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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6288 matches for " multiple narrations "
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Mohsen Masoomi
Academic Research International , 2012,
Abstract: Many reviewers and critics have noticeably referred to various techniques of multiple narration and polyphonic composition as major structural devices in The Joke. It is believed that Milan Kundera, on one hand uses the technique multiple narration to implement his major themes, and on the other hand, inserts the polyphony of music into the realm of his novel. As a matter of fact, for Kundera the narrative structure of The Joke resembles much to that of a musical note. While each note contains uniqueness on its own, it combines and accords with other notes to produce a coherent whole. Kundera gives unity and consistency to his novel through implementing a web of individual yet interconnected narrators/characters that best perform their duties in both narration and presentation. This multi-perspectival narrative style helps the writer to put in the picture the intended themes of the story through a polyphonic narrative.
Ebenen von Erz hlungen über Sport The Many Levels of Sports Narration Los diversos niveles de la narración de deportes
Martti Silvennoinen
Forum : Qualitative Social Research , 2004,
Abstract: Zumeist dokumentieren Erz hlungen über Sport, was in Zeit und Raum geschieht. Ausgehend von dieser traditionellen Verlaufsbeschreibung ist ein Forschungsansatz entstanden, der als strukturale Geschichte des Sports bezeichnet werden kann. Verfahren, die hier zum Einsatz kommen, wollen – vergleichbar der arch ologischen Forschung – unter die "Oberfl che" des blo "Faktischen" gelangen. Ziel ist es, Ver nderungen in den sozialen Beziehungen und neue Formen in der Gegenwart zu entdecken – Figurationen von K rperlichkeit, Raum und Zeit. Wenn im ereignisbezogenen Ansatz erz hlt und rekapituliert wird, geht es um neue Ans tze des Verstehens und Interpretierens. Beide Ans tze werden üblicherweise von einem dritten Element begleitet, dem intimsten Aspekt von Erz hlungen über Sport: Es geht dann um Mikrogeschichte, um die Pfade, die diese zwischen ffentlichem und Privatem, Allgemeinem und Besonderem er ffnet, wobei der Lese-Fokus auf das erlebende und erz hlende Subjekt in den Vordergrund gelangt und Elemente der Erz hlung als "bekennende", "meditative" oder "fragmentarische" (Auto)Biographie auftauchen l sst. In dem Artikel werden diese verschiedenen Ebenen der Erz hlungen über Sport sowie die mit ihnen einhergehenden Konventionen qualitativer Sportwissenschaft diskutiert. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0402208 At its most a typical sports narrative records what happens in space and time. Alongside this traditional history of events there has emerged a research approach that might be called structural sports history. Its methods move in the world under the surface of facts, explored by researchers in ways that resemble archaeology. The aim is to uncover the changed human relationships and new forms of presence in sport—figurations of corporeality, space and time. Where the event-history approach recounts and recapitulates, the new approach works towards interpretation and understanding. These two are joined by yet a third element, the most intimate aspect of sports narratives: microhistory and the routes that it opens to the interfaces between the public and the private and the general and the particular, where the reader-oriented focus of the experiencing and narrating subject is necessarily foregrounded and at this point surface such elements of narrativity as the "confessional", the "meditative" and the " fragmentary" (auto)biography. The article describes different levels of a sports narrative and their conventions in qualitative sports research. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0402208 La narrativa típica del deporte, a lo máximo, registra lo que sucede en el tiempo y el e
Investigación de los aportes positivos y negativos de paciente y terapeuta a la alianza terapéutica: Un estudio con el algoritmo David Liberman (ADL)
Maldavsky,David; Scilletta,Delia; Perez Zambón,Silvina; álvarez,Liliana H; Sneiderman,Susana;
Subjetividad y procesos cognitivos , 2011,
Abstract: the authors undertake the study of the contributions of patient and therapist to the therapeutic alliance. for this purpose, after presenting a session (sample), they analyze the wishes and the defenses (as well as their state) in the narrations of a patient and in the speech acts of patient and therapist. subsequently they remark that there are no coincidences between the results of the studies of the main narrations and those of the speech acts of patient and therapist, but that there are coincidences between the results of the studies of the wishes and the defenses of the speech acts of patient and therapist. both bear the same combination of wishes as well as of functional and pathogenic defenses. the authors infer that both patient and therapist are engaged, to some extent, in positive collaborative work from a clinical perspective but also, to some extent, in a resistential alliance that blocks the therapeutic task.
