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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 42 matches for " mafia "
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Identità e omofobia in Cosa Nostra: un contributo gruppoanalitico soggettuale
Cecilia Giordano,Maria Di Blasi
Narrare i Gruppi , 2012,
Abstract: contribution proposes some reflections on identity, sexuality and homophobia in Mafia contexts. The studies on Mafia psychology have allowed so far to highlight how weak is the identity of people belonging to Mafia criminal organizations and the impossibility to conceive diversity in whatever form it presents itself. Homosexuality in particular represents in these contexts the terrifying fear of otherness and the dread of losing control of the impenetrable rigidity Mafia identity is based on.By using fragments of interviews to justice collaborators, the article highlights that what a man of mafia is really scared of is the essential experience of erotic possession (no matter whether heterosexual or homosexual). Each relationship that, like love, requires ability to get lost in the encounter with the other, terrifies the Mafia man who reacts to this threat of possession with the most primitive weapons of defense: submission and annihilation. The authors look at homophobia from a theoretical subjectual group-analysis perspective, which integrates both emotional, and cognitive and socio-cultural aspects.
Mafia e psicoterapia
Giusy Cannizzaro
Narrare i Gruppi , 2012,
Abstract: ork is built on Girolamo Lo Verso’s work "The mafia in psychotherapy," a book which includes nearly two decades of studies on the psychology of Mafia and allows the reader to shed light on a little known field, both nationally and internationally, such as that relating to the therapeutic relationship with patients belonging to Mafia families, and understand the serious psychic consequences Mafia causes both in its members and those who get in touch with it for various reasons (citizens, victims, community ...).In addition to the presentation of the research carried out over the years, the description of numerous clinical cases which show the enormous pain and mental suffering in and out of cosa nostra appears to be particularly significant.Mafia in Psychotherapy appears to be an important tool for those involved in caring relationships, since besides providing useful information for the understanding of these patients’ inner world, it also highlights the possible "relational traps" a therapist may encounter, and this especially thanks to the presentation in the text of the results of a research on countertransference dynamics that are activated in the therapist, a specific countertransference which is different from those experienced by therapists who cope with similar psychopathological configurations, but not connected to Mafia. A journey through the maze of the "dark pain" inflicted by Mafia. An important contribution, the one offered by Lo Verso, not only for understanding and scientific investigation, but also to concretely contrast the phenomenon.
Aiutare le vittime della mafia a ribellarsi
Roberto Riccardi
Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza , 2007,
Abstract: Nino Miceli is a Sicilian man, owner of a small business: at the beginning of 1990s he is concessionnaire of cars in Gela, an quite big town in Sicily. He works hard and soon he starts to earn a lot. Business is very good, and customers are satisfied and everything seems to go on successfully. But the mafia keeps an eye on him and, at a certain point, he was asked to pay them what in Italy is called “pizzo”. Nino Miceli does not want to pay it, he does not want to surrender to the mafia coercion. However, at the beginning he pays the “pizzo” but then he starts to record the conversation he has with those men (the “mafiosi”), in order to prove and demonstrate the crime. He also looks for protection at the local station of Carabinieri; finally, he decides to report the extortion but, from that time on, he starts to experience more and more serious threats.Helped by an officer of Carabinieri, he becomes a witness of justice and, for that reason, he must change his identity. He leaves Sicily along with his family and move into a different region of Italy, far from his town, where nobody knows him. In 2007 he decides to write a book of memories, titled “Io, il fu Nino Miceli” (in English it could sound like “I was Nino Miceli”). This article tells his story, speaking also about the role played by the Arma of Carabinieri in supporting victims of racket and usury.Nino Miceli est un entrepreneur sicilien originaire de Realmonte, une ville en province d'Agrigento. Au début des années 90, il est proprietaire du garage Lancia à Gela. Il s'engage beaucoup dans son travail et les résultats ne tardent pas à arriver. La clientèle augmente, les affaires vont bon train, mais c'est justement quand l'entreprise est en train de prospérer que la mafia lui demande des comptes. Il doit payer le pot-de-vin comme tous les commer ants du quartier. Nino Miceli n'est pas d'accord avec cela. Au début il subit, mais il commence bient t à enregistrer les conversations avec les percepteurs de Cosa Nostra pour collecter les preuves du crime. Il est poussé et soutenu par un officier des Carabinieri, il porte plainte pour extorsion, et à la suite de quoi il sera menacé et subira des rétorsions. Il doit déménager, il devient témoin de justice, il change d'identité. Au début de l'année 2007 son livre est publié avec le titre "Io, il fu Nino Miceli" (Moi, le fut Nino Miceli).La revue "Il Carabiniere" a recueilli son témoignage et l'a publié dans le numéro d'Avril 2007. Cette contribution analysera donc le r le de l'Arme des Carabiniers dans le parcours entrepris par cet homme, qui devient e
Dinamiche di manipolazione mentale ed organizzazioni di stampo mafioso / Dynamiques de manipulation mentale et organisations criminelles de type mafieux / Dynamics of mental manipulation and Mafia groups
Pomilla A.,Glyka G. K.
Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza , 2010,
Abstract: Questo articolo si focalizza sull’analisi delle dinamiche di manipolazione mentale che i gruppi mafiosi esercitano sui propri affiliati, in grado di determinare progressivi vincoli morali non già in virtù delle attività criminose che verranno poi svolte, bensì in relazione alle rappresentazioni mentali che gli stessi hanno verso di sé in quanto appartenenti a tale gruppo. Verranno quindi descritte le rappresentazioni mentali che gli affiliati hanno di se stessi, nonché quelle provenienti dalle disamine interpretative esterne. Verrà inoltre illustrato il “pensiero mafioso” quale profonda ed inconscia modalità ideativa che caratterizza il “gruppo mafia” con valori più saldi e forti di quelli familiari ed in virtù della quale si determinano proprio quei meccanismi di svincolo morale che sostanziano la dimensione criminologica delle organizzazioni di stampo mafioso.Cet article se concentre sur l'analyse des dynamiques de manipulation mentale que les groupes mafieux exercent sur leurs affiliés, des dynamiques capables de susciter un désinvestissement moral progressif, non pas lié aux activités criminelles qui seront développées par la suite, mais en relation avec les représentations mentales que les individus ont d’eux-mêmes, en tant que membres d’un tel groupe. Ainsi, nous décrirons les représentations mentales que les membres ont d’eux-mêmes, ainsi que celles tirées des analyses interprétatives externes. De plus, nous illustrerons la pensée mafieuse en tant que modalité idéative profonde et inconsciente qui caractérise le groupe mafieux marqué (et soudé) par des valeurs plus solides et plus fortes que celles issues du milieu familial et grace auxquelles se déterminent ces mécanismes de désinvestissement moral qui caractérisent la dimension criminologique des organisations de type mafieux.This article analyses the dynamics of mental manipulation that the Mafia groups impose on their own affiliates and the importance of the moral commitment inside the group. This analysis will also describes the mental representations of the affiliates and the Mafia’s image in the world. Finally, the article will illustrate Mafia’s way of thinking; its deep and unconscious ideas; its values, stronger than the family ones; the mechanisms of moral release that characterize “Mafia group” from a criminological point of view.
The Sicilian Mafia: transformation to a global evil
Puccio-Den,Deborah;
Etnográfica , 2008,
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to explore the ways in which social perceptions of the mafia have shifted over time. initially considered as a sicilian way of being, as an attitude, the sicilian mafia was subsequently viewed as a universal, global, and even religious form of evil, to be fought in a war in which texts and images were weapons and judicial institutions constituted the battlefield. i will also explore how local powers institutionalised an ?anti-mafia religion?, using as a case-study the festival of santa rosalia in palermo. in this context, i will discuss the emergence of a new, anti-mafia iconography and the use of a specific literary genre, that of political hagiography.
Concorso eventuale nell’associazione mafiosa: la formazione del diritto vivente e la praticabilità investigativa e processuale delle soluzioni applicative / Concours externe en association mafieuse : la constitution du droit vivant et l’application possible des solutions envisagées à l’enquête et à la procédure pénale / Possible complicity in mafia organised crime
Rombo Vincenzo
Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza , 2012,
Abstract: While maintaining its inherent characteristics, inspired by a violent logic of domination, the Mafia is evolving, becoming capable of dealing with society in different contexts and in ways that are beyond its archaic methods of operation.In this sense, the Italian penal jurisprudence has authorized the institution of the crime of possible complicity in mafia organized crime with the attempt to combat such a form of flanking on mafia association and contribution, perpetrated by outsiders to the traditional social environment of this phenomenon.A carefully reading of this offense allows the author to trace the evolution of the Supreme Court jurisprudence on possible complicity in mafia organized crime, grasping the critical issues and suggesting a possible legislative solution.Même si ses caractéristiques typiques, inspirées par une logique violente de domination, restent inchangées, la mafia évolue, devenant capable d’établir des relations avec la société globale grace à des modes opératoires différents par rapport à ses propres méthodes archa ques. En ce sens, la jurisprudence a autorisé l’utilisation du concours externe en association mafieuse pour essayer de combattre les formes de soutien et de contribution à l’association mafieuse assurées par des personnes étrangères au contexte social traditionnel du phénomène. Une lecture prudente de ce délit permet d’examiner l’évolution jurisprudentielle de la Cour de Cassation afin de saisir les criticités et d’envisager une possibilité de solution normative.
