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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11132 matches for " sustainability assessment "
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Sustainability Assessment Methods and Their Application to Harmonization of Policies and Sustainability Monitoring
Dalia ?treimikien?,Stasys Girdzijauskas,Liutauras Sto?kus
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.48.2.15
Abstract: Sustainability assessment methods and techniques are analyzed in this paper. Criteria for sustainability assessment of state policies are defined as based on priorities of the National Sustainable Development Strategy. Technique for sustainability assessment of state policies is developed. An integrated indicators approach is constructed for monitoring implementation of a sustainable development strategy in Lithuania. This work aims at developing the technique for sustainability assessment of state policies and measures based on various sustainability assessment tools, methods and techniques developed by other scientists. The most important methods and techniques for sustainability assessment are analyzed and systematized. Based on the analysis of priorities of Lithuanian government policies the principal economic, environmental and social criteria for sustainability assessment of policies and measures are established for Lithuania. The proposed multi-criteria decision analysis technique is based on the integrated sustainability indices developed for the state, region, enterprise level and it includes a set of social, economic and environmental indicators of different levels. Monitoring technique for the progress achieved towards sustainability is applied to monitoring implementation of the Lithuanian sustainable development strategy.
Building Sustainability Assessment
Luís Bragan?a,Ricardo Mateus,Heli Koukkari
Sustainability , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/su2072010
Abstract: Although social, economic, and cultural indicators are of substantial importance to the concept of sustainable building, this concept is usually related to environmental characteristics. Any building level assessment method is complex and involves contradictory aspects. Moreover, emphasizing qualitative criteria only increases confusion. R&D and standardization are thus concentrated to transparency and usability of the environmental methods. Other directions of research aim at performance-based design and methods to take regional and cultural aspects into account. In this paper, the perspectives of the sustainability assessment of a whole building are presented, based on a state of the art, feasibility study on performance analysis and the development of an extended life-cycle assessment for buildings. Using various tools, and based on the case studies of building sustainability assessment, environmental indicators were often shown to be of lesser importance than the other, soft ones. The first steps in the development of a building sustainability assessment method for Portuguese residential buildings will be presented and discussed in the end.
Environmental Sustainability Assessment of Electricity From Fossil Fuel Combustion: Carbon Footprint  [PDF]
Jorge Cristóbal, Jonathan Albo, Angel Irabien
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2010.12011
Abstract: Emissions of greenhouse gases from electricity production should be reduced since climate change has became a big concern in developed countries. Carbon footprint is used as environmental index measuring the emissions that have effect on global warming and shows that secondary footprint has an important relevance in the final emission factor. To achieve sustainability in electricity production is required the consideration and evaluation of all relevant environ- mental impacts at the same time. Reduction in CO2 emissions is justified since clean combustion is achieved and global warming is the main contributor to global impacts.
Evaluation of health determinants for sustaining workability in aging US workforce  [PDF]
Vatsalya Vatsalya, Robert Karch
Advances in Aging Research (AAR) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aar.2013.23015
Abstract: Growth of older population in United States requires multi-generational evaluation to characterize health measures for sustaining workability. Investigation of measures that working population would need and use with their work-life in an attempt to stay healthy and fit, could potentially reveal significant association that could extend workability and enhance work productivity such as performance, presenteeism, job satisfaction. Evaluation with selective longitudinal health profiling; employment prerequisites; socio-economic and psychological scales could characterize health measures significantly associated with work sustainability. Such health measures could potentially be employed by US working population early in their life and occupation to sustain and improve workability in their later epoch.
Development of Carbon Dioxide Emission Assessment Tool towards Promoting Sustainability in UTM Malaysia  [PDF]
Isiaka Adeyemi Abdul-Azeez
Open Journal of Energy Efficiency (OJEE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojee.2018.72004
Abstract: Universities are challenged to play a leadership role in addressing unsustainable practices that are exacerbating global warming. Basically, many assessment tools have been suggested for measuring emission scenarios and achieve sustainability within university campuses. However, majority of the existing tools consider greenhouse gas emissions outside the campuses upon which universities have no control. This study identifies energy as a major driving force for Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emission and a universal variable for the assessment of CO2 emission in university campus. It proposed the Malaysia University Carbon Emission Tool (MUCET) to estimate Carbon Dioxide from the sources of energy use within the campus and assess the CO2 emission scenario within Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). The result was compared to that of similar carbon emission inventory initiated by the UTM in 2009, a total emission of 46,000 Mt CO2 was observed in 2011 using MUCET compared to 82,578 Mt CO2 given as the total CO2 emission value for the campus in 2009. Also MUCET presented 74% CO2 emission for electricity and 26% in the transportation sector in variance to 78% and 20% offered for electricity and transport respectively in 2009 using the contemporary method of assessment. The difference in values was attributed to the contribution of the indirect and off-site emissions (i.e. Scope 3 emissions) from external sources. The study showed that MUCET presents a more realistic emission value and would promote sustainability on the campus.