Ebru KAVAS (M.A.H.)
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: In study, it was aimed to examine how a modernplay transforms the theme and the form in the publicnarrations. While the public narrations were beingexamined, they were associated with a text passed into awritten form from the aural tradition in terms of“intertextual” context in order to reveal how the story waspresented by modernizing it and how the content of itwas changed. The main data for analyzing theadaptations based on the public narrations were differentplays developed from different point of views. Textual andlinguistic formations, rhetoric of the texts, the differencesof the texts from the form in tradition in terms ofaesthetic and creative respects, the existence of themeaning loses and deviations, the effect of the theatretechniques on the form of the story etc. were the topicsexamined in the scope of this study. This study whichwas carried out to reveal the problem which is theprofiting by tradition of public narration in Turkishtheaters in the period of The Republic how culturalvalues were adopted to present era by modernizing them,the points where the writer diverged from the original textand how the narration developed according to thenecessities of the era and according to the linguisticpower of the writer is believed to be an example for thesimilar studies.
El empleo de herramientas informáticas en la investigación sistemática del discurso en psicología
Subjetividad y procesos cognitivos , 2010,
Abstract: in the first place the author refers to the first intents in the country to carry out systematic studies of discourse with a clinical or psychosocial approach. then the autor differentiates the different levels of discourse analysis: narrations, acts of speech, words, and their specific value. after that the author mentions the developments of the past two decades regarding natural language research by means of information technology tools, especially dictionaries. then the author refers to an instrument developed for the investigation of wishes in clinical research, which integrates a more comprehensive method, the david liberman (dla) algorithm. to situate the dictionary in the context of the research instruments of the method, the author describes some general features of the concepts and levels of analysis of the method. he refers briefly to studies with the dla of 1) narrated scenes (through the narrations research), 2) scenes deployed in the relationship (through the investigation of acts of speech, paraverbal components and motricity), and 3) words (through the computerized dictionary). then the author presents certain traits of the comparisons between the results of the analyses ensuing from the application of the dla instruments. next the author summarily presents some general features of the dictionary: concepts, number of words, preparation of the material, functions of the dictionary for the analysis of material. after illustrating the different functions of the dictionary, the author refers to some brief examples of its use in clinical research.
Diagnóstico de un paciente con una adicción, una tentativa suicida y estallidos graves de violencia: Una aplicación del algoritmo David Liberman (adl) a una entrevista clínica
Subjetividad y procesos cognitivos , 2009,
Abstract: this paper investigates the psychic processes (considered as combinations between the drives and the defenses and their state) and the intersubjectivity (in the therapeutic exchange) in a patient, in which the consumption, a suicidal attempt and the violence are combined, together with other less severe manifestations. in first place the author exposes the sample, constituted by the synthesis of an interview generously sent by j.c. perry. thereafter the author presents the questions that the paper expects to answer, the method of investigation (the david liberman algorithm, dla) and the procedures. as it is a diagnostic study, we also define how it is psychoanalytically conceived (as an articulation between different psychic currents and their changes, and between the intrapsychic and intersubjective processes during the interview and during different periods of the patient's life). after that we analyze extensively the sample with two different strategies: 1) having a global perspective of the interacting psychic currents, and 2) giving coherence to the clusters of our partial results. finally, the author discusses the outcomes of the analysis and proposes some conclusions, which include some brief comments about an innovation regarding the method of analysis (criterion of articulation between different results). the paper also shows new resources to briefly expose the analysis of the interview.
