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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 833 matches for " towns of Serbia "
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The role and development perspectives of small towns in central Serbia
Spasi? Nenad,Petri? Jasna
Spatium , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/spat0614008s
Abstract: The link between urban centers and the countryside, including movement of people, goods, capital and other social exchanges, play an important role in processes of rural and urban change of a country. Major demographic and spatial changes have been typical for Serbia in the second half of the 20th century, caused by a dynamic primary urbanization process, i.e. by intense migration trends between rural areas and towns (cities). A special attention in this paper is given to the small urban centers in Serbia (small towns with population of less than 20,000) as the first magnet in proximate contact with the rural surroundings, and the one that therefore could have the greatest influence on organization structure and development prospects of the rural areas. In addition to being difficult to substantiate criteria for urban classification, small towns themselves do not represent a homogeneous group of settlements, and this makes it even harder to put up generalizations that would fit to all the settlements of this kind either within our country or cross-borders. However, here are identified certain common features for the small towns in Central Serbia and their development perspective is analyzed in relation to medium towns and cities of the same territory in consideration. Finally, this paper discusses the importance of policies for small town development in light of a real risk that the process of globalisation may lead to the justification of a new concentration of activities in the large cities, increasing the already significant regional differences in living conditions and economic development.
The settlements of Ljig and Belanovica: Origin and development
Vemi? Mir?eta
Journal of the Geographical Institute Jovan Cvijic, SASA , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/ijgi0655087v
Abstract: Lig and Belanovica are two main settlements in the municipality of Ljig and the only ones which, according to the legal criterion, have a status of town settlements. They originated out of need for the smaller local centers in the regions of the District of Kolubara, with villages and hamlets dispersed or semi -dispersed in type. They originated as road settlements in the second half of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century. Ljig developed at the major traffic artery Belgrade-Gornji Milanovac, at the crossroads where from the road branches off towards Mionica and Valjevo, while Belanovica originated at the old road Belgrade-Rudnik, which nowadays does not have the former significance and occupies the peripheral location in relation to Ibarska Highway. The settlements originated spontaneously along with passing from natural to the economy of goods in order to carry out certain economic function in relation to the territories which gravitate towards them. Belanovica was declared to be a small town in 1904. Ljig was declared in 1922 when it was formed as a traffic, trade and commercial center of the wider region. Ljig then obtained its first regulative plan, and later three more. The development of these settlements went differently into several phases, so that Ljig was formed as the primary, and Belanovica as the secondary center in the system of the settlements of the municipality of Ljig with certain spheres of influences on other settlements in the surroundings.
Low carbon urban development in Serbia: Challenges and opportunities on the local level
Baji?-Brkovi? Milica,Sretovi? Vi?nja,Brkovi? Matija
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/fuace1201043b
Abstract: Development of low carbon urban environment stands among the highest priorities countries, cities and regions are faced with. Despite all the efforts, initiatives and concrete actions taken on the international, regional and national level, many countries experience very low or almost insignificant change on a local level. The situation in Serbia resembles these widely recognized dynamics. While on one hand, the responsible ministries and governmental bodies in Serbia have made a visible progress in meeting the challenge of developing low carbon environment over the past decade, it is a fact that actions on a local level aimed at redirecting the current trends and introducing a more responsible development into their cities and towns are very rare and rather sporadically taken. This paper focuses on a local level, and is concerned with the specific challenges and opportunities recognized there. The medium and small towns in Serbia are of primary interest, since their potential for change is least developed and recognized. The paper explores the challenges they deal with, namely, the perceptive, institutional, and legal constraints and goes on to investigate how these constraints could be overcome, or reduced. On the other hand, there are some opportunities that local communities have on hand. The paper takes to the light their strengths, and presents how they could be integrated into the development processes, and employed in order to further empower local communities in making their towns and places more carbon sensitive. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. TP36035: Climate Change as a Factor in Spatial Development of Settlements, Natural Scenery and Landscape]
Towns and “small” towns
Ivan Stani?
Urbani Izziv , 1994,
Abstract: The hypothesis of the article is that small towns cannot be defined as a particular category of settlements since the only common denominator between them is the number of their inhabitants. In the explanation former characteristics of towns are discussed, such as the wall, market and statue.
Güney Kazakistan Eyaletindeki Orta a ehirlerinin Geli mesine Co rafi Ortam n Etkisi/// The Influence of Geographical Space on the Development of Middle-Aged Towns in the Province of the Southern Kazakhstan
Aldabergenova M?ld?r
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2011,
Abstract: Situated on the territory of the Southern Kazakhstan of middle – aged towns are constantly influenced by geographical space. The geographical conditions of the region are described in this article. The Southern Kazakhstan has a vast territory and is divided on some archeological and historical complexes. Investigating these complexes the development of towns is studied (functions of towns, agrarisation of towns, living conditions of citizens, and social and economical development of towns).
Gobernabilidad política, gobernanza economica y gobiernos indígenas.
