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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 22601 matches for " diarrheal disease "
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20 YEARS OF PROGRESS IN DIARRHEAL DISEASE RESEARCH
Narain H. Punjabi,Nancy D. Witham,Donald H. Burr,Cyrus H. Simanjuntak
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: When NAMRU started its collaboration work with the National Institute of Health, Research and Development (NIHRD), it became apparent that diarrheal disease was one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in Indonesia, especially in children. Many of the most important etiologic agents of diarrhea were not known and the percentage of diarrheas with an identifiable etiologic agent was very low. Since these early times NAMRU and NIHRD have worked together in all aspects of diarrheal disease research. Increased capabilities for the identification of bac-tériologie, parasitic and viral enteropathogens, new vaccines, and better treatment via oral rehydration solutions are some of the results of this collaboration.
WATER SUPPLY AND DIARRHEAL DISEASE IN RURAL AREAS OF INDONESIA
Sumengen Sutomo
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Hubungan antara air bersih dan penyakit diare telah dipelajari melalui penelitian di daerah pedesaan di 9 propinsi Indonesia. Sampel 8597 rumah tangga dipilih secara bertahap melalui systematic sampling. Kemudian diadakan wawancara dengan ibu rumah tangga serta observasi untuk menentukan kejadian diare dan sarana air bersih. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penduduk yang menggunakan air bersih memiliki kecenderung-an lebih kecil menderita penyakit diare. Sebaliknya penduduk yang tidak menggunakan air bersih memi-liki kecenderungan menderita penyakit diare.
Impact of tubewell access and tubewell depth on childhood diarrhea in Matlab, Bangladesh
Jianyong Wu, Mohammad Yunus, Peter Streatfield, Alexander van Geen, Veronica Escamilla, Yasuyuki Akita, Marc Serre, Michael Emch
Environmental Health , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1476-069x-10-109
Abstract: A total of 59,796 cases of diarrhea in children under 5 were recorded in 142 villages of Matlab, Bangladesh during monthly community health surveys between 2000 and 2006. The location and depth of 12,018 tubewells were surveyed in 2002-04 and integrated with diarrhea and other data in a geographic information system. A proxy for tubewell access was developed by calculating the local density of tubewells around households. Logistic regression models were built to examine the relationship between childhood diarrhea, tubewell density and tubewell depth. Wealth, adult female education, flood control, population density and the child's age were considered as potential confounders.Baris (patrilineally-related clusters of households) with greater tubewell density were associated with significantly less diarrhea (OR (odds ratio) = 0.87, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-0.89). Tubewell density had a greater influence on childhood diarrhea in areas that were not protected from flooding. Baris using intermediate depth tubewells (140-300 feet) were associated with more childhood diarrhea (OR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.19-1.29) than those using shallow wells (10-140 feet). Baris using deep wells (300-990 feet) had less diarrheal disease than those using shallow wells, however, the difference was significant only when population density was low (< 1000 person/km2) or children were at the age of 13-24 months.Increased access to tubewells is associated with a lower risk of childhood diarrhea. Intermediate- depth wells are associated with more childhood diarrhea compared to shallower or deeper wells. These findings may have implications for on-going efforts to reduce exposure to elevated levels of arsenic contained in groundwater that is pumped in this study area primarily from shallow tubewells.Diarrheal diseases are a major public health problem in the developing world. Approximately 1.5 million children die from diarrheal diseases each year globally, which makes it the second most commo
Características epidemiológicas y clinicoterapéuticas en pacientes ingresados a causa de enfermedad diarreica persistente
Seisdedos Gómez,Gloria María; Tamayo Reus,Caridad María; Góngora Wilson,Tatiana; Nú?ez Martínez,Luz María; Matos Guerrero,Irina;
MEDISAN , 2012,
Abstract: a descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study was conducted in 62 infants with persistent diarrheal disease, admitted to the department for acute diarrheal diseases of southern teaching children hospital in santiago de cuba from january to december 2010 to characterize them according to some epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic variables. most members of the series were males (66.1%), they were from rural areas (53.2%), and had regular living conditions (51.7%) and history of diarrhea (53.2%). also, the use of antimicrobials before admission was high (74.1%), with prevalence of metronidazole (32.2%), the most frequent complication was the disaccharidase deficiency (67.7%) and the total of the patients did not receive exclusive breastfeeding, which could contribute to increasing the frequency of the condition
A case of myopericarditis associated to Campylobacter jejuni infection in the southern hemisphere
Fica, Alberto;Seelmann, Daniela;Porte, Lorena;Eugenin, Daniela;Gallardo, Ricardo;
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-86702012000300014
Abstract: myopericarditis is an infrequent complication of acute diarrheal illness due to campylobacter jejuni, and it has been mainly reported in developed nations. the first case detected in chile - an upper-middle income country -, that is coincidental with the increasing importance of acute gastroenteritis associated to this pathogen, is described. recognition of this agent in stools requires special laboratory techniques not widely available, and it was suspected when a young patient presented with acute diarrhea, fever, and chest pain combined with electrocardiogram (ekg) abnormalities and elevated myocardial enzymes. c. jejuni myopericarditis can easily be suspected but its detection requires dedicated laboratory techniques.
