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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1887 matches for " hearing "
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An Application for Screening Gradual-Onset Age-Related Hearing Loss  [PDF]
Wayne M. Garrison, Joseph H. Bochner
Health (Health) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/health.2017.94051
Objective: Less than 15% of adults in the USA over age 70 receive hearing screening; less than 20% of adults with hearing loss receive any form of treatment. Reasons vary, but affordability and accessibility are major barriers to intervention and treatment. This study provides data supporting a new adult hearing screening measure (NSRT) that is self-administered, easy to use and focused on difficulties experienced in everyday speech communication. Methods: The NSRT test materials are sentence-length utterances containing phonetic contrasts. The test requires respondents to determine whether sentences printed on a computer monitor are the same/different from sentences delivered as auditory stimuli through the computer sound card. The test is administered in quiet and +5 dB SNR background noise. Study participants were 120 adults aged 18 - 88 years. Results: Data obtained from the NSRT testing experience are used to construct a pseudo audiogram. When the predicted hearing thresholds were compared with conventional, clinical puretone measures, the sensitivity and specificity of the NSRT screening measure were 95% and 87%, respectively; diagnostic accuracy was 91%. Conclusions: The NSRT can identify individuals with hearing loss through a simple screening process grounded in standards set by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. The NSRT is suitable for administration in clinical and nonclinical settings.
Etiologies of the Hearing Loss and Their Impacts at the Patients Worn Hearing Aid in the International Center of Hearing Correction in Abidjan (ICHC)  [PDF]
Mobio N’kan Max Ange, Ille Salha, Yavo-Dosso Nadine, Yotio Ayekpa, D. Nasser, Yapo Assi Romaric Evrand, V. Koffi-Aka
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2018.76036
Abstract: Objective: Determine the etiologies and their impacts of hearing loss at the patients’ worn hearing aid in the international center of hearing correction in Abidjan (ICHC). Material and Method: The study is of transverse and analytical type realized in the ICHC from July 1999 to June 2010. It concerned the files of patients’ worn hearing aid in the center. The patients worn initially in another center but followed in the ICHC were excluded. Data were collected from medical files of patients and concerned etiologies, age, type, degree of hearing loss as well as the prosthetic gains and the satisfaction. Results: Fifteen etiologies were listed with in first three rows the meningitis (17.9%) the presbyacusis (17.5%) and chronic otitis media (12.1%). The degrees of hearing loss in the seven etiologies most frequent were severe and profound in 87.6% of cases to the right and 82.8% to the left. The prosthetic pure tonal gain was significant in case of sound trauma and sudden hearing loss. The prosthetic speech reception threshold gain was only significant in case of presbyacusis and sudden hearing loss. The satisfaction of hearing aids was significant in case of presbyacusis, sudden hearing loss and the sound trauma. Conclusion: The main clauses etiologies were the meningitis and the presbyacusis. The tonal and speech prosthetic gain were significant in case of sudden hearing loss.
Etiology Profile of the Patients Implanted in the Cochlear Implant Program  [PDF]
Saroj Mali, Divij Sonkhya, Mohnish Grover, Nishi Sonkhya
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.43045
Abstract: Hearing loss in children constitutes a considerable handicap because it is an invisible disability and compromises optimal development and personal achievement of a child. The period from birth to 5 years of life is critical for the development of speech and language; therefore, there is need for early identification and assessment of hearing loss and early rehabilitation in infants and children. Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. The goal of the present study was to investigate the different hearing impairment etiologies of patients implanted in cochlear implant program. The hospital based interventional study was conducted in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur from July 2011 to Dec. 2013. Present study included 60 prelingually deafened patients who attended ENT OPD and underwent cochlear implant. The most common cause of deafness in our study was acquired (56.66%), which predominantly included perinatal risk factors (64.70%), followed by prenatal risk factors (41.17%). The second common cause was hereditary (26.66%), followed by unknown (16.66%). Infection and ototoxic drug history were the most common risk factors in prenatal and postnatal group. The most common perinatal cause was low birth weight and prematurity.
