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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 17297 matches for " human rights "
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Enforcement of Fundamental Rights in National Constitutions: Resolving the Conflict of Jurisdiction between the Federal High Court and State High Court in Nigeria  [PDF]
Odike Felix, Alero Akujobi
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2018.91004
Abstract: Fundamental human rights are those natural or human rights that are guaranteed to individuals as a citizen of a free and civilized state. They are incorporated in the supreme or basic law of a country as fundamental human rights. This paper examines the conflict of jurisdictions between the federal high court and the state high courts in the enforcement of fundamental human rights with particular emphasis on how the Nigerian case law has contributed to the confusion. To resolve the issue, the paper surveyed the position of enforcement of fundamental human rights in few other common law jurisdictions such as India, Pakistan and Ghana, and concluded that in Nigeria, the federal high court only has jurisdiction to enforce fundamental human rights arising from a cause of action that falls within its limited exclusive jurisdiction.
The African Human Rights Architecture: Reflections on the Instruments and Mechanisms within the African Human Rights System  [PDF]
Victor Oluwasina Ayeni
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2019.102019
Abstract: This article examines and summarizes the normative and institutional mechanisms within the African human rights system. The article identifies some of the challenges facing the young human rights system in Africa such as lack of proper coordination, avoidable overlaps and duplication of functions, as well as limited capacity of, and limited access to, the various human rights protecting institutions. Against the backdrop of proliferation of human rights treaties and bodies on the African continent under the guise of creating binding instruments and judicial human rights bodies, the article argues that international human rights law has grown beyond the “hard law” versus “soft law” debate where only legally binding treaties and judgments of judicial tribunals alone create legal obligations for states; and that the solution to the protection of human rights in Africa has little to do with the number or nomenclature of the protection mechanisms but rather their effectiveness. This article is significant in view of the proliferation of human rights instruments and protection mechanisms in Africa and the challenge posed to the effectiveness of the mechanisms as a result of poor coordination and overlap of functions.
The accession of the European Union to the ECHR
Martin Kuijer
Amsterdam Law Forum , 2012,
Abstract: This article outlines the European Union’s gradual progression towards a legal obligation to observe human rights: a series of stops and starts from Brussels to Strasbourg with a starring role for Luxembourg and significant supporting roles for Berlin and Karlsruhe. This commitment towards human rights will acquire a new dimension. The Lisbon Treaty requires the European Union to accede to the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). With the entry into force of the 14th Protocol to the ECHR, Strasbourg too is now ready to accept the EU as a party to the Convention. But the real work is still to come: the negotiations about the modalities of the accession are underway. This article looks at the main subjects for discussion. Is the EU, as a new party to the ECHR, the ultimate anniversary gift for Strasbourg, or is it a potentially troublesome guest at the party?
Youth and Human Rights - A Research Study among University Student
Mehul Rabari | Dr. S. D. Mishra
International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development , 2016, DOI: 10.31142/ijtsrd52
Abstract: This Study has covered Post Graduate Students of four University of Gujarat State including Sardar Patel University, M. S. University, Gujarat University and DDIT University. The data collected from 400 P G Students 100 students from each university for the study under the research design of descriptive cum exploratory in nature. The Questionnaire is used for this research consists of 50 Questions. As a Consideration of that the youth or students are the future for any nation so level of understanding of youth about human rights is very important to know. If human rights knowledge is not up to mark among youth or students, it’s a serious issue for the youth and nation as well. As a Social Worker, to maintain equality, non discrimination, protection and development is a mission. So, Human Rights is a one of the best weapon to all social worker to achieve main goals as mentioned before.
Os direitos s?o do homem ou do estado?
Müller,Maria Cristina; Giro,Miriam;
EPISTEME , 2009,
Abstract: the barbarities perpetrated in the first half of the xx century in europe reveal the capacity of man to destroy, subdue and humiliate those of his own kind. one of the cruelest events that rose during the inter-war period was the appearance of millions of stateless people, persons who had lost their national status. hannah arendt, german thinker, decided to study the phenomenon of totalitarism from a philosophical rather than a historical point of view and used statelessness as one of the essential concepts to understand the problem created by the liberal revolutions of the xviii century, which connected the human rights proclaimed at that time to the existence of a state-nation constituted by those revolutions. when, at the collapse of europe intertwined by world wars i and ii, the stateless became an impossible to be ignored ?problem?, a solution was sought through the creation of the society of nations and its successor, the united nations (un), without taking into account its counterpart - the state-nation - as the original power of the attribution of rights to citizens. this article seeks to resume the perspective taken by arendt through the introduction of some of her reflections, enlaced by comments evidenced by contemporaneity. acknowledging the impossibility to find a definitive answer to the question in the title, we seek to highlight the importance of the problem and thus contribute to keeping the debate fresh.
Unipolar World in Crisis as Russia Challenges US and Allies, Dragging Other Disgruntled Countries Along  [PDF]
Fatai Ayisa Olasupo
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.43013

