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A rela??o entre o avaliador e o objeto avaliado
Feliciano, Katia Virginia de Oliveira;
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-38292005000500009
Abstract: in a context where the institutionalization process of basic attention evaluation requires the participation of those involved, doubts are raised concerning the possibility of exemption of internal evaluators in the face of failure elements identified in daily work and the object of evaluation. a perspective is adopted relative to healthcare that the object of evaluation is not detached from the evaluator and is inserted in a symbolic network justifying interest and ensuing an action interpretation. when including monitoring and research related to services routine, a relatively unbiased analysis results from the recognition that neutrality is an illusion, or, the ability of accepting the possibilities of preconceiving the facts permitting, through a systematic practical exercise, to admit reality as it is, and not as one would hope for. therefore, the more a criticism and self-criticism balance between objective and subjective conditions is reached the more reality one unravels.
The Institutionalization of Life Cycle Assessment in Mexico  [PDF]
Nora Munguia, Clara Rosalia Alvarez, Rafael Perez, Alma Flores, Francisco Martinez, Luis Velazquez
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.68073
Abstract: This article presents a study of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) at a slaughterhouse located in north-western Mexico with the purpose of testing the premise of a low degree of institutionalization of Industrial Ecology in Mexico. The article aims at analyzing the current role played by the Mexican academia in increasing the degree of institutionalization of the concept of LCA in northwestern Mexico. There was conducted a life cycle analysis study according to the standards ISO 14040: 2006, NMX-SAA-14040-IMNC-2008NOM in a Federally Inspected Type (TIF by Spanish acronym) Slaughterhouse in the state of Sonora in Northwest Mexico. The slaughter process was characterized by observing the production tasks during several walkthroughs the production lines and by having short interviews with workers, supervisors, and the manager. The CH4 emissions were calculated using the guidelines suggested by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2006). The present LCA case study revealed opportunities for improving the environmental performance of the slaughterhouse by taking measures such as the reduction of CH4 from enteric fermentation since methane was one of the main greenhouse gases responsible for climate change. Although, the LCA generated reliable information in terms of climate change or water eutrophication, the chances of implementing sustainable initiatives were unlikely because the benefits to reduce the impacts to climate change or to reduce the water crisis would be unnoticeable and unaffordable for companies. Findings in this study also confirmed the importance of Mexican universities for promoting and conducting more LCA studies among private and public organizations in order to guide firms towards this tool. The case study here presented gives insights to LCA stakeholders in Mexico to implement or improve the effectiveness of their potential LCA initiatives through the identification of strategies, opportunities, and barriers.
EEG Characteristics of Adolescents Raised in Institutional Environments and Their Relation to Psychopathological Symptoms  [PDF]
Jorge Carlos Hevia-Orozco, Araceli Sanz-Martin
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.810032
Abstract: Children reared in institutional environments present emotional and cognitive affectations, as well as changes in the anatomy and functioning of certain cerebral areas, such as the prefrontal cortex. However, knowledge of the long run effect of these affectations remains scarce. Therefore, this study was designed to correlate the cortical electroencephalographic (EEG) and psychopathological parameters. Resting EEG from 10 institutionalized (IA) and 10 never-institutionalized adolescents (NIA) was obtained and this was parametrically correlated with the intensity of symptoms of depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and anxiety. Results showed that the IA group showed higher indices of depression, anxiety and PTSD, accompanied by low relative power (RP) in the fast bands, high activity in the slow bands in frontal areas, and higher alpha2 RP in temporal areas. In addition, IA showed higher EEG-correlations among frontal areas but lower EEG-correlations among prefrontal, parietal and temporal areas in the gamma band. We also found correlations between the EEG parameters and psychopathological scores. These EEG findings can contribute to improve our understanding of how stress experienced early in life may impact the development of the cortex, and how this, in turn, may predispose individuals to develop psychiatric conditions.
Singularidades do envelhecimento: reflex?es com base em conversas com um idoso institucionalizado
Gamburgo, Lilian Juana Levenbach de;Monteiro, Maria Inês Bacellar;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832009000100004
Abstract: this paper deals with some peculiarities of the life of an elderly person living in a long-stay institution, interviewed within a study context in which investigating the language (considered as dialogic practice) of elderly people whose communication skills remained intact was the aim. the narrative allowed us to find out about living conditions and some specific features such as: (1) early institutionalization; (2) the interdependence between the reasons for voluntary institutionalization and the situation regarding abandonment; and (3) the apparent impropriety of using the term "elderly" to include individuals with very different ages. five women and one man were interviewed. these interviews enabled examination of memories, feelings, values, interpersonal relations and the language itself. we hope to provide support for looking at elderly people's communication such that it is considered to be a fundamental symbolic system for social inclusion, instead of centering on changes considered "typical" of old age.