Auditory processing performance in blind people
Boas, Ludmilla Vilas;Muniz, Lílian;Caldas Neto, Silvio da Silva;Gouveia, Mariana de Carvalho Leal;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942011000400015
Abstract: hearing has an important role in human development and social adaptation in blind people. objective: to evaluate the performance of temporal auditory processing in blind people; to characterize the temporal resolution ability; to characterize the temporal ordinance ability and to compare the performance of the study population in the applied tests. methods: fifteen blind adults participated in this study. a cross-sectional study was undertaken; approval was obtained from the pernambuco catholic university ethics committee, no. 003/2008. results: temporal auditory processing was excellent - the average composed threshold in the original rgdt version was 4. 98 ms; it was 50 ms for all frequencies in the expanded version. pps and dps results ranged from 95% to 100%. there were no quantitative differences in the comparison of tests; but oral reports suggested that the original rgdt original version was more difficult. conclusions: the study sample performed well in temporal auditory processing; it also performed well in temporal resolution and ordinance abilities
Potencial evocado auditivo de estado estável em audiologia pediátrica
Linares, Ana Emilia;Costa Filho, Orozimbo Alves;Martinez, Maria Angelina Nardi de Souza;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942010000600010
Abstract: the main issue regarding pediatric audiology diagnosis is determining procedures to configure reliable results which can be used to predict frequency-specific hearing thresholds. aim: to investigate the correlation between auditory steady-state response (assr) with other tests in children with sensorineural hearing loss. methods: prospective cross-sectional contemporary cohort study. twenty-three children (ages 1 to 7; mean, 3 years old) were submitted to assr, behavioral audiometry, click audiometry brain stem response (abr), tone burst abr, and predicting hearing level from the acoustic reflex. results: the correlation between behavioral thresholds and assr was (0.70- 0.93), for the abr tone burst it was (0.73 -0.93), for the abr click it was (0.83-0.89) only at 2k and 4 khz. the match between the assr and the hearing threshold prediction rule was considered moderate. conclusion: there was a significant correlation between the assr and audiometry, as well as between abr click (2k and 4 khz) and for the abr tone burst. the acoustic reflex can be used to add information to diagnosis in children.
Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem responses sensitivity assessment in cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats
Freitas, Marcos Rabelo de;Silva, Viviane Carvalho da;Brito, Gerly Anne de Castro;Carvalho Junior, José Valdir de;Gomes Junior, Raimundo Martins;Ribeiro, Ronaldo de Albuquerque;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942009000400002
Abstract: cisplatin (cis-diamminedicloroplatinum) is an antineoplastic drug used in the treatment of a variety of cancers, especially head-and-neck cancer. its ototoxicity, however, has been noted as a common side-effect which limits its use and causes significant morbidity. aim: to assess distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (dpoae) and brainstem evoked response audiometry (bera) sensitivity to detect secondary ototoxicity caused by different doses and means of administration of cisplatin in rats. study design: experimental. material and methods: male wistar rats were intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected with 24 mg/kg cisplatin, divided into three equal doses (8mg/kg) or a single i.p. injection of 16 mg/kg. the animals were evaluated by distortion product otoacoustic emission (dpoae) or brainstem evoked response audiometry (bera) on the 3rd and 4th days after the cisplatin injection. results: treatment with cisplatin 24 mg/kg resulted in significant dpoae decrease and it raised the bera electrophysiological threshold. the 16mg/kg dose could not significantly reduce the dpoae amplitude, but it raised the animals' hearing thresholds - detected by the bera. conclusion: in rats, bera was more sensitivity than dpoae at detecting cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats considering different doses and means of administration.
Audiometria de refor?o visual com diferentes estímulos sonoros em crian?as
Vieira, Eliara Pinto;Azevedo, Marisa Frasson de;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872007000200007
Abstract: backgrond: hearing evaluation in children. aim: to verify the minimum response levels (mrl) through the use of visual reinforcement audiometry (vra) in the sound field, in 50 normal hearing children and in 25 children with hearing loss, taking into account the following variables: side of sound presentation, gender, age and type of stimulus. method: vra was performed using pure tone frequency modulation (warble) and the sonar system. the modulated tones were produced by the pediatric audiometer, in the frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000hz and at the intensities of 80, 60, 40 and 20dbna. the modulated tones were presented in a decreasing sequence of intensity and by using the stimulus-reply-visual reinforcement conditioning. the assessment procedure and analysis of response were the same when using the stimuli of the sonar system. however, on this occasion, a sound amplification box was used. each loudspeaker with the visual reinforcement was positioned approximately at 90o azimuth to the right and the left of the child, and at a distance of approximately 50 cm. visual reinforcement was an illuminated clown. results: no statistically significant difference was found between the mnl and the side of sound presentation. the mrl at 500hz and 2000hz, when using the sonar system, were lower for normal hearing males. in this group, there was a decrease in the mrl with the increase in age for both stimuli. when comparing the mrl with two stimuli, there was a statistically significant difference in favor of the sonar system, but only for the group of normal hearing children below two years of age. conclusion: the mrl decrease with age independently of the stimulus and are lower when using the sonar system. for the group of children with hearing loss no significant difference was found for any of the studied variables.