Caracterización fenotípica de cepas de Aeromonas aisladas de pacientes con enfermedad diarreica aguda
Bravo Fari?as,Laura; Fernández Abreu,Anabel; González Leiva,Deyánira; Ramírez álvarez,Margarita; Aguila Sánchez,Adalberto; Cabrera Cantelar,Nereyda; Martínez Mota,Isabel; Fernández Andreu,Carlos; Sánchez Valdéz,Liset; Cruz Infante,Yanaika;
Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical , 2011,
Abstract: introduction: the acute diarrheal diseases are one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality in children aged under 5 years and in the general population; this demands a great deal of care in the healthcare services. the situation worsens due to the overuse of antimicrobials and the development of bacterial resistance, being the latter an emerging health problem in different areas of the world. among the causative microorganisms of acute diarrheal diseases are those of aeromonas genus, recognized as second risk emerging pathogens. objectives: to determine the most frequently isolated aeromonas species in fecal samples from acute diarrheal patients and their antimicrobial susceptibility. methods: the bauer-kirby′s method allowed identifying the susceptibility to several antimicrobials of 100 isolated samples coming from the provincial hygiene and epidemiology centers during 2007 and 2008. results: identification of the species was accomplished in 67% of isolates, being a. caviae (33 %) y a. hydrophila (29 %) the predominant species. it was demonstrated that 100% of isolates got resistant to at least one of the studied antimicrobials. drug resistance to cefalotine, sulfonamides and nalidixic acid showed the highest percentages. conclusions: tetracycline and chloramphenicol are recommended as the drugs of choice for treating intestinal infections caused by these microorganisms in cuba.
Prognosis of national and regional tendency of acute diarrheal diseases in children under 5 years in Peru by an ARIMA model with the approach of Box-Jenkins
Jorge Miranda,Willy Ramos
Revista Peruana de Epidemiologia , 2010,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To predict a national and regional level the tendency of acute diarrheal diseases (ADD) in children under 5 years old in Peru to 2010 by an ARIMA model with the approach of Box-Jenkins.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ecological study of time series. The geographical unit of analysis was constituted by each of 25 regions of Peru. It was obtained information of the number of cases of ADD reported weekly to the group of 0 to 5 years old in Ministry of Health Centers, EsSalud, Armed and Police Forces for each region during 2000-2009, adjusted rates were calculated to a national and regional level. To the analysis of series, an ARIMA model was used with the approach of Box-Jenkins, once the series model was identified it was estimated their parameters.RESULTS: The tendency of ADD in children under 5 years old to 2010 will be ascending in comparison to 2008 and 2009. It is estimated that to January and February of 2010 an increase of 3 episodes for each thousands of children under 5 years old with respect to 2009. It is expected a maximum rate of 24 episodes for each thousands of children under 5 years old to February and July 2010. The regions with tendency to the increase of episodes would be mainly Ucayali, Moquegua and Arequipa followed by Loreto, La Libertad and Lambayeque that will present a high rate to the national mean estimated to this year; while, Madre de Dios, Apurímac y Cusco will present a tendency of decrease.CONCLUSION: The ARIMA model with the approach of Box-Jenkins shows an ascending tendency of ADDs to the 2010 in comparison with 2008 and 2009 determining 6 regions with tendency of increase in which should prioritize health interventions.
