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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 307119 matches for " land cover change<br> "
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The land use and land cover change database and its relative studies in China

LIU Jiyuan,LIU Mingliang,DENG Xiangzheng,Zhuang Dafang,ZHANG Zengxiang,LUO Di,

地理学报 , 2002,
Abstract: In the mid-1990s, we established the national operative dynamic information serving systems on natural resources and environment. During building the land-use/land-cover change (LUCC) database for the mid-1990s, 520 scenes of remotely sensed images of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) were interpreted into land-use/land-cover categories at scale of 1:100,000 under overall digital software environment after being geo-referenced and ortho-rectified. The vector map of land-use/land-cover in China at the scale of 1:100,000 was recently converted into a 1-km raster database that captures all of the high-resolution land-use information by calculating area percentage for each kind of land use category within every cell. Being designed as an operative dynamic information serving system, monitoring the change in land-use/land-cover at national level was executed. We have completed the updating of LUCC database by comparing the TM data in the mid-1990s with new data sources received during 1999-2000 and 1989-1990. The LUCC database has supported greatly the national LUCC research program in China and some relative studies are incompletely reviewed in this paper.
Impacts of land cover change on plant and bird species diversity in Hainan Island,China *
Impacts of land cover change on plant and bird species diversity in Hainan Island,China

Ouyang Zhi yun,Wang Ru song,Wang Xiao ke,Xiao Han Research Center for Eco Environmental Sciences,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing,China,
Ouyang Zhi yun
,Wang Ru song,Wang Xiao ke,Xiao Han

环境科学学报(英文版) , 1999,
Abstract: Hainan Island, located at the southern end of China, has less than 0.4% of land area but contains 13% of plant and animal species in China. During the last four decades many primary forests have been converted to shrub land, grassland, and tree planation (e.g., eucalyptus forest). As a result, area of primary tropical forest has been reduced from 25.8% in the 1950s to 4% in the 1990s. To assess impacts of land conversion on plant and bird species diversity, a series of samples in primary forest and four types of converted lands were took. The land conversion had tremendously reduced both plant and bird species diversity. Specifically, plant species richness per site was 83.7 in primary forest, 28.3 in shrub land, 12.5 in grassland, 14.4 in eucalyptus forest, and 21.4 in Acacia forest. Bird species richness showed a similar trend: 22.0 in primary forest, 14.5 in shrub land, 2.5 in grassland, 4.9 in eucalyptus forest, and 9.0 in Acacia forest. The Shannon species diversity indices for plants in the five types of land cover were 3.69, 1.99, 0.97, 1.47 and 2.07, respectively. Similarly, the Shannon indices for bird species diversity were the highest in primary forest, and lowest in grassland, and intermediate in shrub land and eucalyptus forest.
黄土高原土地利用/覆被变化研究进展
Research Progress of Land Use/Land Cover Change (LUCC) in the Loess Plateau
 [PDF]

庄逐舟, 刘嘉勋, 蔡凌雁, 程倩雯, 姜朋辉, 戴晨曦
Open Journal of Soil and Water Conservation (OJSWC) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/OJSWC.2016.43005
Abstract:
多年来,黄土高原地区持续开展了大规模的退耕还林还草生态工程建设,土地利用/覆被变化显著。因此,对其开展相关研究,探索其土地利用/覆被时空变化规律,有助于认知区域生态环境变化过程,为生态环境修复等研究提供支撑。本文通过综述国际黄土高原地区土地利用/覆被变化研究成果,阐述了黄土高原地区土地利用/覆被变化研究在分类体系、分类技术、格局–过程变化分析和驱动机制研究等方面所取得的最新进展,并对如何完善土地利用覆被变化分类体系、开展格局与过程耦合研究、构建综合驱动分析模型等问题进行了讨论。研究认为,构建特色分类体系、综合地理观测与遥感技术、研发综合分析模型将是未来黄土高原地区土地利用/覆被变化研究的重点。
Land use and land cover in the Loess Plateau had a significantly change in the past years because of the large scale of returning farmland into forest or grass. Therefore, related researches are required to explore the spatial-temporal law of LUCC in the Loess Plateau, which can contribute more to the study of regional eco-environment change process and support the research of ecological restoration. This paper reviewed the international studies of LUCC in the Loess Plateau. The research progress of classification system, classification technology of remote sensing images, pattern-process change analysis and driving forces of LUCC were illustrated. Then corresponding discussions about these questions were performed. We think that the construction of unique clas-sification system, the fusion of geographic observation and remote sensing and the development of comprehensive model will be hot topics of LUCC in the Loess Plateau in the future.
Recent Progress in Studies on Land Cover Change and Its Regional Climatic Effects over China during Historical Times

