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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 435 matches for " money laundry "
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García M,Mario;
Cuadernos de Economía , 2002,
Abstract: the article points out some of the problems of dollarizing colombia, focusing on the environment for investment and the effect on money laundry. it is stated that, like in argentina, dollarization may create a socially explosive environment that does not favor investment. the article concludes with some considerations about the long run effects.
Mihai HOTCA,Silvia NI U
Lex et Scientia , 2009,
Abstract: De lege lata, in the Romanian criminal law, the matter of the circumstance of the persons that can have the capacity of active subjects of the infraction of money laundry is. Mainly, it is about the answer to the question: Can the participant to the infraction from which come laundered assets (deliquens principale) be active subject of the infraction of money laundry? The legal practice is uneven and the doctrine is, in its turn, divided in this matter. Next, we will try to present the arguments that support the two points of view and we will try to answer the above asked question.
Excessive Base Money and Global Financial Crisis in Relation to the Essence of the So-Called “Abenomics”  [PDF]
Goro Takahashi
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2013.24013
Abstract: After the financial crisis of 2008, we are facing possibility of a global financial crisis further. Most of the financial crises have occurred in situations when there is so much money in the financial market, but they have not often occurred in cases when the market does not have enough money. This thought, however, is not general common sense in the financial academic field. Based on general understanding, the cause of financial crisis is the lack of money with the rise of interest rates in the financial market. If the lack of money is the reason for financial crisis, then we have never met with any financial crisis, because most leading countries have much money in the financial market in nowadays. According to theory of Economics, government deficit plus current account surplus means surplus of savings in the private sector of the country. Currently, most countries with big-scale economy have big deficits in their national accounts. But there is enough money in the business sector. I focus on this aspect and then analyze the base money policy of the central bank of some countries, and analyze its effect or the meaning of excessive base money in the financial market. As a general economic rule, the excess of money in a financial market causes a low interest rate. On the other hand, governments are faced with less money. If enough money in the money market flows to the treasury account, the government gets national fiscal balance. But it is not easy for most governments to create the balance. The reason behind this is the failure of a national economic and fiscal policy, including tax policy. Many countries and communities are facing problems with the flow of money from the private sector to the government. This problem is one of the biggest international issues which should be solved immediately (Taylor, 2009). Of course, we cannot neglect the fact that there are countries having little money even their private sector like Greece, Italy, Spain, and so on. Economic growth is the only measure to solve the financial problem in these countries. I do not consider these countries in this paper. The financial markets that I focus on in this paper are the US, the EURO Area, China and Japan. Many experts and economic politician worldwide consider “Abenomics” noteworthy. It aims at increasing base money in the financial market of Japan. The biggest purpose of this policy is for breaking away from deflation. Japanese Prime minister Abe also expects devaluation of the Yen, and increase in Japanese export. Later in this paper, we will see that the amount of
Testing of the Adhesion of Herpes Simplex Virus on Textile Substrates and Its Inactivation by Household Laundry Processes  [PDF]
Anja Gerhardts, Dirk Bockmühl, Andrea Kyas, Anja Hofmann, Mirko Weide, Ingrid Rapp, Dirk H?fer
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2016.412015
Abstract: Viral infections like Herpes simplex increasingly pose a serious threat to European health care systems and welfare of the population. Indirect transmission routes of infections via inanimate surfaces are often underestimated. In this study, we investigated the adhesion and persistence of Herpes simplex virus on cotton fabrics as well as its inactivation by domestic laundry. Virus adhesion to textile fibers was distinct, because viral DNA was detectable on fabrics for at least 48 hours after contamination as well as after home laundry. Particles remained infectious for several hours at room temperature and partially for 48 hours at 2 - 8. Nevertheless, domestic laundry was able to inactivate virus particles given that detergents were adequately used. This confirmed that standard household laundry processes, as established in Europe, are a suitable tool to reduce infectious Herpes virus particles from textiles, thereby supporting the prevention of infections circulating in the household and community.
Riesgos laborales en la concepción de los trabajadores de una lavandería hospitalaria
Fontana,Rosane Teresinha; Nunes,Daiane Henk;
Enfermería Global , 2013,
Abstract: it is an exploratory, qualitative approach, developed with laundry workers at a medium-sized hospital in the northwest region of rio grande do sul, in the first half of 2011. this study aimed to identify occupational hazards present in the area of a hospital laundry room from the perspective of workers. data was collected through interviews and analyzed using thematic analysis. it was identified that the majority of the subjects recognize that there are risks at work, physical, caused by biological and chemical agents that can cause accidents. to improve working conditions and reduce the risk of accidents and illnesses more preventive health care may be needed, mobilizing resources for creating a healthy atmosphere, such as continuing education in health and worker participation in risk management.
Arthrobacter arilaitensis Re117 as a Source of Solvent-Stable Proteases: Production, Characteristics, Potential Application in the Deproteinization of Shrimp Wastes and Evaluation in Liquid Laundry Commercial Detergents  [PDF]
Rayda Siala, Ines Hammemi, Sabrine Sellimi, Tatiana Vallaeys, Alya Sellami Kamoun, Moncef Nasri
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2015.62011
Abstract: The present study describes the characterization of crude protease extract from Arthrobacter arilaitensis Re117 and its evaluation in solid and liquid detergent. One caseinolytic protease clear band was observed in zymogram. The crude alkaline protease showed optimum activity at pH 9.0 and 50°C, and it was highly stable over a wide range of pH from 8.0 to 9.0. Proteolytic enzymes showed extreme stability towards non-ionic surfactants (Tween 80, Tween 20 and Triton X-100) and stimulate activity towards oxidizing agents such as sodium perborate. They also showed high stability and compatibility with various laundry solid detergents from Tunisian market. The protease of A. arilaitensis Re117, was also tested for shrimp waste deproteinization to produce chitin. The protein removal with a ratio E/S of 20 was about 83%. The novelties of the Re117 protease include its high stability to organic solvents and surfactants. These unique properties make it an ideal choice for application in detergent formulations and enzymatic peptide synthesis. In addition, the enzyme may find potential applications in the deproteinization of shrimp wastes to produce chitin.
The Role of Money: Credible Asset or Numeraire?  [PDF]
Masayuki Otaki
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.22031
Abstract: It is well known that money is neutral if 1) people hold the extraneous belief that it is an only numeraire and does not possess intrinstic value, and 2) new money is injected into an economy as its own interest in the OLG model under perfect information (Lucas [1] Theorem (2)). We find that whenever 1) is not satisfied and money is rationally held to have substance value, money becomes non-neutral even if we use the same model as Lucas [1].
A Simultaneous-Equation Model of Money Demand and Money Supply for Canada  [PDF]
Yu Hsing, Abul M. M. Jamal
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.41004

