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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 981 matches for " smallpox vaccination "
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Enfrentando el bioterrorismo: aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos y preventivos de la viruela
Franco-Paredes,Carlos; Río,Carlos del; Nava-Frías,Margarita; Rangel-Frausto,Sigfrido; Téllez,Ildefonso; Santos-Preciado,José Ignacio;
Salud Pública de México , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-36342003000400009
Abstract: the worldwide eradication of smallpox, a major achievement in public health, is currently threatened by the risk of bioterrorism. the debate on the destruction of the variola virus in the two reference laboratories of the world health organization has dramatically switched to the preservation of the remaining virus after the september 2001 terrorist events in the u.s. along with the intentional release of bacillus anthracis in the u.s. the risk of intentional release of variola virus constitutes a minimal, yet possible risk. a smallpox epidemic could have a devastating impact due to its elevated morbidity and mortality that would inflict in non-immune human population, in addition to the ensuing panic and social unrest. therefore, the development of national preparedness and response plans along with the availability of smallpox vaccine to be used in the post-exposure phase represent a fundamental part of the preventive efforts to cope with bioterrorism. reestablishing a preventive vaccination program was recently recommended by the advisory committee on immunization practices (acip). however, the vaccine currently available has historically been associated with serious adverse reactions, even death. thus, this recommendation has not been universally accepted. to counter an epidemic of smallpox, medical personnel in the frontline need to be prepared with updated smallpox infor mation to identify, diagnose, isolate, and treat cases if a bioterrorist attack should occur. herein we present an in-depth review for health care personnel with relevant epidemiologic, clinical, and preventive information on smallpox.
Marcados en la piel: vacunación y viruela en Argentina (1870-1910)
Di Liscia,Maria Silvia;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000200005
Abstract: this paper studies the smallpox vaccination in argentina since 1870, when these discussions were inittiaded until the 1910s, when they were extended to the rest of the country. we analyze immunization practices implemented prior to the compulsory vaccination law, passed in 1886 for the capital and in 1904 for the rest of the country. such a move found resistance from different sectors. its approval depended on the consequences of modernization and urbanization, the weight of hygienists in the political arena, and its extension depended on a different administrative conception, incorporating new areas and sectors to the national scenario.
Preface: On the Eradication of Smallpox and the Beginning of a Public Health Career
Donald A Henderson
Public Health Reviews , 2011,
Abstract: When I was a medical student, there were few lectures on public health at our university and such was true at most. The focus was on the treatment of individual patients with limited regard for the problems of the community. But as time has passed, there has been increasing concern about the population as a whole and approaches that might be appropriate for prevention of both acute and chronic diseases, for containing the spread of infection and for fostering healthy lifestyles. Many disciplines are involved but epidemiology, being the primary discipline of public health, lends itself well to serving as a common platform in joining all the disciplinary fields. Such was the case with the smallpox eradication program. The lessons learned from this experience are very relevant to current and future issues in public health.This is undoubtedly the most exciting time in history to enter the field of public health—so much is changing and so many new opportunities are presenting as the importance of population-based public health is increasingly perceived by governments, universities, and the community as a whole. The experience of working on the eradication of smallpox was a major development in my career as it was for many colleagues who served with me. I am pleased to be able to share this experience with a new generation, which faces both enormous challenges and opportunities in disease control and health promotion.
Disease, religion and medicine: smallpox in nineteenth-century Benin
Soumonni, Elisée;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702012000500003
Abstract: the essay examines, with special reference to smallpox, the perception and interpretation of disease in pre-colonial dahomey, present-day republic of benin. because disease is seen primarily as a punishment from the gods and not just as a medical problem or a bodily disorder, traditional cult priests play a leading role in making diagnoses and prescribing remedies, mostly based on medicinal plants. the prominence of sakpata, god of smallpox, coupled with the influence of its priests is evaluated within the context of dahomey's political history and the spread of the disease. this pivotal position was to constitute a challenge to the french colonial campaign to vaccinate against smallpox.
Vacinas e campanhas: as imagens de uma história a ser contada
P?rto, ?ngela;Ponte, Carlos Fidelis;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702003000500013
Abstract: the iconography on vaccines and vaccination campaigns is of great value to those interested in the subject. especially noteworthy are the representations depicting vaccines and the diseases they are meant to fight, the surroundings where vaccination takes place, the media and strategies used to convince the public, and what used to be known about these diseases and the vaccines employed to combat them. this issue of our journal offers readers a glimpse into two collections that have much to contribute towards an understanding of the history of immunization policy in brazil: material from the exhibit a revolta da vacina: da varíola às campanhas de imuniza??o (the vaccine rebellion: from smallpox to immunization campaigns), inaugurated in 1994, and material on the eradication of polio in brazil, based on the 1995 exhibit um mundo sem pólio (a world without polio). the article includes an analysis of changes in ad campaigns that encourage the public to vaccinate children.
Vacunación Antivariólica en ni os prematuros
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1952,
La amigdalectomia con anestesia general por intubación endotraqueal
Revista chilena de pediatría , 1952,
The discontinuation of routine smallpox vaccination in the United States, 1960-1976: an unlikely affirmation of biomedical hegemony
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000200010
Abstract: this article seeks to understand the discursive context of the cessation of routine smallpox vaccination in the united states in the early 1970s. the united states has a long tradition of opposition to compulsory smallpox vaccination, usually expressed in terms of concerns about personal liberties, the extent of state authority, and challenges to the hegemony of orthodox biomedicine. the practice of routine smallpox vaccination continued in the united states until its termination in the 1970s, following a 1971 recommendation against the practice issued by the united states public health service. this history investigates the ways in which opposition to compulsory smallpox vaccination in the 1960s and 70s was articulated and understood by contemporaries through an analysis of the rhetoric used in leading medical journals and popular newspapers. it finds that this ultimately successful movement to end routine smallpox vaccination drew upon the language of biomedical authority rather than political protest.
Desenvolvimento dos sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica da varíola e da poliomelite: a transforma??o de conceitos em categorias operacionais
Verani, José Fernando de S.;Maranh?o, Eduardo P.;Laender, Fernando;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1993, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1993000100004
Abstract: this article describes the process by which some concepts of epidemiological surveillance are elaborated and turned into operational categories to comprise the so-called epidemiologial surveillance system for two specific diseases. the authors describe some epidemiological concepts and categories which were elaborated over the course of the smallpox eradication program and more recently in the poliomyelitis eradication program. such concepts and categories as outbreak containment, cross-notification, and case definitions are described as they fit into a series of actions which make up the epidemiological surveillance system. finally, it is worth noting that the description developed in this article is based on personal observations, since the authors participated in the smallpox eradication program in bangladesh and somalia as well as in the regional poliomyelitis eradication program in the americas.
Vacina??o, varíola e uma cultura da imuniza??o no Brasil
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000200002
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to discuss the emergence and establishment of a "culture of immunization" in the contemporary brazil from the eradication of smallpox. this culture is associated with a long process of introduction of vaccines, vaccination campaigns and mass vaccination undertaken by the brazilian government since the late nineteenth century. particular importance is attributed to the campaign to eradicate smallpox in brazil (1966-1973). the experience of mass vaccination of the population against smallpox is contrasted with episodes of resistance as the "revolt against the vaccine", and regarded as crucial in shaping new policies and new understandings about the role of immunization in public health and its place in society brazil.
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