Autonomía y estado de salud percibidos en ancianos institucionalizados
Rojas Oca?a,Ma. J.; Toronjo Gómez,A.; Rodríguez Ponce,C.; Rodríguez Rodríguez,J.B.;
Gerokomos , 2006, DOI: 10.4321/S1134-928X2006000100002
Abstract: the admission to a residence has been termed "institutionalization" in order to differentiate it from community care and to emphasize its nature as a specialisation. on admission to a centre, old people who are not invalid cease to perform certain tasks due to an adjustment process, which can result in passive behaviour; this in turn creates dependency. all old people, when enter a geriatric centre for the first time, undergo a period of adaptation and observation that lasts 20 days, after which they are evaluated by a technical committee. in a study previously made in the same population it was possible to be stated, referring us to the translated functional capacity in avd and aivd and to the perception of the health of the residents, during the first 20 days of entrance (period of adaptation) that the results show the existence of a significant relation between the autonomy and independence of an old person and a its deterioration due to the institutionalization, simultaneously it is deduced that the elder during this period of adaptation do not undergo significant changes in their perception of health by the fact of the institutionalization, although is certain that this period is only of 20 days according to the legislation of the social services in andalusia and that is not enough time to demonstrate the changes. believing necessary a pursuit but in the long term, we tried to make a second valuation of the aspects previously mentioned and measured after passing a sufficiently ample period (year and a half) like being able to state if the deterioration persists or not in the autonomy and independence of the elderly people to perform daily life and instrumental activities, as well as if their perception of health stays. objetive: to evaluate the influence of institutionalisation on an old person?s autonomy on admittance to a geriatric residence for non-invalids, and the comparison with their behaviour after the period of a year and a half of institutionalization
Proceso de institucionalización de la higiene: estado, salubridad e higienismo en Colombia en la primera mitad del siglo XX
Estudios Socio-Jurídicos , 2010,
Abstract: this paper seeks to set out the process by which national elites made major efforts to the hygiene apparatus in colombia a responsibility of the national state. the motivations behind this were a mix of racial, medical and social reasons. during this period, colombian doctors, thanks to a racial ideology, built a pro-hygiene narrative in which they argued for the importance of institutionalizing the hygiene apparatus. the paper?s analysis is based upon legislation, reports to the national congress and medical conferences. the sources have been studied from the perspective of discourse analysis.
Processo de difus?o e TQC
Yokoyama, Nelson;
Gest?o & Produ??o , 1994, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-530X1994000200005
Abstract: during the last decade, the concepts of so-called japanese practices relating to production organization, labour -management relations and inter-firm relations, have spread widely to the usa, to european countries and to brazil. the purpose of this article is to seek a better understanding of the features of the diffusion process of the tqc metodology.
De panacéia mística a especialidade médica: a acupuntura na vis?o da imprensa escrita
Nascimento, Marilene Cabral do;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59701998000100005
Abstract: based on articles from major newspapers in rio de janeiro and s?o paulo, the text examines the written press?s discourse on acupuncture and the process of its legitimization, institutionalization, and legalization in brazil. the topic is analyzed from a sociological perspective, focusing on three different periods: the 1970s, the 1980s, and the first half of the 1990s.
Brincando de casinha: significado de família para crian?as institucionalizadas
Martins, Edna;Szymanski, Heloisa;
Estudos de Psicologia (Natal) , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-294X2004000100019
Abstract: this study aimed to investigate how family was presented during the games played by children living in an institution under the responsibility of the state. ten children between five and eight years old took part in the investigation. there were three boys and seven girls. through observation, several free playing episodes related to fancying a home were analyzed, in a playroom at febem in s?o paulo. the data analysis indicated that even under the circumstances of living outside home, those children presented a family based on the nuclear model.
La infancia institucionalizada: la práctica de la Psicología Jurídica. Determinantes institucionales
De la Iglesia,Matilde; Di Iorio,Jorgelina;
Anuario de investigaciones , 2006,
Abstract: to rethink the referring institutions, practices and discourses to the childhood and to those who operate in her within the judicial system, implies a process of permanent construction-deconstruction. to review the socio-historical variables respect to the institutionalized childhood means to work after the postulates of the international convention of the child's rights, repairing in the half-framed complex that legitimizes the intervention on the children. this implies to cross a way that goes of the conception of the childhood like object to another one like subject. the positioning within one or another one of these paradigms, entail diverse levels of suffering for the childhood, the professionals and the institutions. this paper tries to describe the practice of the legal psychology with the institutionalized childhood, in as much practical organized under the fantasy to save a child.
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