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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1313 matches for " mouth breathing "
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Respiración bucal en ni?os de 3-5 a?os. Parroquia Catia la Mar Vargas. Enero-junio de 2008
Pérez Qui?ónez,José Alberto; Martínez,Jorge Luis; Moure Ibarra,Miriam; Pérez Padrón,Alejandro;
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2010,
Abstract: normal breathing involves the adequate usage of the nasal and nasopharyngeal tract. the volume increase of the structures inside these spaces makes impossible air passing through these ducts, resulting in children breathing through the mouth, bringing about serious alterations of the stomatognathic apparatus, affecting the child in aesthetical, functional, and psychical way. we developed a transversal, descriptive study, with the objective of characterizing, in a clinical and epidemiological way, mouth breathing in children aged 3-5 years in the parrish catia la mar, from january to june 2008. the universe was formed by 350 children and the sample by 100 children having the habit of mouth breathing. the mouth breathing habit was observed in younger children, more frequently male. pathological mouth breathing prevailed over mouth breathing per habit in male children. bronchial asthma and asthmatic bronchitis were predominant in ages between 3 and 5 years, the most affected genre was the male one, while among females acute rhinitis prevailed at the age of 5. the patients with obstructions in the respiratory ways were mouth breathers and there was a predominance of adenoidal and/or tonsillar hypertrophy, and turbinal hypertrophy for girls and septum deviation for boys.
Prevalência de crian?as respiradoras orais
Abreu, Rubens Rafael;Rocha, Regina Lunardi;Lamounier, Joel Alves;Guerra, ?ngela Francisca Marques;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572008000600015
Abstract: objective: to determine the prevalence of mouth breathing among children aged 3 to 9 years living in the urban districts of the town of abaeté, mg, brazil. methods: this study assesses a representative, randomized sample of the town's population (23,596 inhabitants). children were selected by lots according to a random number table until 370 had been enrolled; this number had been determined by statistical calculation. a protocol for anamnesis and clinical assessment of the patients was specially developed for this project since no preexisting instruments could be found in the literature that had been validated and were appropriate for the purpose. data were analyzed using spss version 10.5. results: the prevalence of mouth breathing was found to be 55%, or 204 children. conclusion: further studies are needed to validate a questionnaire for the clinical diagnosis of mouth breathers at the primary care level.
A síndrome do respirador bucal como fator de risco para queilite actínica
Leite, Rubens Marcelo Souza;Leite, Adriana Arag?o Craveiro;Friedman, Horácio;Friedman, Isabel;
Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0365-05962003000100007
Abstract: chronic oral breathing is characterized by respiratory and anatomic alterations found in children who breathe through their mouth only. through open-mouth breathing, these patients develop anatomic deformities such as a typical adenoid facies. such anatomic alterations make the lower lip of these patients more prone to uv action and its related actinic damage. this paper discusses an 11-year-old boy with chronic oral breathing who showed serious actinic damage to his lower lip. the authors argue that chronic oral breathing could be a risk factor for the development of actinic cheilitis.
Dentofacial morphology of mouth breathing children
Faria, Patrícia Toledo Monteiro;Ruellas, Antonio Carlos de Oliveira;Matsumoto, Mírian Aiko Nakane;Anselmo-Lima, Wilma T.;Pereira, Fabiana C.;
Brazilian Dental Journal , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-64402002000200010
Abstract: the relationship between dentofacial morphology and respiration has been debated and investigated from various approaches. the aim of this study was to verify the skeletal and dental relationship of mouth and nose breathing children. thirty-five children, 7 to 10 years of age, were submitted to orthodontic and otorhinolaryngologic evaluations and were separated into 2 groups: 15 nose breathers and 20 mouth breathers. each subject underwent a cephalometric radiograph analysis. statistical analysis (mann-whitney u test) indicated that changed mode of breathing was associated with 1) maxillo-mandibular retrusion in relation to the cranial base in the mouth breathers; 2) the sngogn and nsgn angles were greater in the mouth breathing group; 3) incisor inclination in both jaws and the interincisal angle were not different between groups. there was no statistically significant difference in the maxillary and mandibular molar heights between the nose breathers and mouth breathers.