For more than two decades after the collapse of Soviet Union and concomitantly, cold war, United States of America became dominant world power, with western powers queuing behind her. Preoccupied by domestic political and economic problems that led, in the first instance, to the collapse of the octopus (Soviet empire), the old rival and foe receded from international politics and other engagements. United States and her western allies, thus, had field days in most part of Europe, South America, Asia, Middle East and Africa. However, having gathered sufficient political and economic stability, Russia, in the last one year, is not only making foray into international politics but actually challenging US socially, politically and militarily. This paper is out to examine how Russia is doing these dragging along some disgruntled continents against United States of America and her allies.

Are the Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights the Way for Development? A Precedence Investigation between Human Development Index and Index of Patent Rights  [PDF]
Christian Carvalho Ganzert, Beatriz Selan, Leonardo Augusto Amaral Terra
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.57069

The main question, which leads this analysis, interrogates the existence of a causality relation between the human development index and Index of Patent Rights. It was decided to use a database whereas all units of the cross section have the same periods of time for human development index and Index of Patent Rights. This database covers 84 countries with the two indicators between 1975 and 2005. By the use of the Granger test, it was found that Index of Patent Rights does not temporally precede human development index, which indicates the veracity and, consequently, the corroboration of the idea of Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights should represent the interests of the richer countries’ great corporations, and not the underdeveloped nations, as said in the statement of World Trade Organization.

Human Trafficking in the Emergency Department
Patel, Ronak B,Ahn, Roy,Burke, Thomas
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine : Integrating Emergency Care with Population Health , 2010,
Abstract: Human trafficking continues to persist, affecting up to 200 million people worldwide. As clinicians in emergency departments commonly encounter victims of intimate partner violence, some of these encounters will be with trafficking victims. These encounters provide a rare opportunity for healthcare providers to intervene and help. This case report of a human trafficking patient from a teaching hospital illustrates the complexity in identifying these victims. Clinicians can better identify potential trafficking cases by increasing their awareness of this phenomenon, using qualified interpreters, isolating potential victims by providing privacy and using simple clear reassuring statements ensuring security. A multidisciplinary approach can then be mobilized to help these patients. [West J Emerg Med. 2010;11(5); 402-404.]
The Mutuality of Challenges Facing Human Rights and Human Security: A New Framework of Analysis  [PDF]
Emmanuel Ome, Ani Casimir
Open Journal of Political Science (OJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojps.2015.52007
Abstract: The interrelationship between Human Rights and “related fields” such as Human Security, Development, Democracy and Good Governance was emphasised at the United Nations Millennium Summit, which resulted in a declaration that affirmed global commitments to the protection of the vulnerable, the alleviation of poverty, and the rectification of corrupt structures and processes— particularly in those countries in which there is a lack of “rule of law” and good governance. The world’s leaders resolved to spare no effort to promote democracy and strengthen the rule of law, as well as respect for all internationally recognized human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to Human Security. This paper intends to analytically discuss Human Rights and Human Security with a focus on the interrelationship between human rights and concepts such as the right to development, conflict prevention, peace-making and peace-building, poverty reduction and good govcernance.
Forced Marriage in Bangladesh: A Quantitative Study to Identify Key Factors  [PDF]
Mohammad Romel Bhuia, Khalidur Rahman, Khurshid Alam, Lipi Akter Smrity, Md Kabir Hossain
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2015.58045
Abstract: In this article, a study on the status of forced marriages in Sylhet division of Bangladesh has been done to determine the prevailing state of it and to identify the key factors that needed to be emphasized. A survey was conducted and a total of 1369 respondents were interviewed. This study mainly deals with 146 respondents who were found to be forced to marriage and some of them were victims of it. Cross-table and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Results show that forced marriages and victims of such incidents are greatly affected by people’s education and their income levels. The family types, age of participants, spouse selection approach, and desired time to marry are also significant factors. The concerned human rights workers should emphasize on the findings of this study to improve the human rights practice in Bangladesh.
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