ZHENG Jingyun,LIN Shanshan,HE Fanneng,

大气科学进展 , 2009,
Abstract: The recent progresses on the reconstruction of historical land cover and the studies on regional climatic effects to temperature, precipitation, and the East Asian Monsoon across China were reviewed. Findings show that the land cover in China has been significantly modified by human activities over the last several thousands years, mainly through cropland expansion and forest clearance. The cropland over traditional Chinese agricultural areas increased from 5.32x105 km2 in the mid-17th century to 8.27x105 km2 in the mid-20th century, while the forest area over the Chinese mainland had been reduced by 1.66x106 km2 during the last 300 years. These changes of land cover have been detected as an important driving force of climate change by simulations of climatic effects based on various climate models (including RegCM3, RegCM2-NCC, RIEMS version1, MM5 version 2, and AGCM+SSiB) with reconstructed historical land cover data or by contrasting current land cover to potential natural vegetation. The human-induced land cover changes over China have led to the enhancement of the East Asian winter monsoon, as well as cooling in winter and warming in summer approximately since 1700. However, the simulation results on annual mean temperature, precipitation, and the East Asian summer monsoon varied from model to model, which cannot be simply attributed to certain forcing so far, but undoubtedly, using different land cover datasets in various simulations played a key role. Thus, developing more accurate gridded historical land cover datasets on different regional scales with high time resolution is needed in the future.
The role of landscape pattern analysis in understanding concepts of land cover change

Jerry A GRIFFITH,

地理学报 , 2004,
Abstract:
NDVI changes in China between 1989 and 1999 using change vector analysis based on time series data

CHEN Yun-hao,LI Xiao-bing,XIE Feng,

地理学报 , 2001,
Abstract: Change vector analysis (CVA) and principal component analysis in NDVI time-trajectories space are powerful tools to analyze land-cover change. The magnitude of the change vector indicates amplitude of the change, while its direction indicates the nature of the change. CVA is applied to two remotely sensed indicators of land surface conditions, NDVI and spatial structure, in order to improve the capability to detect and categorize land-cover change. The magnitude and type of changes are calculated in China from 1989 to 1999. Through the research, the main conclusions are drawn as follows: 1) The changes of NDVI are quite different between eastern China and western China, and the change range in the east is bigger than that in the west. The trend in NDVI time series is smoothly increasing, the increases happen mostly in Taiwan, Fujian, Sichuan and Henan provinces and the decreases occur in Yunnan and Xinjiang. 2) The spatial structure index can indicate changes in the seasonal ecosystem dynamics for spatially heterogeneous landscapes. Most of spatial structure changes, which occurred in southern China, correlated with vegetation growth processes and strike of mountains.
The relationship between NDVI and precipitation on the Tibetan Plateau

DING Mingjun,ZHANG Yili,LIU Linshan,ZHANG Wei,WANG Zhaofeng,BAI Wanqi,

地理学报 , 2007,
Abstract: The temporal and spatial changes of NDVI on the Tibetan Plateau, as well as the relationship between NDVI and precipitation, were discussed in this paper, by using 8-km resolution multi-temporal NOAA AVHRR-NDVI data from 1982 to 1999. Monthly maximum NDVI and monthly rainfall were used to analyze the seasonal changes, and annual maximum NDVI, annual effective precipitation and growing season precipitation (from April to August) were used to discuss the interannual changes. The dynamic change of NDVI and the corre-lation coefficients between NDVI and rainfall were computed for each pixel. The results are as follows: (1) The NDVI reached the peak in growing season (from July to September) on the Tibetan Plateau. In the northern and western parts of the plateau, the growing season was very short (about two or three months); but in the southern, vegetation grew almost all the year round. The correlation of monthly maximum NDVI and monthly rainfall varied in different areas. It was weak in the western, northern and southern parts, but strong in the central and eastern parts. (2) The spatial distribution of NDVI interannual dynamic change was different too. The increase areas were mainly distributed in southern Tibet montane shrub-steppe zone, western part of western Sichuan-eastern Tibet montane coniferous forest zone, western part of northern slopes of Kunlun montane desert zone and southeastern part of southern slopes of Himalaya montane evergreen broad-leaved forest zone; the decrease areas were mainly distributed in the Qaidam montane desert zone, the western and northern parts of eastern Qinghai-Qilian montane steppe zone, southern Qinghai high cold meadow steppe zone and Ngari montane desert-steppe and desert zone. The spatial distribution of correlation coeffi-cient between annual effective rainfall and annual maximum NDVI was similar to the growing season rainfall and annual maximum NDVI, and there was good relationship between NDVI and rainfall in the meadow and grassland with medium vegetation cover, and the effect of rainfall on vegetation was small in the forest and desert area.
The spatial-temporal changes of the land use/cover in the Dongting Lake area during the last decade