Adenotonsillectomy in facial growing patients: spontaneous dental effects
Pereira, Silvia Regina Amorim;Bakor, Silvia Fuerte;Weckx, Luc Louis Maurice;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942011000500011
Abstract: children with hypertrophic tonsils and adenoids may have adverse effects on dental occlusion, which tend to worsen during the growth period. diagnosis and early treatment is essential. aim: prospective clinical study to compare the cephalometric measurements before and after adenotonsillectomy in mouth breathing patients. material and method: we had 38 patients of both genders, aged between 7 and 11 years in our sample, broken down into: oral group, 18 patients with obstructive hypertrophy of pharyngeal tonsil and/or palate grade 3 or 4; control group, 20 patients with normal breathing. angular and linear dental measurements were compared between the groups in a 14 months interval. we used the "t" student and wilcoxon tests for unpaired samples, at 5% significance, for statistical purposes. results: the sagittal position and axial angle of the lower incisors increased significantly in the group with oral breathing, the sagittal position of the upper incisors increased significantly in the oral group, which still had a significant increase in overbite. conclusion: adenotonsillectomy was very effective in improving some dental measurements, with benefits to growing patients preventing malocclusions from becoming difficult to treat or permanent.
Transverse craniofacial dimensions in Angle Class II, Division 1 malocclusion according to breathing mode
Coelho, Agda Rísia David Pinto;Tanaka, Orlando;Ribeiro, Jucienne Salgado;Machado, Maria ?ngela Naval;Camargo, Elisa Souza;
Brazilian Oral Research , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-83242010000100012
Abstract: the aim of this longitudinal study was to assess the relation between the transverse craniofacial dimensions of subjects with class ii, division 1 malocclusion and the breathing mode presented by them. forty angle class ii, division 1 malocclusion subjects of both genders participated in the study, 23 of which were predominantly nose breathers and 17 were predominantly mouth breathers. the mean age ranged from 10 years and 9 months to 14 years - age range 1; and from 13 years and 4 months to 16 years and 6 months - age range 2. measurements of six transverse craniofacial dimensions were performed in p-a teleradiographs: total sphenoid, total zygomatic, total nasal cavity, total maxilla, total mastoid and total antegonion. the transversal craniofacial dimensions were measured and compared in both groups at age ranges 1 and 2. the longitudinal assessment of age ranges 1 and 2 showed that there was no statistically significant influence of the breathing mode on the craniofacial dimensions evaluated, or on the alteration of these dimensions. breathing mode had no influence on craniofacial development in the sample studied.
Dimens?es nasofaringeanas e faciais em diferentes padr?es morfológicos
Feres, Murilo Fernando Neuppmann;Enoki, Carla;Anselmo-Lima, Wilma Terezinha;Matsumoto, Mirian Aiko Nakane;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512010000300007
Abstract: objective: the purpose of this study was to compare the dimensions of the nasopharynx and the skeletal features-evaluated by cephalometric examination-of individuals with different morphological patterns. methods: were used cephalometric radiographs of 90 patients of both genders, aged 12 to 16 years, which were also divided into three distinct groups, according to their morphological patterns, i.e., brachyfacials, mesofacials and dolichofacials. measurements were performed of specific nasopharyngeal regions (ad1-ptm, ad2-ptm, ad1-ba, ad2-s0, (ad1-ad2-s0-ba-ad1/ptm-s 0-ba-ptm) x 100, and ptm-ba), and relative to the facial skeletal patterns. results: dolichofacial patients were found to have lower than average bone depth sagittally (ba-ptm) and lower nasopharyngeal airway depth (ad1-ptm and ad2-ptm). arguably, these differences are linked to a relatively more posterior position of the maxilla, typical of these patients. no differences were found, however, in the soft tissue thickness of the posterior nasopharyngeal wall (ad1-ba and ad2-s0), or their proportion in the whole area bounded by the nasopharynx ((ad1-ad2-s0-ba-ad1/ptm-s 0-ba-ptm) x 100). conclusions: we therefore suggest that the excessively vertical facial features found in dolichofacial patients may be the result, among other factors, of nasopharyngeal airway obstruction, since such dimensions were shown to be smaller in dolichofacials.
