of fragmented rocks depends on not only the blasting standard but also the mechanical properties, joint system and crack density of rock mass. As, especially, the cracks in the rock mass are heavily developed at the limestone quarries in Japan, the joints and/or cracks in the rock mass have big impacts on the blasting effects such as the size of fragmented rocks. Therefore, if the joint system and/or crack density in the rock mass can be known and evaluated in quantity, the blasting operation can be done more effectively, efficiency and safety. However, the guideline for designing the appropriate blasting standard based on the rock mass condition such as mechanical properties, joint system and/or distribution of cracks, discontinuities, from the scientific point of view, has not been developed yet. Therefore, a series of blasting tests had been conducted in different mines and faces, geological conditions and blasting standards in order to know the impacts of each factor on the blasting effects. This paper summarizes the results of blasting tests and describes the impacts of rock mass conditions and blasting standard on the size of fragmented rocks.
Natural recovery of different areas of a deserted quarry in South China

DUAN Wenjun,REN Hai,FU Shenglei,WANG Jun,YANG Long,ZHANG Jinping,

环境科学学报(英文版) , 2008,
Abstract: A quarry is a surface mining operated place, which produces enormous quantities of gravel, limestone, and other materials for industrial and construction applications. Restoration and revegetation of deserted quarries are becoming increasingly important. Three areas of a typical quarry in South China: terrace for crushed materials (terrace), spoiled mound, and remaining side slope, were investigated, to compare the existing plant species and to study the relationship between environmental factors and revegetation. The plant species composition of these three areas was found to differ significantly after eight years of natural recovery. The typical plant communities found over them were composed of gramineous herbs, fems, and shrubs. Soil organic matter, soil moisture, and soil bulk density were considered to be the major determining factors for vegetation succession. There existed abiotic and biotic thresholds during quarrying restoration. Suggestions had been presented that could have accelerated the process of natural recovery in quarries.
Structural-tectonic architecture of limestone quarry Gombasek on Ple ivec Plateau of Silica Nappe
Tibor Sasvári,Stanislav jun. Jacko,Julián Kondela
Acta Montanistica Slovaca , 2006,
Abstract: Investigation of bends, fold deformations, sigmoidal foliation trend as well as displacement of Silica Nappe surfaces revealed gradual evolution of Late Cretaceous tectonic movements in the limestone quarry Gombasek located on Ple ivec Plateau of Silica Nappe. Tertiary and recent tectonic changes resulted in extension, fault polishes of semiductile deformation, reactivation of tectonic structures, formation of horst and graben structures and extensional structures of karstification.
Assessment of Distribution and Composition of Quarry Mine Dust: Case of Pomona Stone Quarries, Harare  [PDF]
Emaculate Madungwe, Tinashe Mukonzvi
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2012.21007
Abstract: The study aimed at assessing the distribution and composition of dust produced at Pomona Stone Quarry mine in Harare, Zimbabwe. The source contribution to ambient PM2.5 and PM10 dust levels were quantified and their spatial distribution from the quarry to the receptor (community). The study also analysed the pH of soils around the mine, SiO2 and Al2O3 levels in quarry dust. Data was collected through direct observations, personal communications, experiments, soil and dust sampling and analyses. Dust sampling was done in January, April and August, to assess the effect of meteorological conditions on dust concentrations in two phases. Phase 1 was conducted during plant shut down (baseline measurements) while phase 2 was carried out during full plant operations (normal operating conditions), to assess the effect of quarry operations on the surrounding areas. Within the quarry production processes, crushing stage was the most dust emitting stage. Phase 1 dust results showed that both respirable (PM2.5) and inhalable (PM10) dust at all stages were below the legal limit, thus below 35 mg/m3 (respirable) and 180 mg/m3 (inhalable). Highest dust levels (209.9 mg/m3 inhalable and 69.01 mg/m3 respirable) were recorded in August, followed by April (206.9 mg/m3 inhalable and 67.52 mg/m3 respirable) then January (206.82 mg/m3 inhalable and 65.27 mg/m3 respirable). At all stages, highest dust concentrations for both parameters were recorded near the plant and decreased with increasing distance from the plant ( ranging from 209.9 mg/m3 - 19.41 mg/m3 inhalable and 69.01 mg/m3 - 14.23 mg/m3 respirable). This was attributed to the effect of particle size. August recorded the biggest area for both parameters falling within the non-permissible category, followed by April then January. The findings also revealed that the quarry dust contained higher levels of SiO2 (0.752 mg/cm3) which were 7 times higher than the recommended 0.1 mg/cm3 (NSSA). Low Al2O3 levels of 0.102 mg/cm3 were recorded and this was considered as environmentally safe. Soils were slightly acidic-alkaline and the t-test results at 95% confidence interval showed no significant difference between the results from site A and B (p = 0.526). It was concluded that quarry dust from Pomona had no significant effects on soil pH but possible health impacts
Sea urchin Amblypygus dilatatus from Lower Eocene limestone in the Gri a quarry in the Ri ana river valley, Western Slovenia  [PDF]
Vasja Miku?,Rajko Pavlovec
Geologija , 2004,
Abstract: In paper irregular sea urchins of species Amblypygus dilatatus Agassiz & Desor, 1847 and accompaying foraminifer remains are considered. All of them were found in Lower Eocene – Cuisian limestones in the Gri a quarry in the Ri ana river valley. This is the first find of this species of sea urchins in Slovenia. The age of limestone was determined with nummulitinas.