LI Rendong,LIU Jiyuan,ZHUANG Dafang,WANG Hongzhi,

地理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: The research on the land use/cover change is one of the frontiers and the hot spots in the global change research. Based on the Chinese resource and environment spatial-temporal database, and using the Landsat TM and ETM data of 1990 and 2000 respectively, we analyzed the spatial-temporal characteristics of land use/cover changes in the Dongting Lake area during the last decade. The result shows that during the last ten years there were three land-use types that had changed remarkably. The cultivated land decreased by 0.57% of the total cultivated land. The built-up land and water area expanded, with an increase of 8.97% and 0.43% respectively. The conversion between land use types mostly happened among these three land-use types, especially frequently between cultivated land and water area. The land-use change speed of land-use type is different. Three cities experienced the greatest degree of land-use change among all the administrative districts, which means that the land use in these cities changed much quickly. The following changed area was the west and south of the Dongting Lake area. The slowest changed area is the north and east area.
Spatial features of land use/land cover change in the United States

GAO Zhiqiang,LIU Jiyuan,DENG Xiangzheng,

地理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: With the classification data covering American land-use/land-cover (LUCC) with 30 m resolution from the project of National Land Cover Data (NLCD), we normalized them and made their resolution changed into 1 km ×1 km, created the data of American land-use grade and analyzed the spatial distribution and features of American LUCC as well as the influence of population and altitude on the land-use grade in light of methods of sampling analysis and correlation study. Based on the analysis, we concluded that forestry and grassland, accounting for 71.24% of the whole country, has taken the main part of American land cover, and besides, construction and arable land has occupied 19.22% of the total land, the rest of land cover types, including water area, wetland and underdeveloped land, is 9.54% of the country's total. The developing potential of American land resources is enormous with less destroyed and disturbed ecological environment. Although, in some sense, the population and altitude influence the spatial variation of American land-use grade respectively, the influence of spatial variation of altitude and population density on that of land-use grade is not significanct.
Satellite-Based Monitoring of Decadal Soil Salinization and Climate Effects in a Semi-arid Region of China

WANG Hesong,JIA Gensuo,

大气科学进展 , 2012,
Abstract: Soil salinization is a common phenomenon that affects both the environment and the socio-economy in arid and semi-arid regions; it is also an important aspect of land cover change. In this study, we integrated multi-sensor remote sensing data with a field survey to analyze processes of soil salinization in a semi-arid area in China from 1979 to 2009. Generally, the area of salt-affected soils increased by 0.28% per year with remarkable acceleration from 1999 to 2009 (0.42% increase per year). In contrast, the area of surface water bodies showed a decreasing trend (-0.08% per year) in the same period. Decreases in precipitation and increases in aridity due to annual (especially summer) warming provided a favorable condition for soil salinization. The relatively flat terrain favored waterlogging at the surface, and continuous drought facilitated upward movement of soil water and accumulation of surface saline and calcium. Meanwhile, land-use practices also played a crucial role in accelerating soil salinization. The conversion to cropland from natural vegetation greatly increased the demand for groundwater irrigation and aggravated the process of soil salinization. Furthermore, there are potential feedbacks of soil salinization to regional climate. The salinization of soils can limit the efficiency of plant water use as well as photosynthesis; therefore, it reduces the amount of carbon sequestrated by terrestrial ecosystem. Soil salinization also reduces the absorbed solar radiation by increasing land surface albedo. Such conversions of land cover significantly change the energy and water balance between land and atmosphere.
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