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Chinese version of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey: cross-cultural instrument adaptation
Ping-Ling Chen, Hung-Yi Chiou, Yi-Hua Chen
BMC Public Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-144
Abstract: The original English GYTS was translated and back translated using a cross-cultural adaptation process. The comprehensiveness and feasibility of using the Chinese-version GYTS were reviewed by a panel of 6 tobacco-control experts. The understandability and cultural relevance of the Chinese-version GYTS were discussed in a focus group of 5 schoolteachers and 8 students. The expert and focus group feedback was incorporated into a final Chinese version of the GYTS, which was administered to 382 students throughout Taiwan by multi-stage sampling from 10 randomly selected schools.The internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) for the GYTS subscales (smoking susceptibility, attitude toward smoking, and media messages about smoking) ranged from 0.70 to 0.94. The internal logical agreement of responses ranged from 85.3 to 99.2%.The Chinese version of the GYTS has good reliability and validity and can serve as the foundation for international comparison and tobacco control in Chinese-speaking communities.Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature morbidity and mortality among men and women [1,2]. To address this issue, the World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control urged its member nations to install national smoking surveillance systems [3]. These systems would serve as a basic infrastructure to understand the effects of activities that promote tobacco use, identify high-risk groups and service needs, build support for comprehensive policies and programs, evaluate tobacco control interventions, make cross-country comparisons, and direct future tobacco-related research [3].Due to a trend of shifting the geography of smoking from developed to developing countries, almost half (46.8%) of adult men and 4% of adult women in Taiwan are smokers, resulting in over 18,000 deaths from tobacco-related diseases each year [4]. Tobacco control in Taiwan faced several challenges in 1987, as in other Asian countries, due to opening the tobacco market to
Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of a Brazilian version of an instrument to assess impairments related to oral functioning of people with Down syndrome
Bonanato Karina,Pordeus Isabela A,Compart Thiago,Oliveira Ana Cristina
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-4
Abstract: Background An instrument was developed in Canada to assess impairments related to oral functioning of individuals with four years of age or older with Down syndrome (DS). The present study attempted to carry out the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the instrument for the Brazilian Portuguese language and to test its reliability and validity. Findings After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, the instrument was tested on caregivers of people with DS. Clinical examination for malocclusion was carried out in people with DS by two calibrated examiners. Inter and Intra examiner agreement was assessed by Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) and ranged from 0.92 to 0.97 respectively. Total of 157 people with DS and their caregivers were able to compose the sample. They were selected from eight institutions for people with DS in five cities of southeastern Brazil. The mean age of people with DS was 20.7 [±13.1] and for caregivers was 53.1 [±13.7]. The mean instrument score was 18.6 [±9.0]. Internal reliability ranged from 0.49 to 0.80 and external reliability ranged from 0.78 to 0.88. Construct validity was verified by significant correlations identified between malocclusion and the total instrument; and caregivers’ educational level and the instrument (p<0.05). Discriminant validity was proved as the instrument presented different mean comparing people with DS and non-DS (p<0.05). Conclusions Initial validity tests indicated that the instrument related to the oral health for people with DS may be a valid instrument to this segment of the population in Brazil.
