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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 13584 matches for " energy subsidies "
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Energy Subsidies in Argentina Lead to Inequalities and Low Thermal Efficiency
Alejandro D. González
Energies , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/en20300769
Abstract: Natural gas is the main energy resource for buildings in Argentina. Since 2002, subsidies have kept the prices of this fuel between 9 and 26 times lower than regular prices in other countries. The lowest prices are the result of climate-related subsidies. In cold areas, heating uses several times more energy than locations in Europe with a similar climate. A potential for consumption reductions of up to 70% suggests a very low building thermal performance. The main barriers to finding a solution are the heavy subsidies and public unawareness. Users, government officials, and construction professionals do not identify the very low thermal efficiency. Energy policies to encourage improvements are proposed.
Reducing Energy Subsidies in China, India and Russia: Dilemmas for Decision Makers
Grant Dansie,Marc Lanteigne,Indra Overland
Sustainability , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/su2020475
Abstract: This article examines and compares efforts to reduce energy subsidies in China, India and Russia. Despite dissimilarities in forms of governance, these three states have followed surprisingly similar patterns in reducing energy subsidies, characterised by two steps forward, one step back. Non-democratic governments and energy importers might be expected to be more likely to halt subsidies. In fact, the degree of democracy and status as net energy exporters or importers does not seem to significantly affect these countries’ capacity to reduce subsidies, as far as can be judged from the data in this article. Politicians in all three fear that taking unpopular decisions may provoke social unrest.
The Economics of Subsidies
Atsu Amegashie
Crossroads , 2006,
Abstract:
基于政府、企业和消费者博弈的电动汽车补贴政策建议
Electric Vehicles Subsidy Policy Advises Based on Game between the Government, Enterprises and Consumers
 [PDF]

马红, 张媛媛
Service Science and Management (SSEM) , 2015, DOI: 10.12677/SSEM.2015.44B011
Abstract:

我国电动汽车逐步进入产业化发展阶段,仍面临着产品价格过高,市场需求不足,尤其是消费者购买意愿不强等困境,导致电动汽车行业还无法迅速达成产业规模。因此,在电动汽车产业发展初期,需要相关政策手段予以支持,最常见的即是实施财政补贴。但是,目前电动汽车补贴政策存在着过补贴过低,补贴种类过于单一问题,严重影响补贴效率,进而影响政府对电动汽车行业的支持力度,乃至中国新能源汽车的发展战略。本文从博弈论角度,建立政府、汽车企业,和消费者的三阶段斯塔克博格博弈,得出政府对电动汽车补贴的最优额度。在此基础上,引入电动汽车节能减排公式,重点分析电动汽车节能减排效益,试图向政府提出制定电动汽车补贴政策的合理建议。
China’s electric vehicles has gradually entered the industrialization stage of development, facing complex situations and difficulties, such as high price and low demand, especially the weak consumer purchase intention. All these have made that electric vehicle industry still unable to reach the scale of the industry quickly. Thus, in the initial stage of the development of electric vehicle industry, we need policy measures to support it and the most common one is implementation of financial subsidies. However, the present electric vehicle subsidies are too low and single, which seriously affects the efficiency of policy, and even the development strategy of China’s new energy vehicles. Based on the game theory, this paper has built a three-stage Stackelberg model, which contains government, automobile enterprises and consumers, and obtained the optimal amount of government subsidies for electric vehicle. Then, it introduces the energy efficiency formula for electric vehicles, trying to give reasonable advice to government on the electric car subsidy policy.