Methodology of Sustainability Indicators Determination for Enterprise Assessment
Loreta Kinderyt?
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.52.2.73
Abstract: Lithuanian small and medium enterprises (SMEs) need the indicators system for evaluating their sustainability. Because of some difficulties to quantify the aspects of sustainability, not only quantitative but also qualitative indicators are recommended. To select sustainability indicators, an initial set of quantitative indicators was compiled from both sustainability indicators and separate environmental indicators systems. A qualitative indicators set was compiled from one developed qualitative indicators system. The survey of experts was organized for determining qualitative and quantitative sustainability indicators. Budget allocation processes were used as a weighting method. To adjust indicators and weighting coefficients for enterprises in developing or developed countries determination and weighting procedure by national experts should be repeated. Assessment according to the standardized methodology can show only essential problems and it is the first step towards the improvement process.
Sustainability Assessment of Enterprises in Printing Industry
Loreta Kinderyte
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.58.4.674
Abstract: A sustainability concept having been applied from global to national, regional and other levels, enterprises are striving to be more sustainable in environmental and social issues. There is a growing need to have sustainability assessment and implementation tools. The most popular is the Global Reporting Initiative which gives recommendations for sustainability assessment of enterprises in different sectors. The guidelines are prepared for logistics and transportation, financial services, mining and metals, telecommunication and the others but not yet for printing industry. The objective of the paper is to assess sustainability of printing enterprises. To achieve it the following tasks have been determined: 1) adopt sustainability assessment methodology to printing industry; 2) apply sustainability assessment to chosen printing enterprises and 3) suggest the measures for sustainable development of printing enterprises. A sustainability assessment system is developed and applied which consists of qualitative and quantitative parts and composite index. Qualitative and quantitative parts are aggregated into one improved sustainability index. Enterprises are rated according to their achievements in sustainability from unsustainable through basic to progressive sustainable enterprises. The sustainability indices show that enterprises are at the basic level of sustainability. The main areas for improvement in printing enterprises are the following: use of more ecologic paper, paints and other resources; reduction of volatile organic compounds, use of renewable energy, etc. The case of an applied sustainability assessment system has shown that it can be adapted to enterprises of other sectors.
Avalia??o de política ambiental e sustentabilidade: estudo de caso do município de Santo André - SP
Cezare, Juliana Pellegrini;Malheiros, Tadeu Fabricio;Philippi Jr, Arlindo;
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-41522007000400008
Abstract: the management of the s?o paulo metropolitan area has as one of the challenges to bring a sustainable solution for land use in watershed protection areas, aiming at regional water resources protection. this paper has the objective to contribute to the discussion about sustainable development strategy assessment, from an analisys with focus at the environmental policies of the santo andré city - sp brazil, in the context of water resources protection. for this, the proposal is to verify, based on the bellagio principles, the use of systemic approach, transparency, participatory process and social engagement in its policy formulation and implementation process. it was observed coherence within the policies, programmes and actions analysed, nevertheless, gaps were identified, which, within a strategic approach, means weakness for the construction of the local sustainability, as the lack of a consolidated sustainability indicators system.
Sustainability in higher education: A needs assessment on a course “Education and awareness for sustainability”
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of the study was to make an assessment on the needs of university students regarded to be aware of environmental problems and sustainable development concept introduced in an undergraduate course. As a first part of course evaluation project, the needs assessment (NA) study comprising three steps was realized with 85 undergraduate students enrolling in the course Education and Awareness for Sustainability. NA questionnaire including both open-ended and closed-ended items was used for data collection. The responses to open-ended questions were subjected to content analysis whereas those to closed-ended items were subjected to statistical analysis. As the results suggested, students believed that education was the fundamental stage to constitute awareness for sustainability. The students indicated that the use of methods of discussion and brain storming were the best methods, and the instructional media such as computer and projector, video, and OHP were essentially important for developing awareness for sustainability. Almost all the students reported that the course aiming to introduce education and awareness for sustainability was beneficial for them to integrate the concept to their own profession and to develop awareness and sense of responsibility for protecting environmental resources.
Developing an Assessment Framework for Affordable and Sustainable Housing
Stephen Pullen,Michael Arman,George Zillante,Jian Zuo
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2010,
Abstract: Sustainable housing has been subject to research, practice and policy making for some considerable time. More recently attention has been drawn to the separate problem of declining affordability in housing. This paper describes research aimed at developing an assessment framework for both affordability and sustainability as part of the effort to incorporate both of these features into new housing projects. The research has a particular focus on developments aimed at urban densification. Background literature on both affordability and sustainability is reviewed as well as emerging schemes aimed at dealing with both aspects of housing developments. Performance indicators are identified and these are incorporated in an interim assessment framework which is tested using a group of industry experts. The research has highlighted areas where further development is required to attain quantitative assessments of affordable and sustainable housing developments
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