Adapta o cultural e confiabilidade para o Brasil do Automated Telephone Disease Management: resultados preliminares Adaptación cultural y confiabilidad para el Brasil del Automated Telephone Disease Management: resultados preliminares Cultural adaptation and reliability for Brazil of the Automated Telephone Disease Management: Preliminary results  [cached]
Talita Balaminut,Camila Aparecida Pinheiro Landim,Tania Alves Canata Becker,Ellen Cristina Barbosa dos Santos
Acta Paulista de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: Traduzir, adaptar culturalmente para o Brasil o ATDM Satisfaction Scales e avaliar a confiabilidade da vers o adaptada em adultos brasileiros com DM. MéTODOS: Estudo metodológico, cujo processo de adapta o cultural incluiu: tradu o, comitê de juízes, retrotradu o, análise semantica e pré-teste. Este estudo incluiu uma amostra de 39 adultos brasileiros com DM cadastrados em um programa educativo do interior paulista. RESULTADOS: A vers o adaptada do instrumento mostrou boa aceita o com fácil compreens o dos itens pelos participantes, com confiabilidade variando entre 0,30 e 0,43. CONCLUS O: Após a análise das propriedades psicométricas e finaliza o do processo de valida o no País, o instrumento poderá ser utilizado por pesquisadores brasileiros, possibilitando ser comparado com outras culturas. OBJETIVOS: Traducir, adaptar culturalmente para el Brasil el ATDM Satisfaction Scales y evaluar la confiabilidad de la versión adaptada en adultos brasileros con DM. MéTODOS: Estudio metodológico, cuyo proceso de adaptación cultural incluyó: traducción, comité de jueces, retrotraducción, análisis semántica y pre-test.Este estudio incluyó una muestra de 39 adultos brasileros con DM registrados en un programa educativo del interior paulista. RESULTADOS: La versión adaptada del instrumento mostró buena aceptación con fácil comprensión de los items por los participantes, con confiabilidad variando entre 0,30 y 0,43. CONCLUSIóN: Después del análisis de las propiedades psicométricas y finalización del proceso de validación en el País, el instrumento podrá ser utilizado por investigadores brasileros, posibilitando su comparación con otras culturas. OBJECTIVES: To translate, culturally adapt for Brazil the Automated Telephone Disease Management (ATDM) Satisfaction Scales and evaluate the reliability of the adapted version in Brazilian adults with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: A methodological study whose cultural adaptation process included: translation, expert committee, back translation, semantic analysis and pretesting. This study included a sample of 39 Brazilian adults with DM enrolled in an educational program in S o Paulo. RESULTS: The adapted version of the instrument showed good acceptance with easy comprehension of the items by the participants, with reliability ranging between 0.30 and 0.43. CONCLUSION: After analyzing the psychometric properties and finalizing the validation process in the country, the instrument can be used by Brazilian researchers, making it possible to compare with other cultures.
The CD39-Adenosinergic Axis in the Pathogenesis of Immune and Nonimmune Diabetes
Joanne S. J. Chia,Jennifer L. McRae,Peter J. Cowan,Karen M. Dwyer
Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/320495
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus encompasses two distinct disease processes: autoimmune Type 1 (T1D) and nonimmune Type 2 (T2D) diabetes. Despite the disparate aetiologies, the disease phenotype of hyperglycemia and the associated complications are similar. In this paper, we discuss the role of the CD39-adenosinergic axis in the pathogenesis of both T1D and T2D, with particular emphasis on the role of CD39 and CD73.
Adaptation and Validity of the Spanish Version of the Emotional Style Questionnaire  [PDF]
Leticia Guarino
Universitas Psychologica , 2011,
Abstract: The present paper reports the results of the Spanish adaptation and va- lidation of the Emotional Style Questionnaire conducted with a sample of Venezuelan university students. The original 56 items scale (Roger & Najarian, 1989; Roger & Nesshoever, 1987) measured four dimensions of emotional styles: rumination, emotional inhibition, aggresion control and benign control. However, based on the resivion of the scales, Roger, Guarino and Olason (2000) propused a shorter version of 39 items, where only the rumination and emotional inhibition scales were maintained. The Spanish version of this scale, jointly with other personality questionnaires and health vmeasures, was administered to a sample of 419 Venezuelan university students and results showed the structure of the scale to be nearly identical to the English version, with adequate internal consistency. The concurrent and predictive validation study supports the theoretical structure for each dimension.
