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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2086 matches for " glass "
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Modelling of Internal Stresses in Sheet Glass during the Cooling  [PDF]
Saci Benbahouche, Fouad Roumili, Jean-Christophe Sangleboeuf
World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering (WJNSE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wjnse.2011.12004
Abstract: Internal stresses in glass are generated by interactions between thermal contraction, elasticity at low tem-peratures, viscoelastic flow at higher temperature, and temperature gradients caused by cooling. This work intends to work out calculation program for real temperature distribution and internals stress, and to study their behaviour during the quenching through a flat plate of soda-lime glass from different temperatures.
Elastic Properties of Clinopyroxene Based Glasses along Diopside (CaMgSi2O6)-Jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) Join  [PDF]
Rinkel Jindal, Widiya Jatmiko, Indra Vir Singh, R. Jayaganthan
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2012.113020
Abstract: The elastic properties of glasses along Diopside (CaMgSi2O6)-Jadeite (NaAlSi2O6) join (Dix - Jd1-x where x=20, 40, 60, 80, 100 mole %), were obtained by the ultrasonic echography technique, at room temperature. The correlation of elastic moduli with the atomic packing density of these glasses was discussed. The derived experimental values of Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus and Poisson’s ratio for investigated glasses were compared with those theoretically calculated values in terms of the Makishima–Mackenzie model and the modified model presented by Rocherulle.
Recycling of Glass Fibers from Fiberglass Polyester Waste Composite for the Manufacture of Glass-Ceramic Materials  [PDF]
Felix Antonio López, Maria Isabel Martín, Irene García-Díaz, Olga Rodríguez, Francisco Jose Alguacil, Maximina Romero
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2012.38088
Abstract: This work presents the feasibility of reusing a glass fiber resulting from the thermolysis and gasification of waste composites to obtain glass-ceramic tiles. Polyester fiberglass (PFG) waste was treated at 550℃ for 3 h in a 9.6 dm3 thermolytic reactor. This process yielded an oil (≈24 wt%), a gas (≈8 wt%) and a solid residue (≈68 wt%). After the polymer has been removed, the solid residue is heated in air to oxidize residual char and remove surface contamination. The cleaning fibers were converted into glass-ceramic tile. A mixture consisting of 95 wt% of this solid residue and 5% Na2O was melted at 1450℃ to obtain a glass frit. Powder glass samples (<63 μm) was then sintered and crystallized at 1013℃, leading to the formation of wollastonite-plagioclase glass-ceramic materials for architectural applications. Thermal stability and crystallization mechanism have been studied by Differential Thermal Analysis. Mineralogy analyses of the glass-ceramic materials were carried out using X-ray Diffraction.
Influence of Synthesis Parameters on the Structure, Pore Morphology and Bioactivity of a New Mesoporous Glass  [PDF]
Nouha Letaief, Anita Lucas-Girot, Hassane Oudadesse, Rachida Dorbez-Sridi
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2014.22009

The main objective of the present work was to investigate the effect of surfactant type and synthesis temperature on the structure, porosity and the bioactivity of 92S6 (92% SiO2, 6% CaO, and 2% P2O5 mol %) mesoporous sol-gel glasses. The aim was to provide a basis for controlling the bioactive behavior of the different 92S6 samples used for tissue regeneration and for biomedical engineering in order to obtain sufficient performances by controlling the porosity of the glass. In this paper, a series of mesoporous bioactive glasses were synthesized using three different surfactants (C10H20BrN, C19H42BrN, C22H48BrN) at different aging temperatures (20°C, 40°C and 60°C). The surfactant was removed by calcination, which was carried out by increasing the temperature to 650°C for 6 h. A comparison among these synthesized glasses was conducted and the research emphasis was placed on the synthesis temperature and the surfactant type dependence on the textural properties and particularly porosity that were ultimately responsible for glass bioactivity.

Glass Marking with CO2 Laser: Experimental Study of the Interaction Laser - Material  [PDF]
Pascal Deprez, Ciprian-Florin Melian, Florin Breaban, Jean-Francois Coutouly
Journal of Surface Engineered Materials and Advanced Technology (JSEMAT) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jsemat.2012.21006
Abstract: Laser marking is a laser processing technology used in many fields of industry like automotive [1], aerospace [2], microelectronic [3] and medecine [4]. CO2 laser is an appropriate source for marking glasses [5]. Compared to the other techniques of marking, the principal advantages of the use of the laser are: made inalterable, high degree of accuracy and the smoothness of the features, the possibility of marking at difficult to reach places, and the fact of being able to mark fragile materials like ceramic and glass [6]. In this experimental work, the influence of marking parameters like interaction time laser-glass, laser power, shooting time etc. on the micromarking precision are reported. A “melt” depth prediction model has been established.
