oalib
Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
Democracy And Development In Nigeria: Issues And Challenges
Igwe, Liga E.
International Journal of Economic Development Research and Investment , 2010,
Abstract: Since the attainment of flag independence in 1960, Nigeria has been embarking upon the gargantuan task of nation-building to launch the country into socio-economic security and prosperity. This has not been possible due to combined factors of long military dominance in power, poor economic planning and irresponsible democratic leadership. This article established a nexus between democracy and development and maintained that democracy had not been able to deliver the much anticipated development dividends. This paper asked two questions: is democracy merely the conduct of elections by hooks or crooks that lack international credibility? Or does democracy demonstrate the notion of popular power where the citizens would not be mere repository of power in the society but actually participate in everyday policies and authoritative allocation of values? This article answered these questions and posited that there should be organic linkage between democracy and development so as to enthrone a society of political and socio economic indicators of modernization and development.
Climate Change and Agricultural Development In Africa: Solutions And Challenges To Persistent Famine  [cached]
Josephine K. W. Ngaira,Morgan Musiambo
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2012,
Abstract: Global Warming is the biggest challenge facing humanity in the 21st century. While Scientists are busy modeling and predicting the pace and degree of future atmospheric interactions to warming, humanity has woken to the harsh reality that global warming today is caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions which must be halted with diligence in order to save the Planet Earth and its inhabitants from extinction. Africa whose lifeline is rain fed agriculture is one of the most vulnerable Continents to the impacts of climate change caused by her vulnerabilities which include; varying landscapes and climates, fragile agro-ecological zones, low natural resource base and social and political upheavals, all of which make it difficult to find common solutions that address climate change impacts. To come up with agricultural development, solutions and challenges facing Africa in the changing climate scenario; (i) the researcher attended workshops on “agricultural water and climate change” conducted by the World Bank in Kenya, (ii) analyzed researches on agriculture in a changing world in Rwanda, agro-pastoralists in Ethiopia, in Kenya and Tanzania and Climate data from “Drought Monitoring Center Nairobi ” 1996-2008, (iii) analyzed researches on “agriculture at crossroads in sub-Saharan Africa” and working papers on “adaptation action after Copenhagen” (iv) the researcher evaluated climate change and food security reports from ICRISAT, and (v) conducted research on “ climate change and sustainable livelihoods in Eastern Africa”. It was established that Africa is warming up very fast as evidenced in droughts, floods, sea level rise and increased temperatures, erratic rainfall patterns, and threatened agricultural systems in Sub-Saharan Africa. However, both the Scientific and local Community based adaptation and mitigation solutions including; green energy options, soil moisture conservation, rainwater harvesting , irrigation, poly cropping, greenhouse farming and indigenous dry land crop farming are being employed to counter the adverse climate change impacts at both local and country levels, though with complex challenges.
Mathematics education, democracy and development: Exploring connections  [cached]
Renuka Vithal
Pythagoras , 2012,
Abstract: Mathematics education and its links to democracy and development are explored in this article, with specific reference to the case of South Africa. This is done by engaging four key questions. Firstly, the question of whether mathematics education can be a preparation for democracy and include a concern for development, is discussed by drawing on conceptual tools of critical mathematics education and allied areas in a development context. Secondly, the question of how mathematics education is distributed in society and participates in shaping educational possibilities in addressing its development needs and goals is used to examine the issues emerging from mathematics performance in international studies and the national Grade 12 examination; the latter is explored specifically in respect of the South African mathematics curriculum reforms and teacher education challenges. Thirdly, the question of whether a mathematics classroom can be a space for democratic living and learning that equally recognises the importance of issues of development in contexts like South Africa, as a post-conflict society still healing from its apartheid wounds, continuing inequality and poverty, is explored through pedagogies of conflict, dialogue and forgiveness. Finally the question of whether democracy and development can have anything to do with mathematics content matters, is discussed by appropriating, as a metaphor, South Africa’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s framework of multiple ‘truths’, to seek links within and across the various forms and movements in mathematics and mathematics education that have emerged in the past few decades.
Mass Communication and Sustainable Political Development in Africa: A Review of the Literature  [cached]
Ephraim Okoro
Studies in Media and Communication , 2013, DOI: 10.11114/smc.v1i1.71
Abstract: With the globalization of economies over the past two decades, there has been an increasing surge in Africa for strategic political and economic relationships. Unfortunately, the political systems in the continent present serious challenges to the rest of the world as they view the countries in Africa as politically unstable and economically unsustainable. In recent years, Africa’s political process, especially the electoral system, has been discredited as incapable of supporting a viable democracy and political governance. Current trends in Africa’s political development efforts in the twenty-first century clearly indicate that to achieve and sustain democratic transformation in the entire continent, the role of the mass media, especially the new media, is critical in the production and dissemination of news and political reforms. This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the role of mass communication in the political development in contemporary Africa. It specifically examines the relationship between political systems and the media in Africa, probes the strategic role of new media in the quest for sustainability of the political process, and discusses media’s contributions in encouraging citizens’ participation in political governance. The paper concludes with recommendations for integrating the role of the mass media in achieving political development and stability in the continent of Africa.
