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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8286 matches for " food practices "
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Evaluation of Food Hygiene Knowledge Attitudes and Practices of Food Handlers in Food Businesses in Accra, Ghana  [PDF]
George Amponsah Annor, Ekua Anamoaba Baiden
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.28114
Abstract: Food handlers have a prime role to play in food businesses, and that is to guarantee that meals served are hygienic for consumption. Conscious or inadvertent contamination of such food places consumers at risk of suffering from food- borne illnesses. For this reason the study was carried out to document the food hygiene knowledge, attitudes and practices of some food handlers, in food businesses in Accra, Ghana and also to determine the microbiological load of the foods sold by the food businesses. The study targeted food handlers in the hotel industry. The study involved a field survey, followed by a laboratory assessment of microbiological status of food samples obtained from the sampled hotels. Cross tabulations and chi – squared tests (5% significance level) as well as frequency distributions were used to analyze the data obtained from the field survey. Data obtained from the laboratory assessment were also compared to standard values of microbiological counts. Majority of respondents were between the ages of 30 - 40 years (42.9%) with tertiary or post secondary education. Food hygiene knowledge and attitudes were satisfactory, however its practice was challenging. Gender, age and educational level of respondents did not influence their food hygiene practices. Microbial counts of all food samples was generally high ranging from 1.2 × 105 CFU/g to 1.1 × 108 CFU /g. The total coliform counts of foods ranged from 1.0 × 104 CFU/g to 5.0 × 106 CFU/g, and these were obtained from three out of the five hotel kitchens sampled. The study concluded that, the food hygiene knowledge and attitudes of the food handlers did not result in efficient food hygiene practices.
Influence of Processing on Dietary Fiber, Tannin and in Vitro Protein Digestibility of Pearl Millet  [PDF]
Florence Suma Pushparaj, Asna Urooj
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.28122
Abstract: From the nutritional point of view, data on dietary fiber content, tannin and in vitro protein digestibility of processed millet is of importance, because millets are never eaten raw. Effects of commonly used traditional methods on dietary fiber, tannin content and %IVPD of two locally available pearl millet varieties (Kalukombu and Maharashtra Rabi Bajra) were investigated. The millet was subjected to various processing methods like milling (whole flour, semi refined flour and bran rich fraction) roasting, boiling, pressure cooking & germination respectively. Processing had little effect on the total dietary fiber (TDF) content in both varieties; however the bran rich fraction showed highest TDF content of around 29%. Tannins effectively lowered upon boiling and pressure cooking respectively, but significantly increased (P ≥ 0.05) upon germination. Although the % IVPD of the millet (45.5 – 49.3 g/100g) was low, it significantly increased upon milling (bran rich fraction), roasting and germination respectively.
Sanitation Practices among Food Handlers in a Military Food Service Institution, Malaysia  [PDF]
Hai Yen Lee, Wan Nadirah Wan Chik, Fatimah Abu Bakar, Nazamid Saari, Nor Ainy Mahyudin
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.311204
Abstract: This study was conducted over a period of two months to assess the food hygiene practices among food handlers in a military food service institution that have been trained with food safety practices and knowledge. Since limited data was published for the services rendered to governmental agencies such as the military, this study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and motivation of food handlers under this institution that was responsible for the provision of food to the armed forces in Malaysia. Findings from this study offered an insight for food sanitation practices and influence of the authority towards food service institutions under the policy of voluntary HACCP practices.
Food Prohibitions and Other Traditional Practices in Pregnancy: A Qualitative Study in Western Region of Ghana  [PDF]
Patience Otoo, Helen Habib, Augustine Ankomah
Advances in Reproductive Sciences (ARSci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2015.33005
Abstract: Women all over the world are confronted with many difficult choices during pregnancy and child birth. Wrong choices often result in unfavorable outcomes for expectant mothers and their babies, a situation which is common in developing countries. Cultural practices, beliefs and taboos are often implicated in determining the care received by mothers during pregnancy and child birth which is an important determinant of maternal mortality. This study explored the traditional practices associated with pregnancy and childbirth in Shama District of the Western Region, Ghana. A qualitative study consisting of six focus group discussions of between eight and ten participants per group and eight in-depth interviews were held over a period of one month. The purpose was to explore local foods that are forbidden for pregnant women and why, herbal medicine use during pregnancy and child birth and reasons for choosing home or hospital delivery. The findings show that pregnant women are forbidden from taking nutritious foods such as snails, ripe plantain, okra and many others for fear of complications during pregnancy and child birth. Herbal medicines are frequently used by pregnant women and traditional birth attendants to induce labour, augment and control bleeding during labour. Traditional beliefs and practices as well as negative attitude of health workers are found to reduce health utilization by pregnant women. Health education concerning traditional practices that are detrimental to the health of pregnant women should be emphasized during ANC visits.