Assessment of toxic heavy metal loading in topsoil samples within the vicinity of a limestone quarry in South Western Nigeria
EU Etim, GU Adie
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Loading of Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, Co, Mn, Ni, Zn, and Fe in topsoil samples (TS) collected from the vicinity of limestone quarry in South Western Nigeria was investigated. Thirty TS were sampled within km radius from exploration area and 5 background samples from undeveloped area 10 km away from the study area. Limestone rock samples (RK) were also analyzed for metals’ content. All samples were pretreated and leached with appropriate acid solutions for some properties. All leachates were analyzed with atomic absorption spectrophotomer (AAS) technique. Soil pH ranged from 6.65 to 8.23, sand from 55.8 to 75.0%, silt from 16.6 to 34.6%, clay from 8.43 to 13.6%, and organic matter from 0.97 to 4.84%, respectively. These properties compared with those of background samples. Rock samples (RK) showed high Fe and Mn enrichment. Metals levels (mg/kg) in TS with background levels in parenthesis ranged as follows: 11.5 to 27.7 (10.5) Pb, 0.28 to 3.18 (0.55) Cd, 12.1 to 17.4 (5.50) Cr, 80.6 to 55.8 (3.81) Cu, 8.93 to 23.5 (11.1) Co, 262 to 710 (637) Mn, 6.34 to 17.4 (6.10) Ni, 36.0 to 620 (24.4) Zn, and 6585 to 13440 (4563) Fe. The elevated enrichment suggests influence from exploration activities. Residual phase showed highest enrichment for all metals possibly, because of high sand content. Positive correlations were shown between all metals, except Mn and Cd that were negative. Geoaccumulation index rating showed <0 for Mn denoting uncontamination, while others ranged from 1 to 2 indicating moderate contamination.
Syracuse Limestone: From the Past a Prospect for Contemporary Buildings  [PDF]
Alessia Giuffrida,Enrico Ciliberto
Geosciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/geosciences3020159
Abstract: The conservation of the historic stone heritage has great importance when this material characterizes the image of a city, as it happens in Syracuse (Sicily). Its historical buildings are afflicted by a heavy state of deterioration due to the particular microclimate, to pollution and to neglect endured over time. This article reports the investigations made on limestone samples from historic fa?ades of the city and from the neighboring quarries still in operation, in order to understand the petrographic typology, the reaction to the degradation over time, the possible maintenance and recovery interventions, and the correct applications in buildings of new construction. For this aim, bulk and surface analysis have been made both on the quarry materials and on the corresponding aged materials. It is therefore possible to define the types of rock most suitable for the use in contemporary architecture guaranteeing criteria of perfect biocompatibility. In this way a natural material can be employed in traditional and innovative uses and ensure both the sustainability of the interventions and the continuity of a consolidated tradition.
Erosion control blankets, organic amendments and site variability influenced the initial plant community at a limestone quarry in the Canadian Rocky Mountains  [PDF]
A. C. Cohen-Fernández,M. A. Naeth
Biogeosciences Discussions , 2013, DOI: 10.5194/bgd-10-3009-2013
Abstract: Season of seeding and soil amendment with manure mix, wood shavings and erosion control blankets were evaluated over two growing seasons to determine their effect on soil properties and native grass establishment at a Canadian limestone quarry and lime processing plant. Season (fall, spring) of soil amending and seeding did not significantly affect revegetation or soil properties. Site characteristics such as slope, aspect, initial soil nutrients and surrounding plant communities influenced early plant community development and overall effects of soil treatments. Erosion control blankets resulted in the highest seeded plant cover and the lowest non seeded plant cover despite not significantly changing soil chemical properties. Total nitrogen and carbon significantly increased establishment of seeded grasses and non seeded species. Increased nitrogen and carbon in the constructed soils were best achieved through addition of manure. Wood shavings did not favour establishment of vegetation and resulted in similar, and in some cases less, vegetation than controls. Assisted revegetation increased plant cover from < 6 to 50% and reduced cover of non seeded species. Amendments that modified both chemical and physical soil conditions were best to increase vegetation establishment in the harsh conditions of the quarry.
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