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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 64 matches for " informality "
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Informalidad empresarial en Colombia: problemas y soluciones
Cárdenas S,Mauricio; Rozo V,Sandra;
Desarrollo y Sociedad , 2009,
Abstract: this document shows that informal firms in colombia face on average lower access to credit and training programs, higher technological problems and lower profits per worker than formal firms with similar characteristics. in addition, analyzes the impact of the new program for firms' registration -caes- created recently in the six principal cities of colombia. the analysis uses data from the encuesta 123, the 2005 censo económico de cali y yumbo and firms' registration data from the chambers of commerce ("matrículas mercantiles").
Snapshot of Non-Inclusive Growth: Evidence from Philippine Employment Trends in 2001-2009  [PDF]
Ronald U. Mendoza, Padmini Mahurkar
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.37106
Abstract: This article briefly examines the Philippines’ pattern of job creation during the period 2001-2009 in order to help explain why growth during this period failed to translate into poverty reduction. An analysis of disaggregated employment and sectoral output data provides a much more nuanced picture of the types and sectors of jobs created during the last decade. The empirical evidence suggests that employment creation was inadequate, and skewed in favor of high skilled workers even across industries. Based on these findings, promoting inclusive growth in the Philippines requires a robust job creation strategy in order to meet the growing labor force, along with mechanisms to ensure skill upgrading and better skills matching (notably for the young) as well as efforts to bring even lower skilled workers into the formal sector.
Social Production of Space: “Lived Space” of Informal Livelihood Operators; the Case of Dares Salaam City Tanzania  [PDF]
Nelly John Babere
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2015.34024
Abstract: This paper critically examines the social production of space for informal livelihood activities. While many progressive scholars have embraced the idea of eviction and harassment of the informal livelihood operators, what these scholars have often left unexplored is how informal operators contribute to the social production of space in urban areas. The first half of this paper focuses on the idea of Lefebvre’s conceptualisation of social production of space and the linkage with the informal livelihood activities. The second section focuses specifically on how social production of space is manifested in the operation of the informal livelihood operators. I argue that informal mode of production of space should be considered to inform how spaces for such activities are produced.
Análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo de la informalidad empresarial en Colombia
Santa María S,Mauricio; Rozo V,Sandra;
Desarrollo y Sociedad , 2009,
Abstract: this document deepens the study of the determinants of firm informality in colombia using both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. the former is carried out using the cali and yumbo enterprise census for the year 2005, which allowed, for the frst time, to analyze informality across firms of any size and avoid problems related to sampling. estimations show that the incidence of informality among small firms (microempresas) is strikingly large and, almost as a rule, tends to disappear as firms grow. the qualitative analyses were carried out based on focus groups directed to informal and formal employers. they facilitated the identification of perceptions around this phenomenon, providing important "unobserved" clues as to why are they formal or informal. based on these results some policy recommendations are derived, always directed at improving the balance of informality?s costs and benefits.
Os modos de ser da informalidade: rumo a uma nova era da precariza??o estrutural do trabalho?
Antunes, Ricardo;
Servi?o Social & Sociedade , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-66282011000300002
Abstract: as a result of the transformations and metamorphoses in the capitalist countries, we are facing an intense and significant process of making the working class informal and precarious. the aim of this article is to understand the ways of being of that process, its reasons, as well as its connections with the law of value. in opposition to the statement related to the end of work, we find out an expressive precarious and informal character of work, which occurs as partial, subcontracted and precarious work.
Informalidade no mercado de trabalho brasileiro: uma resenha da literatura
Ulyssea, Gabriel;
Revista de Economia Política , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31572006000400008
Abstract: the economic literature relative to brazilian labor market informality is very disperse and presents a significant lack of organization. in that sense, the purpose of this paper is to organize and discuss on a systematic way the main pieces of literature concerning informality in the brazilian labor market using, whenever it is possible, the international literature as a comparison point for the existing results relative to brazil's experience. more specifically, questions related to wage differentials between formal and informal workers, labor market segmentation and the effect of institutions on the informal sector are emphasized.
