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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 9082 matches for " spatial mobility "
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International Factor Mobility and Dynamic Paths  [PDF]
Hiroshi Goto, Yuji Matsuoka
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2013.36051
Abstract:

The aim of this paper is to consider the adjustment process of the spatial structure in a two-country economy where both labor and capital are mobile. For this purpose, we combine the model of New Economic Geography with the phase diagram technique. We show that the agglomeration processes are not always monotonic since the mobile factors interact with each other. More specifically, even when both factors are eventually agglomerated to one country, it is possible that labor and capital move in opposite directions in the adjustment process. Differences in factor endowment ratio and market size play significant roles in this transition path.

En busca de mejor fortuna: Movilidad ocupacional y espacial de los inmigrantes espa?oles pobres en el Buenos Aires tardo-colonial
Pérez,Mariana A;
Bolet?-n del Instituto de Historia Argentina y Americana Dr. Emilio Ravignani , 2010,
Abstract: during the late colonial period, numerous spaniards immigrated to buenos aires, encouraged by the economic prosperity of the river plate region. the vast majority belonged to the popular classes: they were soldiers, sailors, artisans, filled the low ranks of the bureaucracy and, most of them, were small merchants. their lives in the river plate were characterized by a strong spatial and occupational mobility, specially during the first years after their arrival. this paper analyzes this aspect of their migratory experiences through the study of population records and criminal procedures.
Fertility and Commuting Behaviour in Germany
Johannes Huinink,Michael Feldhaus
Comparative Population Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.4232/10.cpos-2012-05en
Abstract: Fertility behaviour is closely related to other dimensions of the individual life course, which are strongly interrelated themselves. Regarding the impact of job-related spatial mobility, empirical findings show a negative correlation between having children and commuting, particularly for women. Up to now, fertility intentions have not been thoroughly investigated in this respect. Longitudinal studies are lacking, too. In this paper, the effects of commuting arrangements of men and women on the intention of having a child within the next two years as well as the probability of realising this intention are addressed. The assumption is, that after accounting for other important factors (employment status, level of qualification, type of consensual union, number of children, residential mobility), medium- and long-distance commuting is negatively related to the fertility intention of women and its realisation. For men, effects are assumed to be nonexistent or even slightly positive. Longitudinal data from the first three waves of the German “Panel Analysis of Intimate Relationships and Family Dynamics” (pairfam) are used to test the hypotheses. Firstly, a cross-sectional, multivariate probit-regression (with correlated errors) on the intention to have a child within two years, on being childless and on medium- and long- distance commuting is applied. The model shows no significant correlation between commuting and the intention to have a child; it does however show a correlation between medium- and long distance commuting and the probability of women to be childless. Secondly, a longitudinal difference model on changing fertility intentions between panel wave 1 and wave 3 is estimated. For women, a positive effect can be found of interrupting medium- and long-distance commuting or, surprisingly, continuing medium- and long-distance commuting on the intention to have a child within two years. Thirdly, for men and women who reported a fertility intention in the first wave, a longitudinal Heckman-selection probit-regression on the probability of having a child between wave 1 and wave 3 is estimated. It shows negative effects of medium- and long-distance commuting on having a child. Taken together, these findings support the assumption that commuting plays a characteristically different role in different phases of the fertility-related decision process.
Popula??o e estrutura??o urbana no (nor)oeste paulista: um estudo sobre a produ??o social do espa?o urbano no município de Votuporanga
Rodrigues, Fabíola;
S?o Paulo em Perspectiva , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-88392005000300010
Abstract: this article has the objective of throwing some light onto the recent demographic and socioeconomic processes (between 1970 and 2000) that occurred in most of the municipalities in the state of s?o paulo, especially the reversion of the trend toward demographic losses and the growing intra-urban spatial mobility resulting from the inclusion of these municipalities into new forms of flexible accumulation, vis-à-vis the growing unemployment and the increasing impoverishment of the working population.
Aproximación a la génesis de la contribución de la densidad en la noción de "ciudad compacta"
Navarro Vera,José Ramón; Ortu?o Padilla,Armando;
EURE (Santiago) , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612011000300002
Abstract: as an introduction to the article, the conceptual origins of a compact city will be outlined considering the different variables involved. how these variables have been incorporated into such a widespread concept in the field of contemporary urbanism will be explained. secondly, a research project developed in the outlying urban areas of alicante which links residential density with variables of mobility will be presented. finally, new research lines will be proposed to shed light on the current problems posed by the forms of growth and development of cities.