Sequestrati dalla vendetta: “rimanere chiusi fuori dall’oggetto”
Rosa Lo Baido,Sabina La Grutta,Marie Di Blasi
Narrare i Gruppi , 2013,
Abstract: RiassuntoA partire dal loro lavoro di psicoterapeute e attraverso alcuni frammenti clinici che si riferiscono ad un gruppo di adolescenti svoltosi in un quartiere a rischio di Palermo, le Autrici analizzano la dimensione mafiosa non restringendola al solo comportamento criminale; piuttosto declinandola lungo alcuni significanti: non identità e gruppo mafioso che colonizza e sottomette lo psichismo del singolo; fantasmi familiari potenti e spietati che impediscono il costituirsi di sé originali e autonomi; personalità impastate di indifferenza emotiva e vendicatività. Significanti che rendono conto delle vaste aree di desertificazione e pietrificazione – resistenza al cambiamento – avvertita dagli psicoterapeuti che prendono in carico giovani di famiglie mafiose. Parole chiave: mafia, psicoterapia, gruppo, vendetta, identità, resistenza, cambiamentoKidnapped by revenge: “being locked out of the object”Abstract Starting from their work as psychotherapists and by means of some clinical fragments which refer to a group of teenagers of a neighbourhood at risk in Palermo, the Authoresses analyze the Mafia dimension not limiting it to a criminal behaviour only. They rather decline it along some signifiers: non identity and mafia group which colonizes and subjugates the indi-vidual’s psychism. Powerful and merciless family ghosts who prevent from building original and autonomous selves. Personalities kneaded with emotional indifference and vindictiveness. Signifiers which account for the large desertification and petrification areas – resistance to change – that psychotherapists, who deal with young people belonging to Mafia families, are able to feel. Key word: mafia, psychotherapy, group, revenge, identity, resistance, change
An Efficient Approach for Mining Association Rules in Large Databases
Naveen Sundar
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence & Knowledge Discovery , 2012,
Abstract: Association rules are if/then statements that help uncover relationships between seemingly unrelated data in a relational database or other information repository. In data mining, association rules are useful for analyzing and predicting customer behavior. They play an important part in shopping basket data analysis, product clustering, catalog design and store layout. However, when the number of association rules become large, it becomes less interesting to the user. It is crucial to help the decision-maker with an efficient postprocessing step in order to select interesting association rules throughout huge volumes of discovered rules. This motivates the need for association analysis. Thus, this paper presents a novel approach to prune mined association rules in large databases. Further, an analysis of different association rule mining techniques for market basket analysis, highlighting strengths of different association rule mining techniques are also discussed. We want to point out potential pitfalls as well as challenging issues need to be addressed by an association rule mining technique. We believe that the results of this approach will help decision maker for making important decisions.
An Efficient Approach to Prune Mined Association Rules in Large Databases
D. Narmadha,G. NaveenSundar,S. Geetha
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2011,
Abstract: Association rule mining finds interesting associations and/or correlation relationships among large set of data items. However, when the number of association rules become large, it becomes less interesting to the user. It is crucial to help the decision-maker with an efficient postprocessing step in order to select interesting association rules throughout huge volumes of discovered rules. This motivates the need for association analysis. Thus, this paper presents a novel approach to prune mined association rules in large databases. Further, an analysis of different association rule mining techniques for market basket analysis, highlighting strengths of different association rule mining techniques are also discussed. We want to point out potential pitfalls as well as challenging issues need to be addressed by an association rule mining technique. We believe that the results of this approach will help decision maker for making important decisions.
hirfl新b1聚束器的腔体设计
李智慧,周学厚,唐靖宇
强激光与粒子束 , 1999,
Abstract: ?根据hirfl加速器的束流纵向匹配要求及实际情况,给出了新b1聚束器腔体的具体设计方案。采用短路片和两个移动电容板双调谐方式以满足该聚束器的宽工作频率范围要求。利用mafia程序对腔体的频率范围、品质因素q值、损耗功率、微调电容及表面电流分布进行了计算,并就计算中可能引起的误差及方案的可行性进行了讨论。
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