Effect of Neodymium on the Crystallization, Microstructure and Colorization of Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 Glass Ceramics  [PDF]
Xingzhong Guo, Wenyan Li, Hui Yang, Jiajie Zhao, Wenda Zhao
New Journal of Glass and Ceramics (NJGC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/njgc.2012.22014
Abstract: The effect of single coloring agent Nd(NO3)3 on the crystallization, microstructure and colorization of Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 (LAS) glass ceramics were investigated by differential thermal analysis (DTA), X-ray diffractometry (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The introduction of little neodymium has no effect on the crystallization manner and the formation of main crystallization phase, but more neodymium will weaken the crystallization of LAS glass. Little neodymium can increase the glossiness of LAS glass ceramic, while more neodymium can color LAS glass with light purple or red purple. The colorability of neodymium for LAS glass ceramic decreases with the increase of crystallization temperature.
Structural Changes by Thermal Treatment up to Glass Obtention of P2O5-Na2O-CaO-SiO2 Compounds with Bioglass Composition Types  [PDF]
Cristina Volzone, Franco Matías Stábile
New Journal of Glass and Ceramics (NJGC) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/njgc.2013.31009
Abstract: P2O5-Na2O-CaO-SiO2 compounds are the base of certain glass types. Glasses are solids obtained by fast cooling of melted mix of certain compounds. Different compositions give origin to many products with a variety of applications such as: bottles, coatings, windows, tools for chemical industry, laboratory equipment, optics, as bioceramics, etc. The aim of this work was to analyze structural changes of different composition in the P2O5-Na2O-CaO-SiO2 systems thermally treated up to 1250?C, that is to say, before glass formation, by X ray diffraction. Intermediate and final developed phases up to 1100?C thermal treatment in samples were generated as a function of Na2O/CaO (1 and 1.62) and P2O5/Na2O ratios (0, 0.2 and 0.245). High-and low-combeites, calcium and sodium-calcium silicate were found at the highest studied temperature.
Simulation of Solidification Parameters during Zr Based Bulk Metallic Glass Matrix Composite’s (BMGMCs) Additive Manufacturing  [PDF]
Muhammad Musaddique Ali Rafique
Engineering (ENG) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2018.103007
Abstract: After a silence of three decades, bulk metallic glasses and their composites have re-emerged as a competent engineering material owing to their excellent mechanical properties not observed in any other engineering material known till date. However, they exhibit poor ductility and little or no toughness which make them brittle and they fail catastrophically under tensile loading. Exact explanation of this behaviour is difficult, and a lot of expensive experimentation is needed before conclusive results could be drawn. In present study, a theoretical approach has been presented aimed at solving this problem. A detailed mathematical model has been developed to describe solidification phenomena in zirconium based bulk metallic glass matrix composites during additive manufacturing. It precisely models and predicts solidification parameters related to microscale solute diffusion (mass transfer) and capillary action in these rapidly solidifying sluggish slurries. Programming and simulation of model is performed in MATLAB®. Results show that the use of temperature dependent thermophysical properties yields a synergic effect for multitude improvement and refinement simulation results. Simulated values proved out to be in good agreement with prior simulated and experimental results.
Effect of latex conversion on glass transition temperature  [PDF]
Shao-Xiang Li, Ying-Dong Guan, Lu-Mei Liu
Natural Science (NS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2010.25064
Abstract: We have synthesized styrene-acrylic latex and investigated the effect of such reaction conditions as the dosage of initiator, surfactant and stirring speed on monomer conversion and glass transition temperature (Tg) of polymer by means of orthogonal experiment, then we get the best reaction conditions. Test results prove that the glass transition temperature of the polymer is directly related to the monomer con- version. The improvement of monomer conver- sion can make the glass transition temperature close to the theoretical value. In the case of high final conversion, we can predict the glass transition temperature of the polymers of different composition according to the theoretical relation effectively.
Corrosion Behavior of Cu60Zr30Ti10 Metallic Glass in the Cl Containing Solution  [PDF]
Wei-Ke An, An-Hui Cai, Xiang Xiong, Yong Liu, Yun Luo, Tie-Lin Li, Xiao-Song Li
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.26073
Abstract: Cu60Zr30Ti10 (at. %) ribbon was prepared by melt spinning. Its glassy structure was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD). Its corrosion behavior in HCl and NaCl solutions was investigated by electrochemical polarization measurement. The surfaces before and after corrosion were observed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and analysis was performed using electron dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). The results show that the decrease of current density is due to the formation of a mixture of simple oxides or complex oxidic compounds. In both cases, the corrosion potential decreases with increasing chloride concentration. The passive film forms easier in HCl than in NaCl. In addition, the higher is the chloride concentration, the easier is the passivation.
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