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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4321 matches for " postpartum depression "
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The Agreement Rate about Unintended Pregnancy and Its Relationship with Postpartum Depression in Parents of Preterm and Term Infants  [PDF]
Maryam Ghorbani, Mahrokh Dolatian, Jamal Shams, Hamid Alavi-Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59084
Abstract: Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women’s health and self-confidence, and infant’s social, emotional, cognitive and even physical development. Studies show that parents of preterm infants frequently experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. Women with unintended pregnancy are subjected to more risk of depression than women with planned pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy may lead to increased maternal exposure to psychosocial stressors, reduced social support by the spouse, increased levels of depressive symptoms and decreased life satisfaction. Findings: No significant difference was observed between term and preterm infants’ mothers (p = 0.85) in terms of postpartum depression. However, two groups of fathers in terms of depression showed a significant difference (p = 0.045). McNemar’s test showed that parents of term infants (K = 0.322, p = 0.077), and parents of preterm infants (k = 0.17, p = 0.144) agreed with each other on unintended pregnancy. Conclusion: Fathers of preterm infants are at higher risk for mental disorders than fathers of term infants and they need more attention in future studies.
Pilot Study on an Integrated Pilates and Yoga Program for Decreasing Postpartum Depression in Women  [PDF]
Yi-Li Ko, Pi-Chu Lin, Chi-Li Yang, Chie-Pein Chen, Huai-Jung Shih
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.510093
Abstract: Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 10-week exercise intervention in reducing depression and fatigue in women with postpartum depression. Design: A one-group pretest/ posttest quasi-experiment was conducted. Setting: A postpartum ward in a medical center in Taipei city was used. Participants: Nineteen women at 7 - 12 weeks postpartum with an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score ≥ 9 were recruited. Methods: The women participated in a postpartum exercise support program 1 hour per week for 10 weeks. The program was led by a professional coach; it integrated yoga, Pilates, elastic band exercise, low-intensity aerobics, and motherhood role experience sharing. Results: After the postpartum exercise support program intervention, depression scores decreased from 10.4 ± 3.29 to 7.80 ± 2.73 (t = 3.632, P = 0.003); fatigue scores decreased from 8.73 ± 5.02 to 5.40 ± 3.89 (t = 2.988, P = 0.010). Conclusion: PESP administered to women with postpartum depression appeared to benefit their psychological wellbeing.
Altera??o tireoidiana: um fator de risco associado à depress?o pós-parto?
Ruschi, Gustavo Enrico Cabral;Chamb? Filho, Ant?nio;Lima, Valmir José de;Yazaki-Sun, Sue;Zandonade, Eliana;Mattar, Rosiane;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292009000200010
Abstract: objectives: to investigate the prevalence of post partum depression and its correlation with thyroid dysfunction in mothers. methods: a descriptive, cross-cutting observational study carried out among 292 women between the 31st and 180th days post partum, attending public health units in the metropolitan region of vitória, in the state of espírito santo, brazil. the sample was analyzed for socio-demographic and clinical-obstetric characteristics. a depressive disorder was defined by a score greater than or equal to twelve on the edinburgh post-partum depression scale (epds). the thyroid was assessed using serum dosages of thyroid stimulating hormone, (tsh), free thyroxin (t4 free) and anti-peroxidase antibodies (tpo). evaluation of the results was carried out using descriptive analysis and the χ2 test, with a level of significance of 5%. results: 115 women (39.4%) scored higher than 12 on the epds and were thereby deemed to be depressed; 117 (60.6%) scoring lower than 12 were considered not to be depressed. the prevalence of post-partum depression in the group with thyroid dysfunction was 36% and 40% in the group without thyroid dysfunction. there was no statistically significant difference in the frequency of depression between patients with or without thyroid dysfunction (χ2=0.131;p=0.717). conclusions: the frequency of ppd was high but no association was observed between post-partum depression and thyroid dysfunction.
Postpartum Blues and Postpartum Depression
Erdem ? et al.