Benavides,Carlos; Duarte,Carlos;
Análisis Político , 2010,
Abstract: this article will go over the legislative transformations, as well as conceptions and effects of the implementation of the general system of participation (gsp) at indigenous towns. the institutional, public and private relations derived from the system of transferences will be analyzed by using the notions of governance and self government. under this light, we try to characterize the technocratic and budgeting limits of civil and political rights stated, in the 1991 constitution, for indigenous populations.
Strategic Environmental Assessment of Towns in Ecuador with Tourism Potential  [PDF]
Lourdes Ruiz
Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research (JBCPR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2016.41005
Abstract: The aim of this study is to apply the methodology for assessment of environmental impact whether of a physicochemical nature and on the biodiversity and ecosystems, or whether sociocultural and economic aspects of the historic towns with tourism interest that are assessed. The automated method of the RIAM software is used which requires a baseline study of the environment of different towns to be prepared. In addition, the analysis of the social perception on tourism of the local people from the course work of students at the UIDE shall be applied. The conclusions of the case studies undertaken allow for strategic proposals and recommendations to be prepared so that they can be incorporated into the management plans for tourism in the historic towns with heritage value.
On the Spatial Diffusion of Knowledge by Universities Located in Small and Medium Sized Towns  [PDF]
Conceicao Rego, Antonio Caleiro
iBusiness (IB) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2010.22012
Abstract: Many studies, provided by diverse authors and institutions, demonstrate that, at a territorial level, development is directly related to the level of education and R & D. Territories with higher development levels are, generally, those that have a higher level of education and R & D. The relationship between the acquisition of knowledge and institutional education is therefore decisive. In this area, the role of universities is fundamental. The retention of university graduates is one of the main ways that the cities and the regions can adopt to retain those endowed with higher propensity to innovation, enterprise spirit and management capacity. Given that higher education institutions, in general, and universities, in particular, are obviously crucial in the process of knowledge increase, it becomes important to analyse how can these institutions act as ways of spatial diffusion of knowledge given that their graduates may migrate to other regions of the country (or for another country). The alleged increased probability of this migration to occur when the university is located in a small or medium sized town makes that analysis also interesting from the viewpoint of the development role that this kind of cities can perform, not only in the adjacent rural areas, but also across all the urban areas of the territory. The focus of our work consists in this analysis, which complements a theoretical approach with an empirical part based upon the results that can be observed for the influence of one university located in a small/medium sized town (the University of Évora) in the spatial diffusion of knowledge through its graduates.
Functional Analysis of Small Towns Economic Role in Rural Development, Case Study: Zahedshahr, Iran  [PDF]
Issa Ebrahimzadeh, Najmeh Tayyebi, Yousef Shafei
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2012.53032
Abstract: The growing increase in the number of small towns, brought about as a result of Iran’s demographic changes in recent decades, has necessitated due consideration of these towns in the country’s hierarchical urban system on the one hand and their economic function in their immediate periphery on the other. In the present article, an analysis has been conducted of the economic role Zahedshahr has played as a small town in its rural periphery by using the Jacqueline Beaujeu Garnier and George Shapou’s Model, as well as the Locational Coefficient and the Abscissa-Ordinate Graphic Models. Results obtained from the analysis showed that the above town, in spite of its small size, has played an effective role in providing services to the inhabitants of its surrounding areas, as well as acting as a center for sale of surplus agricultural products, thanks to its relatively equipped administrative, educational, commercial, etc., centers. The find- ings of this research also showed the development of Zahedshahr to be directly dependent on the social and economic conditions of its periphery, so that rural population and agricultural products stability can influence such development.
Fertility trends in Serbia during the 1990s
Ra?evi? Mirjana M.
Stanovni?tvo , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/stnv0404007r
Abstract: The 1990s represent an exceptionally complex period for the population of Serbia. In addition to the impact of long-term factors, various tumultuous events affected its demographic development, such as breaking apart of former Yugoslavia, armed conflicts in the neighboring countries, sanctions imposed by the international community, social changes (transition transformation or regression), deep economic crisis, collapse of social stratification political problems, institutional crisis, and NATO military intervention. Maladjustment to the changed system of values and norms, lower level of personal attainment, feeling of insecurity, and living under permanent stress are the main features of life at an individual psychological level. Deprivation or living at the subsistence level are the main elements of the economic cost sustained by the majority of the population. How have these changes affected an individual's decision to have children? The analysis of futility indicators points to an obvious decline in the number of births across low fertility regions of Serbia. Also, the analysis has raised the question why the decline in population fertility in the low fertility regions was not even higher, bearing in mind the experiences undergone by the countries with economy in transition as well as the depth of the crisis in society. In that sense several factors come to mind. The most important are the universality of marriage socio-psychological investigations confirmed domination of the traditional character or mentality in Serbia during the 1990s, and the government’s approach to the issue of fertility improved during this time. Besides demographic needs were carefully taken into account in all amendments to the old and formulation of the new measures in the area of social policy. Mention should be made of measures ensuring employment rights of women and their entitlement to maternity leave, maternity pay, and provision of institutionalized care for the children. On the other hand under-reporting of live births, lack of knowledge on the size and characteristics of emigration flows limited the analysis of population fertility in Kosovo and Metohia. But, registered data as well as survey results show to the perseverance of the fertility model of transitional type displaying obvious traditional elements.
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