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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32 matches for " emphasis "
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The Phonetics of Multiple Vowel Lengthening in Japanese  [PDF]
Shigeto Kawahara, Aaron Braver
Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.32019
Abstract: Many languages exploit a short vs. long lexical contrast in vowels. In most, if not all of these languages, the contrast is binary. In Japanese, however, speakers can lengthen vowels to express emphasis, and multiple degrees of lengthening can be used to express different degrees of emphasis. This paper offers the first experimental documentation of this emphatic vowel lengthening phenomenon. The current results demonstrate that, among the seven speakers recorded, at least a few speakers show six-levels of distinction in duration, and all but one speaker showed a steady linear correlation between duration and level of emphasis. We conclude that Japanese speakers have articulatory control that allows them to make very fine-grained durational distinctions, which go beyond mere binary short vs. long distinctions.
Construcciones con verbo duplicado
Mora-Bustos,Armando; Melgarero,Carolina;
Boletin de Linguistica , 2008,
Abstract: in spanish, duplicated verb constructions are very common. in terms of its morphosyntactic codification, the duplicated verb appears in four different forms: with an auxiliary verb, without an auxiliary verb, with a plain inflected verb, and with an adverbial function. in terms of its semantics, this verbal form expresses two basic senses: iteration and emphasis. in the former, the duplicated verb denotes that a specific state of affairs, in certain linguistic contexts, is realized more than once in an undetermined way (except for states). in the latter, and within other linguistic circumstances, the duplicated verb carries only an emphatic value.
O fen?meno da focaliza??o e a interface fonologia-sintaxe
GON?ALVES, Carlos Alexandre;
DELTA: Documenta??o de Estudos em Lingüística Teórica e Aplicada , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-44501999000200005
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to describe the strategies of focalization in brazilian portuguese, observing the syntax-phonology interface. i defend the independence of prosody in the materialization of the phenomenon and, for this, i suggest a 'bilateral moderate dissocicionist' connection beetween this two subsystems of grammar.
Relieve sintáctico en el espa?ol escrito de Chile: Las construcciones ecuacionales y ecuandicionales
Revista signos , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-09342005000100006
Abstract: in this article the ?ecuacionales? and ?ecuandicionales? constructions are examined comparatively with the double intention of characterizing their formal, syntactic and informative properties, on one hand; and, on the other, to evaluate their performance as syntactic resources of emphasis. to accomplish these objectives, a functional methodology is used, which includes a set of syntactic, semantic and pragmatic functions, which are applied to a corpus of 120 samples (110 ?ecuacionales? and 10 ?ecuandicionales?), which was obtained from a line-by-line analysis from chilean newspapers of nationalwide circulation. the analysis procedure is applied to every term of reference of the sample in the paradigmatic and syntagmatic dimensions, deducing features that relate to and distinguish these sentences. according to this precision, this study is intended to reveal peculiarities related to the form and pragmagramatical behavior. among the relevant results, it is necessary to emphasize the metalinguistic function that is stated in both constructions, in the sense of their capacity to discriminate between grammatical structures of various levels. to this, it is possible to add the unequal discursive productivity show by these mechanisms of emphasis. these results agree with those obtained in other studies, but unlike those, our findings are in the area of the gramatical complexity and this implies the employment of these emphatic devices, in which a syntactic extraction is produced from which important informative consequences stem are derived.
Ple nik’s concept of planning the rehabilitation of Ljubljana
Andreja Jan
Urbani Izziv , 2001,
Abstract: Most of Ple nik’s work was achieved in the strict urban core, mainly on the edge joining the historical medieval core with the new city. Ple nik gradually created a composition of places surrounding the old city that became important connecting elements between the medieval and modern city, at that time in its first development surge. From his work it is clear that he achieved his imaginary city gradually and methodically, with architectural emphasis and based on ties between particular key places in the city. He recognised these key spaces in the city, tied them together with axes and merged them into the present urban tissue.
Prosodically Rich Speech Synthesis Interface Using Limited Data of Celebrity Voice  [PDF]
Takashi Nose, Taiki Kamei
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2016.416006
Abstract: To enhance the communication between human and robots at home in the future, speech synthesis interfaces are indispensable that can generate expressive speech. In addition, synthesizing celebrity voice is commercially important. For these issues, this paper proposes techniques for synthesizing natural-sounding speech that has a rich prosodic personality using a limited amount of data in a text-to-speech (TTS) system. As a target speaker, we chose a well-known prime minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe, who has a good prosodic personality in his speeches. To synthesize natural-sounding and prosodically rich speech, accurate phrasing, robust duration prediction, and rich intonation modeling are important. For these purpose, we propose pause position prediction based on conditional random fields (CRFs), phone-duration prediction using random forests, and mora-based emphasis context labeling. We examine the effectiveness of the above techniques through objective and subjective evaluations.
RLA. Revista de lingüística teórica y aplicada , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-48832010000100003
Abstract: this paper presents an acoustic-perceptual analysis of prosody in constructions with un? que in spanish of buenos aires. in some of these constructions a part of the message is emphasized, whereas in some other cases it does not appear any emphasis. studies devoted to this construction describe these semantic differences but do not give any measure of prosody. within our theoretical framework, we aim to find out if differences in communicative intention have a correlate with prosodic parameters. we have measured f0 contours, energy and pause in contrastive pairs of constructions within a corpus of 100 utterances produced by four speakers.
Adapting The Joy Luck Club: Thematic Emphasis through Form
Wanlin Li
Image and Narrative : Online Magazine of the Visual Narrative , 2010,
Sub-nanosecond optical switch based on silicon racetrack resonator

Xu Hai-Hu,Huang Qing-Zhong,Li Yun-Tao,Yu Yu-De,Yu Jin-Zhong,

中国物理 B , 2010,
Abstract: We experimentally demonstrate a small-size and high-speed silicon optical switch based on the free carrier plasma dispersion in silicon. Using an embedded racetrack resonator with a quality factor of 7400, the optical switch shows an extinction ratio exceeding 13 dB with a footprint of only 2.2×10-3 mm2. Moreover, a novel pre-emphasis technique is introduced to improve the optical response performance and the rise and the fall times are reduced down to 0.24 ns and 0.42 ns respectively, which are 25% and 44% lower than those without the pre-emphasis.
Przegl d badań klinicznych prezentowanych w czasie Kongresu Heart Failure 2011, G teborg 21-24.05.2011
Tymoteusz ?era
Polish Journal of Cardiology , 2011,
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