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Research on the Rationality of Precision Poverty Alleviation  [PDF]
Yuyin Li
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.74027
Abstract: Precision poverty alleviation is the further deepening of poverty alleviation work and conforms to the theoretical logic of poverty alleviation. This dissertation explores the rationality of Precision poverty alleviation from three aspects: the connotation of Precision poverty alleviation, the internal logic of poverty alleviation, and the practical necessity of poverty alleviation.
Research on Experience Model of Precision Poverty Alleviation in S Village—Based on the Perspective of Policy Implementation Process Theory  [PDF]
Yingcong Su
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2019.127060
Abstract: Overcoming poverty is the top priority of the 13th Five-Year Plan and the key to achieving the first century-long goal of a well-off society in an all-round way. With the continuous advancement of poverty alleviation work in China, the poverty alleviation work has encountered various difficulties, such as “the scattered distribution of poor households, multiple causes of poverty, and inadequate poverty relief”, and the effectiveness of poverty alleviation has been weakened. Against this background, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important instructions on “targeted poverty alleviation” and successively introduced related policies on targeted poverty alleviation in the following years, opening a new chapter for China’s poverty alleviation. Based on the social background of the “China Highlights, World Model” poverty alleviation effect in Guangdong Province, this paper selects the “S Village in Qingyuan City” to carry out field research, elaborates the existing poverty alleviation projects in S Village, and uses Smith policy to perform theoretical analysis, and analyzes the reasons for its effectiveness. Through analysis, it is found that the reason for the outstanding effect of poverty alleviation in S Village is that the poverty alleviation subjects such as the village poverty alleviation task force made full use of poverty reduction policies support, faced the poor households who were desperate to get rid of poverty, accurately analyzed their causes of poverty, and adopted corresponding poverty alleviation measures to stimulate. The endogenous drive for poverty alleviation of poor households was achieved, and the goal of joint efforts for poverty alleviation was achieved. Finally, this article builds an effective and targeted poverty alleviation system based on the effectiveness of poverty alleviation in S Village. Targeting both sides of poverty alleviation is the foundation, achieving the precise supply and demand of poor households is the key, implementing the responsibility of both sides is fundamental, and using appropriate means of poverty alleviation is the guarantee.
Challenges of Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria
Ogunleye Olusesan Sola
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Poverty, a global phenomenon that is dynamic, complex and multi-dimensional is currently one of the most serious problems in the world. In view of the above, efforts are being made at the levels of government, the organized private sector, international donor agencies and NGOs to alleviate poverty so that man can live a meaningful life on the earth space. Despite various strategies employed by successive government and other agencies at alleviating poverty in Nigeria, the scourge seems unbolting as a result of lack of seriousness on the part of government, lack of reliable population figures as benchmark for planning, corruption and neglect among others. The study recommends conducting a reliable and acceptable census, back to the land policy, transparency and elimination of corruption among others for sustainable poverty alleviation in Nigeria.
Determinants for Tourism and Poverty Alleviation
Lima,Susana; Eusébio,Celeste; Partidário,Maria do Rosário;
Tourism & Management Studies , 2011,
Abstract: in the last decade, commitment to tourism as a development strategy for the developing world has gained a renewed interest by governments and development organizations in the fulfillment of the millennium development goals. this was established as a major priority by donors, governments, ngos, national and international tourism bodies, bilateral and multilateral institutions, like the united nations world tourism organization (unwto). the purpose of this paper is to identify the main determinants that should be integrated in the international cooperation for development programs that use tourism as a tool for poverty alleviation. by way of a case study it is analyzed the role played by the unwto.volunteers program in this context examining if it integrates the determinants previously identified in the literature review. to accomplish the research objectives, data collection included: documental analysis, participant observation, and semi-structured interviews with unwto participants. while no evidences exist yet due to the recent implementation of the unwto.volunteers, the findings suggest that if these programs manage to have a positive influence on all, or at least in some of the dimensions, then it is possible that it responds to some of the main determinants for poverty alleviation in order to reinforce the local communities capacity-building.
Towards Sustainable Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria
OS Ogunleye
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: Poverty, a global issue that is complex and multi-dimensional is one of the most dangerous diseases ravaging mankind. The quality of life one lives is greatly tied to whether he is poor or not, as such, government at all levels in Nigeria have on various occasions attempted to roll out programmes that can alleviate poverty. Despite these attempts, the scourge seems unbolting as a result of the negative role of globalization in the economy of Nigeria, disparities in peoples income, gender imbalance as far as access to economic resources is concerned, disparities in access to health and education, macroeconomic mis-management on the part of successive government, corruption, neglect of agriculture among others. The study recommends investment in infrastructure, involvement of the people at the grassroot in the design, implementation, monitoring of poverty alleviation programmes, introduction of social grants like old age, child support, disability, unemployment etc, end to privatization of state functions, enhanced probity and accountability and reformation of the polity for sustainable poverty alleviation in Nigeria.
Information and Communication Technologies and Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries : the Case of Sub Saharan Africa countries
Lot Tcheeko,Marcellin Ndong Ntah
Journal of Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics , 2006,
Abstract: There is a growing interest in using Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) to support poverty reduction efforts and strategies in the framework of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). These interest ended up revealing how much the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) of many african nations have underestimated the importance of ICTs as a development tool. The fact that so little was mentionned about the use of ICTs for poverty alleviation and creation of employment highlighted the confusion, and uncertainty of decision makers. At the country level, ICT is still to be effectively integrated into national poverty alleviation and development strategies. The question then is how ICTs can help achieve those objectives. How can ICTs be used as tools to fight against poverty? Poverty is widely recognized as multidimensional, encompassing food security, health, education, rights, security and dignity, amongst others as stressed by Bachelor and al in a model showing the intricate linkages between ICTs and most PRSP goals. The link between ICTs and poverty reduction strategy is therefore not that obvious. Although, researchers and development partners involved in poverty alleviation recognize more easily the linkage between ICT and poverty reduction strategies. In any case, it is a prerequisite to have a conducive environment and country readiness for ICTs implementation. Unfortunately, in many Sub-Saharan Africa countries, there is not yet a clear and effective policy and strategy for the use of ICT.