Respira??o bucal no contexto multidisciplinar: percep??o de ortodontistas da cidade do Recife
Menezes, Valdenice Aparecida de;Cavalcanti, Luiza Laranjeira;Albuquerque, Tamara Cavalcanti de;Garcia, Ana Flávia Granville;Leal, Rossana Barbosa;
Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-94512011000600014
Abstract: objectives: to assess the knowledge of a mouth breathing pattern among orthodontists in the city of recife, brazil, and to examine their treatment protocols. methods: in this cross-sectional study, members of the orthodontics and facial orthopedics association of pernambuco responded individual structured interviews. a form with 14 questions, validated using the face value method, was used to collect data. the level of significance was set at 5%. results: of the 90 participants, 55.6% were women; 78.9% were specialists (the highest educational level); 67.8% worked full-time in private practice, and 38.9% were also professors. the most frequent diagnostic criteria were: body posture (97.8%), lip competence (96.7%), and dark circles under the eyes (86.7%), with similar results among young and old orthodontists. the use of the glatzel mirror was infrequent (3.3%). the most frequently mentioned mouth breathing sequelae were craniofacial (94.4%) and body posture (37.8%) changes. according to interviewees, mouth breathing duration (84.4%) was the item most often associated with sequelae. there were no significant associations between time since graduation and any of the factors under analysis. most respondents, whether working in private clinics or in the public healthcare system, believed that mouth breathers should be treated by a multidisciplinary team. conclusions: most orthodontists, regardless of experience, have knowledge of the mouth breathing syndrome and understand the need of a multidisciplinary treatment.
Aspectos indicativos de envelhecimento facial precoce em respiradores orais adultos
Oliveira, Aline Cabral de;Anjos, César Ant?nio Lira dos;Silva, érika Henriques de Araújo Alves da;Menezes, Pedro de Lemos;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872007000300009
Abstract: background: early facial aging in mouth breathing adults. aim: to verify the presence of indicative factors of early facial aging and to characterize the measurements of the projection of the nasogeniane fold to the tragus and of the face width in mouth and nose breathing adults. method: aspects of early facial aging were observed in 60 individuals (presence of dark circles and wrinkles under the eyes, mentual wrinkles and mentual ridges). measurements of the projection of the nasogeniane fold to the tragus and of the face width (distance between the buccinators) were taken using a digital caliper. later, the volunteers were submitted to speech-language evaluations (anamneses and orofacial myofuntional assessment) and to an otolaryngology inspection in order to establish the diagnosis of mouth breathing (anamneses, clinical evaluation and video laryngoscopy). the obtained data were analyzed according to descriptive statistics and to the following statistic tests: kolmogorov-smirnov, shapiro-wilk, qui-square, mann-withney and the t-student test for independent variables. differences were considered significant when the p value was inferior to .05 and the accepted beta error was of .1. results: the research sample consisted only of female volunteers. for the research group (mouth breathers) the age average was of 22.04 ± 2.25 years and, for the control group (nose breathers) the age average was of 21.94 ± 2.03 years. the presence of a high percentage of indicative factors of early facial aging was observed for the group of mouth breathers when compared to the group of nose breathers. greater differences between the projections of the nasogenianos ridges in right and left side of the face was also observed for the group of mouth breathers. however, higher values of face widths were observed for the nose breathing individuals, configuring a discreetly more widened face in the cheek region. conclusions: in the present study there was a higher indication of early facial a
Estudo da rela??o entre a respira??o oral e o tipo facial
Bianchini, Ana Paula;Guedes, Zelita Caldeira Ferreira;Vieira, Marilena Manno;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992007000400008
Abstract: breathing is responsible for facial and cranial morphology development. aim: investigate in order to see if there is any relationship between oral breathing and facial type. material and methods: 119 male and female teenagers, with ages ranging between 15 and 18 years. the sample was separated in two groups: a-50 teenage oral breathers, 28 males and 22 females; and group b- 69 teenage nasal breathers, 37 males and 32 females. the sample was collected at the centro de atendimento e apoio ao adolescente do departamento de pediatria da unifesp/ epm. we evaluated breathing and facial measures. results: by means of anthropometric indexes we classified facial types and associated them with the person?s breathing type, hypereuriprosopic (total=0; oral breathers 0%; nasal breathers 0%; euriprosopic (total=14; oral breathers 2.52%, nasal breathers 9.24%;mesoprosope (total=20; oral breathers 19.32%; nasal breathers 21.01%, leptoprosopic (total=37; oral breathers 14.29%; nasal breathers 16.81%; hyperleptoprosopic (total =48; oral breathers 5.89% nasal breathers 10.92%). the mesoprosopic facial type was found in 48 teenagers (40.33%) of whom 25 (21.01%) were oral breathers and 23 (19.32%) were nasal breathers. conclusion: it was not possible to prove the existence of an association between oral breathing and facial type.
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