Impact of Media and Education on Food Practices in Urban Area of Varanasi
Bhatt Shuchi R, Bhatt Sheeendra M, Singh Anita
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Currently food malpractices are increasing in various metro cities of India and all the measures taken by agencies are failed to detect rapidly and many times it becomes late when the adulteration is detected. Worst scenario is the adulteration of some branded items of the children’s and in the women’s use such as milk cheese, ghee and oils. Therefore, Study for food practices and safety measures was done in selected area of Varanasi which was also validated by the wetlab methods. Methods: For this objective, questionnaire was prepared and distributed among selected people depending on their age group, sex and educational background. Statistical test were carried out on the basis of frequency of male and female respondents obtained in total respondents (n = 300). Chi square test were done and the calculated value were compared with value of t test (0.05) and on this basis, conclusion were drawn. Results: Result shows that regardless of the age income and religion, all of the groups are well aware the food adulteration and educated people are less prone to the effect. In terms of adulteration any how all the stores contains adulterated food however branded items contains less %age of adulteration than local item. This may be caused due to inactive agencies or longer process of legal system Conclusions: Study show that there is lag in following the food practices by all the ages in spite of having good media awareness program and knowledge of food practices.
Diet-nutrition-related cancer prevention knowledge and beliefs of Sudanese in Khartoum: A descriptive study  [PDF]
Adelia Bovell-Benjamin, Essam Elmubarak
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2013.33043
Abstract:

Cancer appears to pose a major threat to the health of the Sudanese population. It is the third leading cause of death in the Sudan after malaria and pneumonia, accounting for 5% of all deaths. In 2005, approximately 22,000 people in the Sudan died from cancer and 17,000 of these people were less than 70 years old. This study was designed to: 1) assess nutrition knowledge and selected dietary beliefs related to cancer in Sudanese residing in Khartoum; 2) identify perceived barriers to the adoption of eating behaviors consistent with those recommended for cancer prevention; and 3) describe the food preferences and dietary practices in Sudanese residing in Khartoum. An interviewer-administered questionnaire elicited demographic information, cancer-related food and nutrition knowledge, food preferences, selected dietary beliefs, barriers to healthy eating and food practices from 182 participants between the ages of 18 and 35 years. More than 50% of females and males correctly identified the food lowest in fiber from a given list. Respondents were knowledgeable about the fat content of their traditional foods, but unaware of the different types of fat. Only 8.8% of the respondents thought that consumption of fruits and vegetables reduced cancer risk. Resondents perceived nutritionists as the most reliable source of information about nutrition and cancer, and the media as the best source of information on nutrition and healthy cooking. “Samin”, feta cheese, a variety of stews, “Zalabia, lean meat, brown bread, sesame oil, dried okra, fried fish, and chicken were described as preferred food items by respondents. Daily salt/ sodium intake was described by 44% and 39% of the male and female respondents, respectively, as “high” (>2400 mg/day). The findings of this study have clear implications for aggressive nutrition education intervention programs with emphasis on the traditional foods of the Sudan.