Patrones de movilidad residencial en la Ciudad de México como evidencia de co-localización de población y empleos
SUáREZ-LASTRA,MANUEL; DELGADO-CAMPOS,JAVIER;
EURE (Santiago) , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612010000100004
Abstract: the article describes residential mobility in méxico city and finds evidence of a collocation process between jobs and housing. the methodology employed is based on a series of statistical analyses including a log-log regression of residential mobility flows between municipalities, as well as a binomial logistic model that predicts the probability of changing residence with given changes of job location. we conclude that together with the socioeconomic characteristics of residents that move, there is a clear influence of the place of work on the choice of housing location. we conclude that residential mobility can be seen as a social equilibrium mechanism that acts as a response to changes in urban structure.
Caminhos do cativeiro: a experiência de escravos e libertos em Castro (1800-1830)
Portela, Bruna Marina;
História (S?o Paulo) , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-90742010000200018
Abstract: this article analyzes the configuration of a slave community in castro, s?o paulo, during the first three decades of the nineteenth century. it seeks to understand what it meant for these captives to live in a town directed almost exclusively towards raising and trading of animals. for that reason, slave owner's postmortem inventories were used as the main documentary body, and beyond them, nominative lists of inhabitants and other documents from the judiciary. through this documentation, it was possible to follow the trajectory of some slaves and examine aspects of the constitution of their families and their links with the agro-pastoral life. their similar experiences, leading troops, taking care of livestock or seeking a better life outside the village of castro, after receiving their freedom, it was made possible to shape a slave community with ideals, interests and particular world views.
Movilidad Espacial, Ocupación y Empleo en el Valle Inferior del Río Chubut
Crovetto,M. Marcela;
Trabajo y sociedad , 2011,
Abstract: from a perspective that proposes a number of criticisms of the dichotomous typology of demographic classification of living space, rural and urban, has inquired about the forms that everyday spatial mobility in relation to employment in the valle inferior del río chubut - patagonia-argentina, following a special situation of everyday spatial mobility as that concerning the production of cherries in the valley. were used statistics, historical and documentary in coordination with the construction of primary data through surveys run by different techniques. applied primarily a household survey (200 cases) suburbs of the towns involved in the valle inferior del río chubut. the center of the research exercise was in contrasting the results of a field survey according to both the traditional classification of the area of residence (rural or urban) and an alternative proposal for research. so we evaluated the hidden nuances within the homogenizing ideas of rural and urban, synthesized by the number of inhabitants observed, -in argentina to 2000 or more is considered an urban space, less a rural- especially, that many paths daily classically considered urban social actors were very close to those of the actors in rural areas.
Tendências recentes da mobilidade espacial da popula??o no Estado do Rio de Janeiro
Oliveira, Ant?nio Tadeu Ribeiro de;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982010000100007
Abstract: this article addresses dissatisfaction with explanations of migrations that, although they have provided important contributions, nonetheless sound somewhat incomplete. the article proposes a discussion on changes in behavior taking place in demographic displacements in brazil since the 1980s, especially in terms of the migratory processes in the state of rio de janeiro, brazil (of which the city of rio de janeiro is the capital). the state is both an area of attraction and of expulsion of population. the author sees demography as a field of knowledge that, in essence, implies the idea of processes of change that reflect the social relationships inscribed during each historical moment the article is thus based on the hypothesis that processes of (im)mobility of the labor force could explain the current model of capitalistic development. in terms of the model of flexible accumulation, the present stage of development seems to be determining new strategies for locating productive activities, new modes for regulating relationships of capital, as well as changes in the structures of occupational categories. in the final countdown, these factors are dictating a new mode for capital to mobilize the labor force.
Segrega??o socioespacial e inser??o no mercado de trabalho na Regi?o Metropolitana de Campinas
Cunha, José Marcos Pinto da;Jakob, Alberto Augusto Eichman;
Revista Brasileira de Estudos de Popula??o , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-30982010000100008
Abstract: based on the premise that "space matters," the present study is intended as a contribution to the analytic efforts focused on investigating the impact of segregation, understood here as how the concentration in space of similar socioeconomic strata affects the ability of individuals and families to respond to the numerous problems and risks involved in large urban areas. more specifically, the article consists of an investigation into whether, for the case of an emerging metropolitan region in brazil (campinas, in the state of s?o paulo), there are indications of the effect of segregation on the various characteristics of the inclusion of individuals in the labor market. data from the federal demographic census of 2000 show how unemployment, formality of labor, and the social protection of the economically active population are influenced both by the sociodemographic characteristics, including migratory status and condition of intraurban mobility (pendularity), and by the population's physical location in the region. as a spatial variable related to segregation, a measure is proposed on moran's local rate, which seeks to identify homogeneous areas in terms of the socioeconomic composition of their inhabitants. although the results obtained are not conclusive, they do suggest the importance of location on way individuals are absorbed by the labor market. this finding corroborates several of the theoretical propositions taken into account in this study.
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