Apr 28, 2023Open Access
Na Ri is the mountainous district in the Eastern of BacKan province, where agriculture sector remains the main contributor to the income of farmer. However, the income sources of farmers often depend on the instability prices of output agricultural products; which leads to near-poor farmers being vulnerable to falling back into poverty under the impact of this risk. By using survey data from 287 households, this study analyzed the factors affecting the income of farming households in Na Ri distr...
Apr 19, 2023Open Access
Tea production is one of the main sources of household income in south-western Uganda and contributes to foreign exchange earnings of the country. Tea production is dominated by small-scale farmers who supply fresh tea leaves to processing plants. The government of Uganda has been promoting tea production in traditional tea districts and expanding its production in new areas in effort to alleviate rural household poverty. The objective of this study was to assess tea production trends and the po...
Dec 31, 2022Open Access
Monoculture is a highly productive cropping system in temperate zones, but ineffective under tropical conditions due to the rapid loss of nutrients from the soil and high competition between weeds and crops. It is an urgent task to test new technological and productive models more appropriate for small peasant farmers in the tropics of Mexico. This work aimed to assess a new agroforestry model proposed by researchers and local farmers as an alternative to improve the Production of Family Units (...
Dec 30, 2022Open Access
L., also known as cowpea bean or x’pelon bean (Mayan term), is an important legume mainly consumed as dry grains, although it is also used in the form of immature pods rich in protein, vitamins, fiber, minerals, and antioxidants. It is an excellent source of protein (23% to 25%). It contains all the essential amino acids, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, and a large amount of dietary fiber, low in fat and cholesterol-free. In addition, it is considered a resilient ...
Dec 09, 2022Open Access
In Mexico, various strategic programs and technological management packages have been implemented to promote the coconut value chain. Those strategies are related to the introduction of new promising coconut germplasm. However, a successful genetic program is only possible if the nutritional conditions of the materials are properly known to support a fertilization strategy. The objective of this work was to diagnose the nutritional condition of soils and plants of different Coconut (Cocos nuc
Nov 30, 2022Open Access
Herbicides play a major role in any crop as they are an essential part of the inputs used by farmers to control weeds. However, their excessive and continuous use can induce human health and environmental problems; the risk of provoking weed resistance to herbicides is also a potential problem. The objective of this work was to evaluate different commercial herbicides on the control of weeds present in a habanero pepper crop and their phytotoxic effect on crop development. The experiment was car...
Nov 08, 2022Open Access
The productivity of coconut in Guerrero, Mexico has decreased substantially. The experts recommended a diagnosis of the soil fertility before launching a sound reforestation program. The introduction of Green Dwarf Coconut (GDC) due to its high productivity was suggested; however, nitrogen (N) was of higher interest since GDC is a highly demanding material. In this work, the contents, in parts per million (ppm), of nitrogen (N) as nitrate (N-NO3
) as well as its chemical variability (C...
Oct 20, 2022Open Access
This work was carried out in the state of Yucatan, Mexico in El Zapotal
reservation area. Corn is the main crop of the area cultivated in the Milpa Maya where shifting cultivation, based on the ancient slash-and-burn system, continues to be practiced by small farmers. Even though, the National Institute for Forestry, Agricultural and Livestock Research (INIFAP) has different technological components to be applied, the regionalized scope of these results has never been evaluated. The objec...
Sep 21, 2022Open Access
The holding tube and heat exchangers are the most significant components in High-Temperature-Short-Time (HTST) pasteurization processes as they ensure that the system adheres to the set temperature and time conditions. The purpose of this study was to visualize the temperature and flow behavior in heat exchangers and the holding tube of the continuous pasteurizer. The pasteurizer consists of three heat exchangers (heating, regeneration, and cooling section) operating on a counter-current flow sy...
Aug 19, 2022Open Access
The availability of pedogenic information and proper classification of soils is the right step and key in the fight against poor outputs of crop production. The soils of the university of Cape Coast research field in Twifo Wamaso were fully characterized along a toposequence and classified according to soil taxonomy and the WRB legend to assess the influence of topography on soil development. The morphology and the physicochemical properties of five pedons located at the upper. Shoulder, middle,...