Réseaux et histoires
Harrison White
SociologieS , 2007,
Abstract: Les réseaux sociaux ne sont pas constitués de tuyaux reliant des entités figées. Ils résultent des efforts de contr le des identités pour faire face à l’incertitude radicale, aussi bien dans le monde social que dans le monde bio-physique. Ces efforts de contr le produisent des histoires, dont dérivent les liens qui constituent les réseaux. Ainsi, une relation est interprétée à travers des histoires, non seulement par ceux qui y participent mais aussi par les observateurs. Les histoires s’enchevêtrent et forment des assemblages dans lesquels des régularités peuvent être observées, notamment trois fa ons de différencier les liens. La première fa on consiste à spécifier un type de lien sur la base des formes de recouvrement observées entre des identités et des groupes. La deuxième fa on distingue l’asymétrie et la symétrie dans les relations. Enfin, la troisième fa on de différencier est fondée sur la force des liens. Les liens peuvent donc être de type multiplexe ou spécialisé, selon qu’ils associent différents registres ou non, les topologies de réseau pouvant être reconstruites à partir de ces différentes perspectives. Dans tous les cas, la notion de réseau qui émerge de cette approche est étroitement liée à de complexes formations narratives et peut servir aussi bien aux acteurs qu’aux observateurs pour rendre compte de la vie sociale. Networks and storiesSocial networks are not pipes connecting motionless entities. They are the result of control attempts by identities dealing with uncertainty, both in their social and bio-physical environments. These control attempts evoke stories from which links constituting networks are derived. A relation is thus interpreted through stories, not only by those who are embedded in them, but also by observers. Stories intermesh and yield assemblages in which regularities can be observed, notably three ways of distinguishing links. The first way is induced by overlaps among identities and groups. The second way is based on symmetry and asymmetry. Finally, the third way is related to the strength of ties. Therefore, links can be multiplex if they interlock different topics or specialized otherwise. Network topologies can be built on these different perspectives. In any case, the notion of network used in this approach is closely related to complex narratives and can be used by actors and observers alike to account for social life. Devenir histórico y redes socialesLos conjuntos sociales no están constituidos por tubos que unen entidades immobiles sinó que son el resultado del control ejercido por las diferen
écriture et dissidence dans les fictions spéculatives de Pascal Quignard : sur l′exemple de Boutès
Patricia Martínez García
?édille : Revista de Estudios Franceses , 2013,
Abstract: In Boutès (2008) Pascal Quignard rescues the figure of this pre-Homeric neglected hero, hidden in one of the best known mythological legends, that of Ja-son and Argona, to which Apollonius of Rhodes only dedicates but a few lines. Contrary to Ulysses and Orpheus, Butes abandons the rowing and lets himself be carried away by the sirens’ chant. In Quignard′s opinion, he dissents from the exemplary model of the heroes that have founded our culture, and dissociates himself from the group that tries to enclose and domesticate the outcast. Based on Quignard′s reading of this myth, we propose an approach to his writing as a token of ethic and aesthetic dissidence, affecting different aspects: dissidence from prevailing models of socialization, dissi-dence from traditional literary forms and conventional genres, dissidence from meta-narratives and their linear vision of history, and finally, dissidence from modern conceptions of time and progress.
Revista de derecho (Valdivia) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-09502007000100010
Abstract: the present article takes into account "narrative" theories that have been elaborated over the past few years concerning what takes place in the judicial process, particularly emphasizing the judgement about the facts. three main problems are addressed: the nature of narrations, in general and within the judicial process context; the construction of narrations involving the facts of the case, and the issue of veracity in factual narrations. the fundamental thesis is that, despite taking on account the "narrative" aspects existing in the process, there is also a need for thestatements regarding facts to be subjected by the judge to a true/false judgment. it is not possible to conceive that the decision should be taken only on the basis of the narrative coherence of a "story" someone has told.
A Dynamic Multiple Watermarking Algorithm Based on DWT and HVS  [PDF]
Li Zhang, Xilan Yan, Hongsong Li, Minrong Chen
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.58059
Abstract: In this paper, a dynamic robust multiple watermarking algorithm is proposed based on Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) and Human Visual System (HVS). Watermark image is transformed by Arnold transform. Original image is divided into blocks with 8 by 8 and each block is transformed by DWT. By adopting the Just Noticeable Difference (JND) of HVS and changing low frequency coefficients, binary string message can be embedded into the decomposed original image. Watermark can be extracted blindly. Experimental results have shown that the proposed watermarking has robust against many attacks such as JPEG compressing, cropping, additive noise, line removal, median filter and related attacks with sinStirMark.
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