Challenges of Economic Growth, Poverty and Development: Why Are the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) not Fair to Sub-Saharan Africa?  [cached]
Kanayo Ogujiuba,Fadila Jumare
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v5n12p52
Abstract: Sub-Saharan African countries report high levels of growth and GDP per capita and yet they are unable to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) such as quality education and health. The paper argued that GDP might not be sufficient for measuring development because the funds obtained may not necessarily be used to improve the quality of life of worse off communities. Even with a constituent level of GDP, the problem of poverty and underdevelopment is becoming more intractable in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper focused on the Challenges facing Sub-Saharan African countries in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). This was discussed after revealing growth in GDP and inequality trends in Sub-Saharan Africa. Using examples from countries like Nigeria, it is evident that many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa are unlikely to achieve their MDG targets due to persistence of poverty and other challenges such as corruption and mal-administration of funds. Moreover, the required growth to substantially reduce poverty is too high by international standards. The paper concluded by concurring with the view that redistribution of the growth increment of income is more likely to be effective in reducing poverty than growth in GDP alone. Therefore while growth in GDP may be prone to poverty reduction, it should be complemented with policies to ensure investment and broad participation, reduce violence, root out corruption and increase investment in infrastructure. The paper recommends that countries’ development strategies must take into consideration national realities in each country rather than adopting targets and policies from the western world.
DISCOVERY OF ICT FOR THE GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT IN SUB SAHARA AFRICA: UTILIZATION, ENLIGHTENMENT, EFFORTS AND CHALLENGES
Abimbola Basiru Owolabi
International Journal of Informatics and Communication Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.11591/ij-ict.v1i1.263
Abstract: This paper will actually focus on the issues relating to the growth and developmental challenges of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), literacy needs, enlightenment and absence of ICT devices for human development and lack of formal skilled approaches to the understanding and application of ICT in sub Sahara Africa. Several data on ICT efforts were collated from documented materials, literature, Journals, electronic and non electronic media and other sources to assist in this discussion; including historical and analytical reports on ICT in some Africa country like Nigeria, South Africa, Togo to mention but few relating to the impact, capacity building and citizenship participation on the ICT process. Recommendations for ICT policy improvement in the field of literacy, special education, formal and non-formal education for urban and rural dwellers in Africa nations were also provided.
Democracy and development in the age of globalisation
JC Mubangizi
Law, Democracy & Development , 2010,
Abstract: Globalisation is one of the leading characteristics of the world today – a world that is striving for development, democracy and the protection of human rights. There is no doubt that the relationship between globalisation and democracy is quite complex. So too is the relationship between globalisation and development. The impact of globalisation is perhaps more prominent on the African continent than elsewhere in the world. This is due to the unique circumstances and challenges that African countries have faced in the recent past and continue to face. Such challenges include poverty, hunger, armed conflicts, poor governance, crime, corruption, unemployment, low levels of education, lack of skills and resources, and the prevalence of diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Besides reflecting on the impact of globalisation on development and democracy, this article explores the tensions and contradictions that arise out of the relationship between these concepts. It also highlights the peculiar challenges that underlie and further complicate this relationship in African countries.
Culture and the Challenges of Development in Africa: Towards A Hybridization of Traditional and Modern Values
OB Akpomuvie
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: Development is a multi-dimensional process involving changes in structures, altitudes and institutions as well as the acceleration of economic growth, reduction of inequality and eradication of absolute poverty. However, the paper argues that the cultural dimension is a long-neglected aspect of development; the challenge, therefore, lies in fostering a synergistic development between science and technology and cultural values. What is essential is how to take culture into account both scientifically (methods and data) and practically. Because people do not commit themselves to a development undertaking unless that undertaking corresponds to their deeply felt needs, people should be able to derive the means and motivation for their development; the paper further stressed. This paper recommends a renaissance of applied cultural studies through the consolidation and generation of knowledge about (1) how cultural diversity affects what people do and want; (2) how cultural factor interact with other variables in the “production” of development, good or bad; and (3) how culture itself is affected by various kinds of development and other factors.
A New Generation of Leaders in Africa: What Issues Do They Face?  [cached]
John O. Igué
International Development Policy/Revue Internationale de Politique de Développement , 2010, DOI: 10.4000/poldev.139
Abstract: Africa is at a crossroads. It is now at the centre of development concerns that its leaders have been involved in for 50 years. These leaders are striving to find a happy outlet through which the black continent would be able play a role at the forefront of the world stage. A new generation of leaders has to be considered, who are capable of facing up to a number of challenges such as fragmentation of the region, history and knowledge, relaying the foundations of the post-colonial State, promotion of democracy and human rights and the implementation of new conditions for peace and freedom, the gauge of sustainable development. The ways in which these various challenges are tackled are crucial.
Common Behavior in the Practice of Democracy in Africa  [PDF]
Coulibaly Yacouba, Traore Sanibe Emmanuel
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2017.71002
Abstract: Africa is a vast continent with such a diverse and complex culture, which requires us to be careful in our language as we discuss and debate about the continent. Thus, the question of democracy in Africa is nowadays a debate that divides very schematically the political scientists. For instance, it is when it comes to the identification of the beginning of democratization in the continent, the description of the level of advancement in the democratic practice or even the nature of democracy that the differences arise. Although one thing remains undisputable: the practice of democracy in Africa suffers from many problems such as, misunderstanding, violence, problem of adaptation, multiple numbers of political party. Africa is a vast continent with such a diverse and complex culture, which requires us to be careful in our language as we discuss and debate about the continent. Thus, the question of democracy in Africa is nowadays a debate that divides very schematically the political scientists. For instance, it is when it comes to the identification of the beginning of democratization in the continent, the description of the level of advancement in the democratic practice or even the nature of democracy that the differences arise. However, one thing remains undisputable: the practice of democracy in Africa suffers from many problems such as, misunderstanding, violence, problem of adaptation, multiple numbers of political party.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.