Epidemiology of Increasing Hemo-Parasite Burden in Ugandan Cattle  [PDF]
Keneth Iceland Kasozi, Enoch Matovu, Dickson Stuart Tayebwa, Jemimah Natuhwera, Israel Mugezi, Michael Mahero
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2014.410026
Abstract: Hemo-parasites (HP) are one of the major constraints to the economic development of the livestock industry in Uganda. Generally, the occurrence and importance of HP is a reflection of complex interactions involving the causative organisms, tick vectors, the vertebrate hosts and the environment. We carried out a cross sectional study to identify and determine the prevalence of the major HPs in Central and Western Uganda, to form a baseline for appropriate interventions. A total of 295 bovine samples were analyzed from 15 districts of Uganda; 56.3% being from the Central and 43.7% from the Western region of the country for a period of six months, and a questionnaire was administered to the farmers. Thin peripheral blood smears stained with Giemsa were used during the laboratory identification of the parasites. The disease prevalence was established at 47.4%, 6.7%, 1.9% and 14.4% for Theleria parva, Babesia spp., Trypanasoma brucei, Anaplasma spp. with a corresponding disease risk ratio (DRR) of 67.4%, 9.5%, 2.6%, 20.5% respectively in Uganda. The odds of having an infection from the Central region were 1.7 times greater (P < 0.05) than those from the Western region with a corresponding risk ratio of 1.2 (CI.1.1, 2.84, 95%), which showed that there exist marked differences between the two regions. Mean PCV was at 29.8%, and majority (59%) of infected animals had low PCV which varied across the months. These showed that generally, cattle in the West are more severely affected by HP than those from the Central region. The questionnaire revealed that 100% of the farmer treatments are based on clinical sign presentation, with occasional reliance on veterinarians. In conclusion, the burden of hemo-parasites is steadily increasing across the regions, and the current policies are not helping farmers who are hit the hardest by the development of antibiotic and acaricide resistance. These findings, along with previous studies, suggest that eradication HP is not feasible unless there are radical changes implemented, and that current practices are expensive and unsustainable. Further studies would be carried out to provide knowledge on the level of antibiotic resistance for the promotion of veterinary public health and trade.
Reconciling Safety and Fairness in Global Agri-Food Standardization  [PDF]
Yuichiro Amekawa
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2013.31006
Abstract:

Private food safety standards have recently emerged as a dynamic power in the global value chan. Good agricultural practices (GAP) is one such standard currently gaining popularity as a prominent field-level food quality assurance system. Achieving private GAP certification, most notably of GlobalGAP, is a dif ficult option for low income producers in the Global South due to the high costs required for necessary investments and certification. This paper critically analyzes the ethical implications of private food safety standards in light of three theoretical perspectives from environmental sociology: ecological moderniza tion, risk society, and eco-socialism. It then examines the potential of public GAP schemes currently emerging in the Global South for reconciling safety and fairness in global agri-food standardization. It is suggested that the expansion of producer participation in public GAP program be regulated by gradual improvements in the state capacity of resource mobilization for auditing and extension institutions.

Desarrollos de la antropología de la alimentación en América Latina: hacia el estudio de los problemas alimentarios contemporáneos
Carrasco Henríquez, Noelia;
Estudios sociales (Hermosillo, Son.) , 2007,
Abstract: diverse theoretic and methodological perceptions about food anthropology have participated, directly or indirectly, in the construction of politics and alimentary intervention in latin america. this article is about the identification and discussion of these approaches, from an analytic point of view of scientific knowledge in its politic context of emergence and application. this analytic perspective is constituted for the confluence of applied and development anthropology developments, and allows presenting the trajectory of anthropology in the nourishment field from theoretical-disciplinary contexts towards politic and programmatic contexts. the idea of this description is to analyze the alliances between anthropological knowledge and politic practice, and the manner in which the theoretical and methodological suggestions of food anthropology were filling spaces in contexts of food politic construction and intervention processes. the main interest is to think about relations among the anthropology and society, its evolution, its possibilities and its actual challenges, emphasizing the emergence of new perspectives and new research problems.
Diagnóstico das condi??es higiênicas de servi?os de alimenta??o de acordo com a NBR 15635:2008
Medeiros, Laissa Benites;Saccol, Ana Lúcia de Freitas;Delevati, Miriam Teresinha da Silva;Brasil, Carla Cristina Bauermann;
Brazilian Journal of Food Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1981-67232012005000035
Abstract: the objective of this study was to evaluate the hygienic conditions of food service in accordance to the brazilian normative nbr 15635:2008. we evaluated 23 food services in the city of santa maria (rs) during the months of july and august in the year of 2011. as an inclusion criteria of the research, the food service business from the district of santa maria (rs) registered in the surveillance of health that have the license in 2009 and updated in 2010 were used. the data collection instrument was a checklist in the good practices drawn from the brazilian normative for foodservices. the results showed that only 4% (n = 1) from the food services were evaluated in group i (good), 70% (n = 16) were classified in group ii (regular) and 26% (n = 6) were classified in group iii (bad). it can be concluded that the majority of the evaluated establishments according to used the rules are classified in the group regularly and bad, thus not attending to the requirements of the normative.
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