The numbers of local complimentary inequivalent graph
states for 9, 10 and 11 qubit systems are 440, 3132, 40457,
respectively. We calculate the entanglement, the lower and upper bounds of the
entanglement and obtain the closest product states for all these graph states.
New patterns of closest product states are analyzed.
There are many types of almost frictionless and very rapid flows of complex molecules in nature. One example is the almost frictionless nature of the protein channel aquaporin-1. Nearly frictionless transport of complex biomolecular fluids along a membrane composed of wavy-rough nanoannuli was investigated by using the verified Eyring’s transition-state approach (cf. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 112, 2008, pp. 3019-3023.), together with a boundary perturbation approach, which has been successfully adopted to study the selective transport of polymeric matter in confined nanodomains. The critical parameters related to the rapid or nearly frictionless transport of biomolecules were identified to be directly relevant to the possible phase-transition temperature after selecting specific activation energies and activation volumes for fixed confined (cylindrical) geometry as well as small wavy corrugations along the interface. Our results can also make the membrane composed of aligned wavy-rough nanotubes a promising mimic of protein channels for transdermal drug delivery and selective chemical sensing.
The purpose of this paper is to apply value stream
mapping (VSM) for enabling leanness in Directorate Airworthiness and Aircraft
Operation, Directorate General of Air Transportation, Ministry of Transportation
Republic of Indonesia. A current state mapping is made to determine the
activities that provide value-added and non-value-added activities or waste.
Weaknesses in the current state process mapping will be analyzed and improved
in the future state mapping to obtain a better flow, faster and more
efficiently. The reduction of total lead time, makes total cycle time decrease
significantly, i.e. 69%, or from 94.5
to 29.5 days, while the process time is constant, i.e. 18 days. Future state mapping can reduce lead time and
increase cycle time efficiency. Current State Mapping shows weaknesses/waste
and is non value added. Current state shows quite a high lead time value, so
that cycle time efficiency is low. The efficiency value is 0.112 and after
future state mapping becomes 0.70. Lean service research in government
organizations has been the first time done in Indonesia.
Background: States in the
United States have primary public health authority. This is the case with
cervical cancer, and yet little is known about state policy issues affecting
the comprehensive public health response. This study identifies and explores
state policy issues affecting cervical cancer efforts in the United States.
Methods: Key informant interviews were conducted with a purposeful sample of 15
professionals affiliated with cervical cancer prevention and treatment from
national, state and local levels; across sectors: public, private and
non-profit; and aspects of the work: screening, treatment and vaccine; program
implementation, research, coalition work, and policy. Results: Identified
policy issues were administrative and implementation oriented (“small p” policy
issues). While participants recognized the importance of laws for vaccine or no
cost screening access, the key policy issues preventing successful cervical
cancer efforts involved 1) health system complexity; 2) general lack of state
level policy, program and funding coordination; and 3) social and
organizational cultural issues affecting the adoption of national
recommendations and reinforcing program inertia. Conclusions: Understanding
state policy issues in cervical cancer is critical for public health success.
Dramatic reduction or even elimination of cervical cancer in the United States
depends upon the policy work in the “little p” policy areas such as planning
and health system organization to affect change. This will require greater
leadership and coordination of state efforts across myriad programs. It will
require health system improvements, and also the adoption of new practice and
program behaviors to capitalize on available technology to reach underserved
Purpose: This study was conducted
to describe emotional state of colostomized patients with gynecologic cancer. Patients and Methods: The study employed
a qualitative design from May to October of 2010, in a private university hospitals outpatient gnecologic oncology
clinic in Ankara, Turkey. Content analysis with an inductive approach had been used to analyze 32 interviews
that served as the data base for this study. Interview form that focused on
what gynecologic cancer women felt to living with a colostomy. Results:
Findings also reveal that gynecologic cancer patients with colostomy
experience many uneasy feelings that affect their emotional state. The content
analysis resulted in the development of two thematic units. The first we described as “To experience the consequences of stoma as a
gynecologic cancer patients”. The second was “suffering experienced-being challenged the consequences of the stoma”, and the third was “promote
self management-normalization of the new condition”. For the
psychological support, family and friends’ support has been mentioned as the
most important part that can release their anxiety. Conclusions: We concluded that a having stoma was difficult for the women. The emotional state of
the women when they get colostomy was typically characterized by fear, and worry about their current process.
Body image, self-esteem, social activity, sexuality were the aspects that most
affected the patients. Nurses have very important role within holistic approach
and empathetic interaction, for determining major problem areas.
A simple theory is proposed to predict the effect of pressure for study of volume expansion of nanomaterials. Different possible forms of equation of state are discussed with their correlations. Only two input parameters, namely, the bulk modulus and its first pressure derivative, are required for calculations. We have considered a wide variety of nanomaterials, such as, CdSe (4.2 nm), Fe-Cu (14 nm), y-Al2O3 (67 nm), y-Al2O3 (37 nm), Ni (20 nm), Fe (10 nm), CeO2 (cubic Fluorite phase) (15 nm), CeO2 (Orthorhombic Phase) (15 nm), CuO (24 nm) and TiO2 (rutile phase) (10 nm) to analyze the effect of pressure on them. The theoretical predictions for the given nanomaterials agree with