Influência de paradigmas temporais em testes de processamento temporal auditivo
Murphy, Cristina Ferraz Borges;Schochat, Eliane;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872007000300004
Abstract: background: auditory temporal processing. aim: to compare the performance of children in auditory temporal processing tests according to different temporal variables such as inter-stimulus interval, stimuli duration and type of task (discrimination or ordering). method: 27 children, with ages between 9 to 12 years, were evaluated. in order to analyze the effect of temporal variables, an adaptation of the american "repetition test" was developed, containing four tests of frequency discrimination and ordering, and four tests of temporal discrimination and ordering. in order to investigate the variable 'type of requested task', tests involving frequency and temporal discrimination and ordering were elaborated. in order to evaluate the variable 'stimulus duration', frequency discrimination and ordering tests were elaborated, with stimulus durations of 200ms and 100 ms. in addition, temporal discrimination and ordering tests were carried out, with stimulus durations of 200/400ms and 300/600ms. in order to evaluate the variable 'inter-stimulus interval', tests were elaborated with randomly variable inter-stimulus intervals, ranging between 50ms and 250ms. results: regarding inter-stimulus interval, there was no statistically significant difference between the average number of correct answers when intervals varied between 50 and 250ms, in all of the tests. regarding stimulus duration, the research group presented a poor performance for when stimulus had a shorter duration (100ms), compared to those with longer duration, but only in the tests involving frequency. regarding order, the research group presented a poor performance in ordering tasks when compared to discrimination tasks. conclusion: temporal variables such stimuli duration and type of task (discrimination and ordering) can interfere in the performance of children in tests of auditory temporal processing.
Resultados de um programa de triagem auditiva neonatal em Maceió
Dantas, Margareth Barbosa de Souza;Anjos, César Ant?nio Lira dos;Camboim, Elizangela Dias;Pimentel, Marcella de Carvalho Ramos;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992009000100009
Abstract: since 1998, after we started the support group for neonatal hearing screening, many other hearing screening programs were held in brazil. in alagoas, the first program started in 2003, but none of its results were published. hearing is paramount for human communication; therefore, childhood hearing loss can impair speech acquisition, emotional, educational and social development. aim: to present the results achieved in a neonatal hearing screening program in maceió. materials and methods: a retrospective analytical study was carried out in order to study the results from tests carried out from september 2003 to december 2006 in a private hospital of maceió. results: from a total of 2002 newborns, 1,626 fitted the inclusion criteria, 835 (51.4%) males. the hearing screening was considered appropriate in 1416 cases (87.1%), and the most frequently found age was between 16 and 30 days. finally, 163 (10.0%) children presented risk indicators for hearing loss, and hyperbilirubinemia was the most common indicator. conclusions: statistical results obtained from this hearing screening program show the importance of holding such programs. this study is important because it contributes to further regional or multinational studies.
Aplica??o dos testes de padr?o temporal em crian?as com gagueira desenvolvimental persistente
Silva, Rosimeire da;Oliveira, Cristiane Mo?o Canhetti de;Cardoso, Ana Cláudia Vieira;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000045
Abstract: purpose: to characterize and compare the performance of children with diagnosis of stuttering under temporal pattern tests with the performance of children without complaints. method: we evaluated 30 children between 9 and 12-year old, both genders, divided in two groups: gi - 15 children with persistent development stuttering; gii - 15 children without complaints and/or signals of psychiatric or neurological upheavals, speech, hearing, language and/or learning difficulties. to evaluate the auditory processing we applied pitch pattern sequence test (pps) and duration pattern sequence test (dps). results: group ii showed a better performance on pps and dps tests when compared with group i. the results indicated that there was a significant statistical difference between the two groups. conclusion: the subject on group i showed a bad performance on the tests applied, indicating that there is a relation between stuttering and auditory processing disorder.
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