Poverty Alleviation: A Buddhist Perspective
Peter D. Hershock
Journal of Bhutan Studies , 2004,
Abstract: Poverty cries out for attention, so powerfully and soinsistently, that to ignore it would seem unthinkable. Andindeed, poverty alleviation figures prominently on virtuallyevery governmental, non-governmental, and intergovernmentalagenda. But in spite of this, poverty persists,and, depending on which measures are used, can bedocumented as both spreading and deepening.The generic answer to the problem of poverty has beendevelopment. Although its broadest connotation is simplythat of expanding or realizing potential, development has overthe past half century come to mean primarily the expansionof economic potential and secondarily the realization of social,cultural, and political potentials. But after five decades ofsteady, and at times extremely rapid, growth of economicactivity and development initiatives, poverty has not beeneliminated and the degree to which it has been alleviated inglobal terms is very much open to contest.For example, the United Nations Development Program(UNDP) estimated in its 2000 Global Development Report that2.8 billion people now live on less than $2 per day—a level ofincome that is marginally adequate for meeting basicsubsistence levels of nutrition, clothing, shelter, medical care,and education. Roughly 1.2 billion live at less than $1 perday—an income level that is generally used to benchmark“absolute poverty.” These figures are distressing: roughly 45%of the global population is barely able to meet its basicsubsistence needs; roughly 20% live in such abject conditionsthat they have no possibility of living minimally dignified lives.But the global situation may, in actuality, be much more dire.Statistics like those just cited can misleadingly suggest that poverty has been effectively eliminated in developed countriesand that great progress has been made in rapidly developingcountries like China where the percentage of the populationliving on less than $1 per day has dropped from roughly 45%to less than 16% over the past thirty years. According to USCensus Bureau estimates, however, roughly 20% of allAmerican children and 13% of the general population live inpoverty. And perhaps more tellingly, 35% of the populationwill drop below the poverty line for some period of time in thecourse of any given year—an indication of the precariousnature of basic economic security in what is broadly regardedas the most wealthy country in the world.The light shed by such statistics on the correlation betweeneconomic development and poverty alleviation has beeninterpreted in a variety of ways. But what they makeundeniably manifest is the fact t
The Study on Migration and Poverty Alleviation Planning of Daning County  [PDF]
Yanyun Wei, Aiguo Zhang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.44019
Abstract: In order to promote the economic development of Daning County and guarantee the people’s livelihood, this paper made an overall analysis on progress of migration and poverty alleviation in the past five years. At the same time, considering the existing problems, the paper made a plan to advance migration and poverty alleviation of the next few years and provided a reference for the migration and poverty alleviation work of Daning County in the Thirteenth Five-Year Plan period. This paper selected the relocated families as the research object, interviewed and surveyed six administrative villages under the migration and poverty alleviation policy, and collected relevant information and data. Besides, the authors read a lot of literatures and used many analysis methods such as field investigation, literature analysis, case analysis and reference contrast to study the advances, benefits, existing problems and choke points of migration and poverty alleviation work in Daning County. Finally, the paper made a brief plan on the migration and poverty alleviation work in Daning County of the next few years.
Impact of Microfinance: Towards Achieving Poverty Alleviation?
Bentul Mawa
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Poverty is a threat to peace and results in denial of all human rights. Microfinance spread across the globe as a means to alleviate poverty in the early seventies, invented by Bangladeshi Economist Professor Muhammad Yunus. Despite its significant contribution to help the poor worldwide, the impact of microfinance in alleviating poverty is always in question. To evaluate this prevailing issue, this study explores the linkage between microfinance and poverty alleviation and also examines the impact of microfinance on poverty alleviation. Drawing on an empirical case study, this study examines how far microfinance institution plays important role in alleviating poverty in Bangladesh. Though there are some problems regarding its operation, based on our research findings, the study concludes that microfinance can make meaningful contribution to alleviate poverty for rural people. The study also suggests that this organization needs to look more seriously at the diversified needs of the poor people and target the extremely poor.
Study on the Sustainable Development of Targeted Poverty Alleviation through Financial Support  [PDF]
Lixia Huang, Shanshan Yang
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2018.61009
Abstract:
The 13th five-year plan proposed that rural poor people in China’s current standards will lift out of poverty by 2020, and all the poor counties were lifted out of poverty, addressing regional overall poverty. Since then, China’s poverty alleviation work has been fought in an all-round way. Targeted poverty alleviation is the mode of poverty alleviation that applies scientific and effective procedures to implement precise identification, accurate help, and precise management, aiming at different poverty-stricken farmers and different poverty- stricken areas. Firstly, this paper studies the problems that are prevalent in the process of promoting financial support for targeted poverty alleviation in China, takes Hebei province as an example to analyze the current situation of financial precision poverty alleviation, proposes to vigorously develop inclusive finance in poor areas, and advocates that financial institutions work closely with government departments to improve the effectiveness of anti- poverty work and establish and improve the risk diversification compensation mechanism to promote the sustainable development of financial poverty, as a result to effectively promote the process of targeted poverty alleviation and to achieve the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects by 2020.
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