Konuralp Tip Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Postpartum blues which is seen during the postpartum period is a transient psychological state. Most of the mothers experience maternity blues in postpartum period. It remains usually unrecognized by the others. Some sensitive families can misattribute these feelings as depression. In this article, we tried to review the characteristics of maternity blues and its differences from depression. We defined depression and presented the incidence and diagnostic criteria, of major depression as well as the risk factors and clinic findings of postpartum depression. Thus, especially at primary care we aimed to prevent misdiagnosis of both maternity blues and depression
The study of supportive activities during pregnancy on postpartum depression
Ajh N,Unesian,Fili A,Abasi Motejaded
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2006,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Postpartum depression is mood disorder that affected 10-15% of women during 6 months after delivery. This study was designed to investigate preventive effect of supportive activities during prenatal on postpartum depression. Methods & Materials: This research is clinical trial study and the samples were 440 pregnant women in Lahijan and Astanea in eastern of Gilan .The sampling was simple randomization for 2 groups. One group presented in education classes and others received current prenatal care. Between 4 to 8 weeks after delivery their Beck depression inventory (BDI) score was evaluated among two groups. Data analysis has been done by SPSS statistical software. Results: Prevalence depression (cases who have Beck score more than 16) in study group was 6.5% versus 18.6% in control group. Mean BDI score in study group was 7.08 versus 8.69. Conclusion: Participated to education classes during pregnancy decrease the postpartum depression.
Antenatal anxiety in the first trimester: Risk factors and effects on anxiety and depression in the third trimester and 6-week postpartum  [PDF]
Chui Yi Chan, Antoinette Marie Lee, Siu Keung Lam, Chin Peng Lee, Kwok Yin Leung, Yee Woen Koh, Catherine So Kum Tang
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33030
Abstract: Objective: Anxiety is common among pregnant women. However, research attention in the area of reproductive mental health has mainly focused on postpartum depression in past decades. Given adverse outcomes of antenatal anxiety, there is an urgent need to fill the research gaps. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of antenatal anxiety symptoms and examine the risk factors and effects of anxiety symptoms in early pregnancy on anxiety and depressive symptoms in later pregnancy and early postpartum period. Methodology: A prospective longitudinal design with quantitative approach was adopted. A consecutive sample of 1470 Chinese pregnant women from hospitals in Hong Kong was invited to participate in the study and was assessed using standardized instruments on 3 time points including first and third trimesters of pregnancy and 6-week postpartum. Results: The results showed that 17.7% of pregnant women manifested anxiety symptoms in the first trimester of pregnancy. Single mothers, younger mothers, mothers who smoked before pregnancy and mothers who received low education level reported significantly higher levels of anxiety symptoms in the first trimester. Unwanted pregnancy, low self esteem, low marital satisfaction and perceived low social support were significant psychosocial risk factors for anxiety symptoms in the first trimester. Anxiety symptoms in the first trimester were independent predictors for anxiety symptoms in the third trimester ( QUOTE β = 0.26, t = 5.74, p < 0.001), however anxiety symptoms in the first trimester no longer significantly predicted anxiety and depressive symptoms in 6 weeks postpartum after adjusting for the
The Development and Implementation of the Maternal Mental Health Promotion Program for Expectant Mothers  [PDF]
Mari Ikeda, Kaori Nishigaki, Miharu Kida, Ami Setoyama, Kyoko Kobayashi, Kiyoko Kamibeppu
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.413104
Approximately 19% of women have minor or major depression in the first three months following delivery. The Maternal Mental Health Promotion Program is an intervention program designed to deliver during pregnancy to increase awareness and limits the effects of postpartum depression (PPD). The program was developed through a literature review and a focus group interview. It has three components (information on depressive symptoms during postpartum, reflecting on pregnancy, and the importance of good communication with one’s partner), delivered through lectures and group discussions using educational worksheets. The purpose of this paper was to describe the development, planning and implementing of an intervention program for expectant mothers to increase awareness and limits the effects of PPD. The program was evaluated by experienced midwives, and then delivered in antenatal classes where process evaluations were conducted. We confirmed that the objectives of the program were met and that the intervention was relevant to participants.
