OALib Journal
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May 28, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Screening and Safety Evaluation of Herbicides in Oat Field

Weimin Song, Liangzhi Guo, Hua Weng, Liang Cheng, Youhai Wei
In order to screen safe and efficient herbicide varieties and combinations suitable for oat field use, field plot experiment method was used to spray stems and leaves from 3 to 5 leaf stages of oat. The results showed that the control effects of single-dose treatment of 45.9% difluoro-dioctyl SC 450 mL/hm2 and 20% tribenuron-chlorofluoropyroxyacetic acid WP 900 g/hm2 on weeds in oat fields were all above 80%, herbicides 10% tribenuron-methyl WP 150 g/hm2, 42% 2-m...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107462


May 26, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Effect of Feeding Graded Levels of Acid Soaked Cajanus cajan Seed on Carcass Characteristics and Organ Weight Changes of Broiler Finisher

H. O. Amusa, S. D. Ogungbenro, T. D. Makanju, O. O. Okunlola, T. M. Adeoti, T. A. Oseni, I. A. Adebisi, F. L. Amusa
A total of (90) day old broilers were used for the study to determine the carcass characteristics and organ weight changes of broiler finisher fed graded levels of acid soaked Cajanus cajan seed meal diet. The birds were randomly assigned into 3 dietary treatments of 30 birds consisting of 3 replicates of (10) birds per replicates in a completely randomized design experiment. The seeds used were purchased from Towobowo market in Igboora. The raw pigeon pea seeds were pre-treated by soakin...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107072


May 14, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Improved Groundnut Performance under Natural Field Leaf Spot and Rosette Mosaic Virus Infections in the South Western Agro-Ecological Zone of Uganda

Peace Kankwatsa, Laban Turyagyenda, Maggiore Kyomugisha, K. D. Okello
For farmers to satisfy the food, nutrition and income demands on groundnut in the South Western Agro-Ecological Zone (SWAEZ), the accessibility, and adaptability of economically viable and high performing varietal and non-varietal technologies must increase to enhance production. Field experiments to evaluate the agronomic performance of advanced lines of improved nine AGRA red, nine Spanish and six Serenut varieties were concurrently carried out on-station at the Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Rese...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107200


Mar 31, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Pathological Survey on Early Leaf Blight of Tomato and In Vitro Effect of Culture Media, Temperature and pH on Growth and Sporulation of Alternaria solani

I. Parvin, C. Mondal, S. Sultana, N. Sultana, F. M. Aminuzzaman
Alternaria solani causing early blight of tomato is a serious disease, causing 50% to 86% losses in fruit yield and 20% to 40% losses in seedling establishment. Pathological survey, etiology and physiological characterization of the causal organism are necessary to formulate effective management strategy. Therefore, present study was conducted to determine the incidence and severity of early leaf blight of tomato in some selected area of Bangladesh and to evaluate the effect of different ...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107219


Mar 31, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Simulation of Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) Attacks and the Compensative Response of Quality Protein Maize (Zea mays, var. Mudishi-1 and Mudishi-3) in Southwestern DR Congo

Jean Pierre Kabongo Tshaibukole, Gertrude Pongi Khonde, André Matondo Phongo, Nlandu Ngoma, Amand Mbuya Kankolongo, Roger Kizungu Vumilia, Antoine Mumba Djamba
In this paper, to assess the varietal ability to compensate defoliation damage caused by the fall armyworm, a trial was carried out at the INERA Mvuazi research center. The aim of this study was to determine the limit threshold of damage that could cause the significant loss of the harvest of the quality protein maize distributed in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. To do this, three factors including two varieties (Mudishi-1 and Mudishi-3) of quality protein maize, four rating damage and tw...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1107217


Mar 05, 2021Open    AccessArticle

Nutrient Composition, Antioxidant Components and Ascorbic Acid Content Response of Pepper Fruit (Capsicum annuum L.) Cultivars Grown under Salt Stress

Hand Mathias Julien, Nono Giles Vivien, Tonfack Libert Brice, Taffouo Victor Désiré, Youmbi Emmanuel
Salinity stress occurs due to the accumulation of high levels of salts in soil, which ultimately leads to the impairment of plant growth and crop loss. Stress tolerance-inducing compounds have a remarkable ability to improve growth and minimize the effects of salinity stress without negatively affecting the environment by controlling the activities in plants. The pots were arranged in a complete randomized design with one plant per pot and four replicates per treatment and carried out in 2017 an...
Open Access Library J. Vol.8, 2021
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106830


Dec 29, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Agronomic Assessment of Upland Rice Varieties under Unpredictable Rains in the Semi-Arid Conditions of South-Western Agro-Ecological Zone of Uganda

Robert Muzira, Laban Turyagyenda, Peace Kankwatsa, Hellen Mutenyo, Steven Natuha, Maggiore Kyomugisha
This paper examined agronomic performance of three upland New RICE for Africa (NERICA) varieties promoted by the Government of Uganda in its efforts to improve household food and income security among smallholder farmers. Three rain-fed experimental trials were conducted on station at Mbarara Zonal Agricultural Research and Development Institute (MBAZARDI), with semi-arid climate conditions typical of more than 50% of the South-Western Agro-Ecological Zone (SWAEZ) of Uganda. The experimental tri...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1105988


Nov 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

Scheduling Supplementary Irrigation for Maize Production: Analysis of the Requirements for Climate Smart Farming for Rural Development

Fataw Ibrahim, Boubacar Ibrahim
The erratic rainfall pattern in sub Saharan Africa is a major threat to rainfed agriculture by consistently reducing yield due to water deficit and threatening food security. In order to address this problem, supplementary irrigation during the raining season is increasingly being encouraged to reduce water deficits during dry spells. The aim of this study is to design a supplementary irrigation for maize cropping during the raining season by using climatic data and water from surface runoff fro...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106942


Nov 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

An Assessment of the Water, Irrigation, and Food Security by a Fishbone Analysis in Turkey

A. Ahmet Yücer, Feyza Nur Ayhan
The use of water resources is ineffective although Turkey has insufficient freshwater resources. Dry farming is practiced in a large part of agricultural land. This land due to insufficient precipitation throughout the country is left to fallow once in two years. Agricultural drought is becoming a severe challenge for agriculture and food security, and it may also impact the wealth of farmers by agriculture income. So, it causes widespread concern among the rural population. There is a close rel...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106929


Sep 27, 2020Open    AccessArticle

An Evaluation of the Efficacy of Botanical Pesticides for Fall Armyworm Control in Maize Production

Martin Kanjolo Siazemo, Paul Simfukwe
Since the report of the Fall armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda) in 2016 in Africa, the FAW has widely spread in Zambia, causing significant damage to maize, rice sorghum and other crops. The botanical extracts from Neem leaves, Garlic cloves and Chinaberry leaves efficacies were compared to Cypermethrin insecticide for FAW control in maize. A Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with four replications and Seedco SC 403 maize variety were used as a test crop. Ten FAW larvae were artificial...
Open Access Library J. Vol.7, 2020
Doi:10.4236/oalib.1106746


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