Informalidades e legitimidades das periferias Bolivianas (Cochabamba)
Cielo, Cristina;
Tempo Social , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702010000200006
Abstract: this article's topic is the legitimate but informal territorialization of bolivia's urban peripheries. based on an ethnography of outlying districts of cochabamba, it identifies the mechanisms for establishing legitimacy without legality, especially their connections to the demands and discourses of the country's indigenous movement. it emphasizes the rhetorical hegemony needed to sustain this legitimacy in the periurban context. finally it examines how the instability generated by the boundary shifts between normative orders is resolved bureaucratically through the liberal sociopolitical system.
LA REESTRUCTURACIóN DEL MERCADO METROPOLITANO DE TRABAJO EN BRASIL: CAMBIO DE SIGLO Y CAMBIO DE TENDENCIAS
Sandro Eduardo Monsueto,Manuel Pérez Trujillo
Revista de Estudios Empresariales. Segunda época , 2011,
Abstract: This article aims to present two of the most important trends of the Brazilian labor market during the final decades of the last century: the loss of industrial space in the generation of jobs and the deregulation of labor relations. The eighties and the end of the growth strategy driven by public investment in the industry mark important changes in the occupational structure of the labor force and the industry was not able to generate formal jobs in the same speed of the expansion of urban labor supply. At the same time, we observe a intense growth of the informal sector and the atypical relation jobs. These factors, although started in the last century, are relevant to understanding the current national labor market and in setting active public policies for employment.
Investigating informality in construction: philosophy, paradigm and practice
Thayaparan Gajendran,Graham Brewer,Goran Runeson,Andrew Dainty
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2011,
Abstract: The complex interrelationships commonly enacted as a consequence of project team activity take a number of different forms, including those formally dictated by contract conditions. However it is becoming increasingly apparent that project performance is affected by informal relationships, though their investigation is notoriously difficult. This paper proposes that these difficulties arise partly from the nature of the informalities themselves, but also as a consequence of the philosophical position taken by researchers and their consequent methodological/paradigmatic posture, and its impact upon those being studied. It consequently proposes a subjectivist investigative framework that accommodates multiple philosophical points of departure, matching them to a range of alternative methodologies, and indicates the desirability of blending to reflect the peculiarities of each context under investigation. The framework also accommodates the practicalities of putting complex methodologies into action. The paper concludes that this framework presents opportunities to conduct rigorous in-situ investigations of informality at work, leading to authentic and deep insights that would otherwise remain unseen
The Social Dimension of Sustainable Development: Social Inclusion in Tanzania’s Urban Centres  [PDF]
John M. Lupala
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.24033
Abstract: One of the challenges confronting cities in the developing world is social exclusion and marginalization of the poor. This has been observed in terms of large scale informalities in settlements growth, employment and livelihood activities. Inadequate infrastructure, diminishing access to basic services and livelihood opportunities are increasingly precipitating social exclusion in cities. In Tanzania, the policy shift from social welfare to liberal economies is contributing to marginalization and subsequently, exclusion of poor households in accessing basic services. This paper discusses the social dimension of sustainability viewed from social inclusion point of view. Eight major urban centres in Tanzania are being examined. The data collection methods included household interviews, review of documents, workshops and group discussion. Results show that with the exception of access to education and health services, cities are poorly performing in terms of access to water supply, income versus cost of living, employment, services to the handicapped and ownership of properties by sex. Quality of life elements such as sanitation and urban informality also remains below average. While informality in cities accounted for 66 percent (in terms of built up areas), access to onsite potable accounted for only 36.9 percent. On the bases of these findings, it is recommended that strategies such as cross subsidization and addressing informalities should be developed and implemented with a view to ensuring social inclusion in cities.
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