Instrumentos de avalia??o de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde no diabetes melito
Aguiar, Carlos Clayton Torres;Vieira, Anya Pimentel G. Fernandes;Carvalho, André Ferrer;Montenegro-Junior, Renan M.;
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27302008000600004
Abstract: the assessment of health-related quality of life (hrqol) has been increasingly used to measure the overall impact of diseases in people's life. diabetes mellitus (dm) is a chronic disease associated with high morbidity, mortality, and hrqol impairment in patients. in longitudinal studies, the psychosocial impact of dm predicts mortality. the objective of this review is to describe and to analyze the main instruments used for the hrqol evaluation in patients with dm. generic instruments such, as the quality of well-being scale (qwb), medical outcomes study 36-item short-form health survey (sf-36), euroqol (eq-5d) and specific instruments as the diabetes care profile (dcp), diabetes quality of life measure (dqol), diabetes impact measurement scales (dims), appraisal of diabetes scale (ads), audit of diabetes-dependent quality of life (addqol), diabetes health profile (dhp-1 and dhp-18), questionnaire on stress in patients with diabetes-revised (qsd-r), well-being enquiry goes diabetics (wed), diabetes-specific quality-of-life scale (dsqols), diabetes 39 (d-39) problems areas in diabetes (paid) were analyzed. paid is the only translated and validated instrument available in brazil. the generic and specific instruments have their stregths and shortcomings for evaluation of hrql in patients with dm. the combined use of both generic (such as the sf-36) and specific (such as the paid) appears to be a consistent way to evaluate hrqol as a construct in brazilian patients with dm. the present article reviews a variety of instruments and emphasizes the urgent need for validation studies of such instruments to be used in brazilian subjects with dm.
Greek version of MVQOLI - 15: Translation and cultural adaptation
Paraskevi Theofilou,Fotis Kapsalis,Helen Panagiotaki
International Journal of Caring Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: The Missoula-Vitas Quality-of-Life Index (MVQOLI) is a unique tool specifically designed to measure quality of life (QOL) in advanced illness in a palliative care setting.Objective: The objective of this study was to translate and make the cultural adaptation of the Greek version of the MVQOLI-15R.Methodology: The study counted with a sample of 10 patients undergoing in - centre haemodialysis. The process involved the following steps of translation back translation and semantic evaluation.Results: The former revealed good acceptance of the translated version of the instrument, which participants considered having items of easy understanding.Conclusions: After completing the process of validation in the country, the instrument will become available to Greek researchers to measure health-related quality of life, as well as to compare results from Greece to that of other cultures in which the instrument has already been validated.
Validation of the Turkish Version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes Scale  [PDF]
Elisabeth M. J. Huis In ‘T Veld,Ceylan Makine,Arie Nouwen,?a?atay Kar??da?,Pinar Kad?o?lu,Kubilay Kar??da?,Fran?ois Pouwer
Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/315068
Abstract: The Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale is a widely used self-report measure that can facilitate detection of diabetes-specific emotional distress in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to assess the factor structure and validity of the Turkish version of the PAID. A validation study was conducted among 154 patients with insulin-na?ve type 2 diabetes. Participants completed the PAID, Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Insulin Treatment Appraisal Scale (ITAS), and World Health Organization-Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) questionnaires. Exploratory factor analyses yielded a 2-factor structure, identifying a 15-item “diabetes distress” factor and a 5-item “support-related issues” factor. The total PAID-score and the two dimensions were associated with higher levels of depression and poor emotional well-being. In the present study, the Turkish version of the PAID had satisfactory psychometric properties, however, the factorial structure was found to differ from factor solutions from other countries. 