An Interactive Environmental Economy Model for Energy Cycle in Iran
M Shafie-Pour Motlagh, MM Farsiabi, HR Kamalan
Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering , 2005,
Abstract: The growing world economy calls for saving natural resources with sustainable development framework. This paper intends to look at the environment-energy interface (impacts on the environment stemming form the energy sector) and to propose measures for reducing this impact without trying to impede economic development. In addition, this paper estimates the amounts of energy subsidies about 20% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2019 if the conditions do not change. Meanwhile, environmental damage from air pollution has been assessed by scaling according to GDP per capita measured in purchase power parity (PPP) terms. Using this approach, the total damage from air pollution in 2001 was assessed about $7billion; equivalent to 8.4% of nominal GDP. Lacking price reform and control policies, the authors estimate that damage in Iran will grow to 10.9% of GDP by 2019. In line with difficulties of eliminating subsidies, a list of 25 measures has been analyzed, using the environmental cost-benefit analysis and based on cost-effectiveness of the policies to verify which ones would be implemented. Finally the financial effects of implementing different combinations of price reform and carrying out those policies on the state budget, damage costs and subsidies have been calculated.
Os subsídios à agricultura no comércio internacional: as políticas da Uni?o Europeia e dos Estados Unidos da América
Bruno, Flávio Marcelo Rodrigues;Azevedo, André Filipe Zago de;Massuquetti, Angélica;
Ciência Rural , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782012000400030
Abstract: this study examines the practice of agricultural subsidies in international trade, aiming at scaling its practice as a strategic economic tool primarily for the agricultural sector, especially to the united states and the european union. a complete ban on subsidies is not desirable because its practice, in essence, is a path to improve the welfare of the nation. however, the way the agricultural subsidies have been employed, constitute protectionist interventions that distort international trade. the united states and the european union are the major users of this instrument in international trade, a factor that has raised concerns about their own efficiency as a strategic trade policy for international trade.
ACCOUNTING POLICIES REGARDING SUBSIDIES IN AGRICULTURE
CAMELIA-DANIELA HA?EGAN,CARMEN-MIHAELA IMBRESCU,O.O. MEGAN
Lucr?ri ?tiin?ifice : Management Agricol , 2009,
Abstract: The work approaches theoretical problems regarding the role of subsidies in agriculture, the situation of the subsidies in Romania, as well as the accounting policies regarding these subsidies. From the accounting point of view, we followed how the politics are being applied by the companies with agricultural orientation, for the two categories: subsidies related to the assets and subsidies related to incomes.
基于Stackelberg策略的节能方案优选方法
Optimal Selection of Energy Saving Program Based on Stackelberg Equilibrium

杨天剑,宋景秀,庞博文
- , 2018, DOI: 10.15918/j.tbit1001-0645.2018.04.017
Abstract: 节能服务行业迅速发展,在政府规定企业节能配额和采取补贴政策下,探讨用能企业节能方案选择的问题.给定补贴情景下,分别建立自己投资节能的利润最大化模型和外包节能的斯坦伯格模型,采用Stackelberg动态博弈确定最优节能量和效益分享比例,并对比分析不同补贴情景下用能公司节能方式选择的影响因素.研究发现:考虑政府补贴后用能公司会改变原来的节能方式,倾向于选择外包节能,有利于节能服务行业的发展.
The energy saving service industry is developing rapidly and this paper discusses the choices for enterprise energy-saving because the government sets a threshold value about energy saving and adopts the subsidy policy to encourage enterprises to save energy. Given the scenario of subsidies, a profit-maximizing model and a Stackelberg game model were set respectively to determine the optimal energy saving and the benefit-sharing proportion. The effects of the choice of energy saving under different subsidies were analyzed. The results indicate that, considering the government's subsidies, the company will change the original energy-saving way, and tend to choose outsourcing to save energy, which is conducive to the development of energy-saving service industry.
SUBSIDIOS DE EDUCACIóN: IMPACTO EN LA MIGRACIóN Y CONVERGENCIA REGIONAL
DURáN,GONZALO;
Cuadernos de economía , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-68212005012600007
Abstract: during the last couple of decades, migratory movements in chile have been minimal. regions are far from achieving equality in per capita income, and migration has not been an equalizing force. hence, there is marked persistence in regional inequity. this paper attempts to explain this lack of convergence. the main hypothesis is that there are some public policies that have an inhibiting effect over migration. in particular, the educational subsidies would act as an anchoring element. using an enlarged version of the harris and todaro model (1970) we conclude that in effect the "in school" food subsidy given by the ministry of education (for over 40 years) a powerful deterrent of migration between regions in chile
SUBSIDIOS, PERMISOS Y CONDICIONES: LA DOCTRINA DE LAS CONDICIONES INCONSTITUCIONALES EN ESTADOS UNIDOS Y SU APLICACIóN EN CHILE
Soto Velasco,Sebastián;
Revista chilena de derecho , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-34372009000100006
Abstract: this document refers to the unconstitutional condition doctrine in the united states and its possible application in our legal system. the doctrine states that the constitution does not allow the government to require someone to surrender a constitutional right as a condition to receive some governmental benefit. the following pages analyze this contended doctrine considering the current constitutional debate and the case law in the united states. then, the article presents some decisions of the chilean constitutional court in order to find the foundations of such doctrine in chile.
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