THE IMPACT OF WATER SUPPLY ON DIARRHEAL DISEASE IN SEVERAL VILLAGES, NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR
Sumengen Sutomo,Zainul Bakri,Cyrus H. Simanjuntak,Kumoro Palupi
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Dampak penyediaan air bersih terhadap penyakit diare telah dipelajari di dua kecamatan endemis Malaka Tengah dan Malaka Barat, Kabupaten Belu, Propinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur dalam bulan No-pember 1987. Prevalensi diare di 15 desa berkisar antara 73,9 - 634,2 per 1000 penduduk dengan rata-rata 2692 per 1000 penduduk. Prevalensi di desa yang menggunakan sarana baik (safe) 166 per 1000 penduduk, sarana kurang baik (less safe) 184 per 1000 penduduk dan sarana jelek (unsafe) 315 per 1000 penduduk. Sarana penyediaan air mempengaruhi prevalensi diare. Prevalensi diare relatif rendah di desa yang sebagian besar penduduknya menggunakan sarana baik. Sebaliknya prevalensi lebih tinggi di desa yang menggunakan sarana kurang baik atau jelek.
POLA DISTRIBUSI DAMPAK PERBAIKAN AIR MINUM TERHADAP PENYAKIT DIARE PADA ANAK UMUR ANTARA 0 SAMPAI DENGAN 10 TAHUN
Sidik Wasito,Sri Soewasti Soesanto,Ida Bagus Indra Gotama
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: A study on the health impact of improved rural water supply with piping system was done in two sub districts, Regency of Sumedang West Jawa. Two desas in each sub district have been selected for the study. In each, two kampungs supplied with piped water as study areas, while the other two similar kampungs without piped water as control areas. The objective of this study was to elaborate the distribution of the health impact of improved water supply on diarrheal disease of the children, 0 up to 10 years old in parti-cular, in relation to the number of household members, the income of the household, the sex and age groups (age factors) of the children. The results show, that : In general there was a positive health impact of the improved rural water supply on diarrheal disease of the children 0 up to 10 years old in the study areas, related to the number of household members, the income of the household, the sex and the age groups of the children. The prevalence rates of diarrheal disease among children 0 up to 10 years old associate significantly with the number of household members, the income of the household, and with the age groups of the children, but do not associate significantly with the sex of the children.
Brazilian Indigenous Children as Carriers of Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli Pathotypes  [PDF]
Carla V. L. Coelho, Tania A. T. Gomes, M?nica A. M. Vieira, Ana Cláudia P. Rosa, Diana P. Marinho, Bernadeth L. Von S?hsten, Cristiane S. Sanfins, André R. Santos Périssé, Adriana H. Regua-Mangia
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2018.84017
Abstract: Introduction: Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) is a relevant cause of diarrhea, particularly among infants and young children in developing countries. Methodology: We compared the frequency, antimicrobial resistance, adherence, enterovirulence and genetic diversity of DEC isolates from Guarani indigenous population under five living in distinct villages in Brazil. Results: Of the 314 E. coli isolates from 57 children, with and without diarrhea, 15% (48/314) were classified in DEC categories: aEPEC (56%, 27/48), EAEC (35%, 17/48) and ETEC (8%, 4/48). ETEC belonged to plylogroup A, EAEC to groups A, B1, B2 and D, and aEPEC to phylogroups A, B1, and B2. EAEC exhibited the aggregative adherence phenotype while ETEC and aEPEC the aggregative and undefined patterns. Multidrug-resistance was detected in aEPEC, ETEC and EAEC while extensive drug-resistance was found in EAEC and aEPEC. RAPD typing revealed a genetically diverse bacterial population. Conclusion: This is the first report regarding aspects of DEC in an indigenous Brazilian population, showing that Guarani children are DEC carriers and that antimicrobial resistance at high levels is widely disseminated among these enteropathogens.
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