We estimate the money demand function and the money supply function for Canadasimultaneously by the three-stage least squares method. The inflation gap and the output gap are incorporated in the money supply function. Real money demand is positively affected by real GDP and negatively associated with the Treasury bill rate and the nominal effecttive exchange rate. Real money supply is positively influenced by the Treasury bill rate and negatively impacted by the inflation gap and the output gap.

Transfer Pricing-Based Money Laundering in Barter Trade  [PDF]
Dexiang Mei, Xiaojun Li
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.66071
Abstract: Barter trade attracts money launderers by its flexible contract, payment term of reciprocal letters of credit, and convenient capital flight and tax evasion. As far as fair value and invoiced value of the transacted goods are concerned, transfer price-based money laundering in barter trade is done by the means of deflated import-inflated export, inflated import-deflated export, deflated import-deflated export, and inflated import-inflated export, where the money laundered can be measured by capital flight, income tax evasion, import duty evasion, and VAT refund evasion in each case. So we should reinforce transaction supervision, promote intelligence exchange, perfect relative regulations, and improve anti-money laundering awareness and capabilities.
Assessing Money Laundering Risk of Financial Institutions with AHP: Supervisory Perspective  [PDF]
Ke Jia, Xi Zhao, Ling Zhang
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2013.21004

This paper proposed a risk assessment model with which supervisory authorities can calculate the money laundering risk (MLR) level of financial institutions and make comparisons among multiple institutions. The model is based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) and decomposes MLR into two second-tier criteria, i.e. Inherent Risk & Control Risk. AHP pair wise comparisons made by the experts from various fields are processed through AHP software to get the weight of each factor. Using this model, MLR of each financial institution could be obtained and certain comparison among them could be carried out.

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