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Postpartum Depression in Yaounde, Cameroon  [PDF]
Nadège Djoda Adama, Pascal Foumane, Jean Pierre Kamga Olen, Julius Sama Dohbit, Esther Ngo Um Meka, Emile Mboudou
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.511086
Abstract: Introduction: Postpartum Depression is one of the commonest complications of the postpartum period. In Cameroon, little is known about this condition. Our objective was to determine the prevalence and identify the risk factors for postpartum depression. Methodology: The study was carried out at the Yaoundé Gyneco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, from November 4th 2013 to April 4th 2014. All the women between the 4th and 6th week after birth who gave their consent were included. A pretested questionnaire including demographic, psychosocial, maternal and infant variables as well as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was filled. A woman with an EPDS score ≥12 was considered having postpartum depression, while a score < 12 ruled out a postpartum depression. Results: We recruited 214 women, among whom 50 had an EPDS score ≥ 12, giving a prevalence of 23.4% of postpartum depression. After multivariate analysis, the risk factors of postpartum depression were: lack of satisfaction in the marital relationship, recent financial problems, recent conflicts with the partner, baby blues, difficulties in feeding the baby and problems with the baby’s sleep. Conclusion: Postpartum depression is common and associated to specific risk factors in our setting.
The Inter Relationship of Mental State between Antepartum and Postpartum Assessed by Depression and Bonding Scales in Mothers  [PDF]
Kafumi Sugishita, Kiyoko Kamibeppu, Hiroya Matsuo
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.812126
Abstract: The number of deaths caused by child abuse is increasing, which is one of social concerns. The mental health of mothers might be related to child abuse. The aim of this study was to examine and compare the mental state of mothers in both the antepartum and postpartum period assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Mother-Infant-Bonding-Scale (MIBS), and compare the results. Participants (n = 134) were recruited twice in antepartum medical checkups (20 to 36 weeks of gestation) and postpartum medical checkups (1 month after birth). Information on characteristics of participants was collected from medical records in both periods. Family function and ante-postpartum mental health were assessed by Family APGAR, EPDS, and MIBS. Antepartum depressive state was related to postpartum depressive state (p = 0.015), antepartum bonding was related to bonding in postpartum bonding (p = 0.0001), and antepartum bonding disorder was related to postpartum depressive state (relative risk = 11.7). Worries about costs and poor of family function were related to the mental health of mothers in both the antepartum and postpartum periods. Antepartum depressive state is an indicator of postpartum depression. We suggested that health professionals conduct an evaluation of mother’s mental health and related factors in the antepartum period. The present findings emphasize the importance of antepartum mental health as a predictor of postpartum depression and bonding disorder.
Lost in a Nameless Chaos—Women’s Experiences of Postpartum Depression: A Meta-Ethnographic Study  [PDF]
Bente Dahl, Marthe Sandvoll Hermansen, Elisabeth Severinsson
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2017.78071
Abstract: Postpartum depression is a common complication related to childbearing with an estimated prevalence of 10% - 15%. The aim of the study was to explore and synthesize qualitative empirical studies published between 2005 and 2016 that describe women’s experiences of postpartum depression. Ten qualitative studies describing different perspectives on women’s experiences of postpartum depression were summarized and synthesized using Noblit and Hare’s 7-step meta-ethnographical method. Four central metaphors described women’s experiences of postpartum depression: Feeling trapped by reality, Experiencing a nameless chaos, Struggling to find a way out and Being seen as a normal but suffering person. The findings resulted in the following synthesis: The women expected the transition to motherhood to be a joyous experience. Instead, they found it painful, lonely and experienced losing themselves in a nameless chaos. Motherhood is challenged when women experience losing themselves due to depression rather than building a new identity as a mother. Such a situation causes chaos, shame, anxiety and isolation. When seeking professional help, it is essential that the woman is encountered with empathy and professional knowledge, rather than a pat on the back and an underestimation of her problems.
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