1. Introduction Type 2 diabetes is an increasingly common, often burdensome illness. People living with type 2 diabetes not only have a chronic condition to cope with, but they are also faced with the presence and/or the prospect of serious complications [1]. The fact that living with diabetes often confronts patients with diabetes-specific stressors may explain the recent findings of Ali et al. [2], who found that depression is up to four times more likely in patients with type 2 diabetes compared to a general population. In depressed diabetes patients, increased levels of diabetes-specific emotional distress were found [3, 4]. Furthermore, diabetes-specific stressors were found to be associated with less adequate self-care and impaired glycemic control [5, 6]. However, the recognition rates of high levels of diabetes-specific emotional distress appeared to be low [7]. Therefore, it seems important that diabetes health care providers and diabetes researchers have access to instruments that can assess disease-specific emotional distress in a valid and reliable way. One widely used instrument is the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale. The PAID is a 20-item self-report survey that assesses a range of emotional problems related to having type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Previous research has shown that the PAID is a clinically relevant and psychometrically sound instrument [8, 9]. Higher PAID scores were associated with lower levels of adherence to treatment and with higher levels of depression and H B A 1 c [10, 11]. The PAID has
Detection of Undiagnosed Prediabetes and Diabetes in Dental Patients: A Proposal of a Dental-Office-Friendly Diabetes Screening Tool  [PDF]
Susan Maples, Saleh Aldasouqi, Randie Little, Heather Baughman, Monica Joshi, Rama Salhi
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2016.61004
Abstract: Objective: This study was designed to develop a dental-office-friendly diabetes self-screening tool for diabetes mellitus (DM) and prediabetes (PreDM). Methods: Consecutive dental patients, aged 18 years or older, without history of DM or PreDM, completed a 14-question questionnaire without assistance. They subsequently underwent onsite finger-sticks for capillary blood collection for glycohemoglobin (A1c) measurement. Results: Of the total 500 patients who completed the study, 302 were women (60.4%) and 198 were men (39.6%), with a collective mean age of 47.8 (±16.8) years old. The prevalence of PreDM and DM was 19.2% and 1.2%, respectively. Predictors of PreDM or DM included age, >10% above ideal body weight, waist size above 40” for men or 35” for women, reported hypertension, reported abnormal lipids, tingling of hands or feet, and visual symptoms or conditions (blurring, cataracts, glaucoma). Conclusions: This study introduces a newly developed, user-friendly, PreDM and DM self-screening tool, abbreviated as DiDDO (Diabetes detection in the dental office). This screening tool requires no body weighing or BMI calculation (undesirable by dentists) nor laboratory tests or blood pressure measurement, allowing dentists to identify patients at moderate and high risk for DM/PreDM, and perform (or refer for) diagnostic A1c testing. This dental-office-friendly self-screening tool is proposed for validation in other dental populations.
Adaptación y validación del instrumento de calidad de vida Diabetes 39 en pacientes mexicanos con diabetes mellitus tipo 2
López-Carmona,Juan Manuel; Rodríguez-Moctezuma,Raymundo;
Salud Pública de México , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342006000300004
Abstract: objective:to adapt and validate the spanish language version of the diabetes 39 instrument, which measures quality of life, for mexican patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (dm-2) materials and methods: the spanish language version of the instrument was adapted to make it more comprehensible to mexican patients. in a cross-sectional survey, the instrument was administered on two different days to 260 patients with type dm-2. glycated hemoglobin (hba1c), total cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, body mass index and waist/hip ratio were measured. information about age, sex, time since diagnosis of diabetes, diabetes related complications and comorbidity was obtained results: a total of 249 subjects completed the study, 62.7% of which were women. cronbach's a coefficient was >0.80 for the domains and 0.95 for the total score. the test-retest consistency for the total score was r= 0.82, p= 0.01. the median of the total score was 29 (on a scale of 0-100), which was considered the cutoff value for defining "better" (<29) and "worse" (>29) quality of life. a worse quality of life was associated with diabetes related complications >1 (or= 1.73; ic95% 1.05-3.06); total cholesterol >240 mg/dl (or= 4.43; ic95% 1.23-16.26); comorbidity >2 diseases (or= 2.36; ic95% 1.31-4.28); diabetes longer than 10 years (or= 2.19; ic95% 1.2-3.78), and hba1c >8% (or= 1.81; ic95% 1.09-2.99). the last three were identified as predictor variables for worse quality of life by logistic regression (p< 0.05) conclusions: the adapted spanish language version of diabetes 39 is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the quality of life of mexican patients with dm-2.
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